Jasmine

lat. Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac

Group: WHITE FLOWERS

Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Odor profile: sweet narcotic scent that is floral but with an animalic background like living flesh, can be piercingly sweet and carry scent a mile off; can present "indolic" facets or be greener/airier when synthesized in the lab

Jasmine, the name of a fun-loving fragrance, provides a unique and enthusiastic aroma. The fragrance of jasmine is joined with our culture in the forms of spirituality, tradition and also medicine. Jasminum sambac fragrance has rejuvenating, boosting and energizing properties, which makes it a natural mind-blowing fragrance, while Jasminum grandiflorum is one of the most prominent scents and it has highly unique and incredibly intense aroma.


Jasmines are a group of shrubs grown commercially for production of their fragrant flowers and essential oil. The bulk of the flowers are used as such in garlands and decorative branches for religious offerings, and a small quantity is used for production of oils and attars. Jasmine concrete and absolute are used in high-grade perfumes, and come next to rose in order of importance.

There are several species of jasmine but widely available are Jasminum sambac and Jasminum grandiflorum. These are commonly used for the flower's fragrance and also for a good quality of essential oil. Jasminum sambac is a species of jasmine native to South and Southeast Asia. It is known as the Arabian jasmine in English. It is the national flower of the Philippines, where it is known as Sampaguita. It is also one of the three national flowers of Indonesia. Another one is Jasminum grandiflorum, commonly known as French jasmine, Spanish jasmine, Catalonian jasmine, Chameli, Jaji, malati mālatī मालती or mallika mallikā मल्ललका in Sanskrit; chameli chamélī चमेली, juhi Juhī जही, or ू motiya motiyā मोततया in Hindi.

Botanical name - Jasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine),  Jasminum grandiflorum (chameli , Spanish jasmine, Royal jasmine, Catalonian jasmine)
 


Family:  Oleaceae

Plant Part: Flowers

Extraction Method: Essential oil in flowers is extracted through enfleurage/solvent methods which are widely used for production of jasmine attars in India.

Colour: Deep brown with a golden tinge

Consistency: Thick

Strength of Aroma: Strong

Blends well with: generally blends with all oils.
 

 

Origin

Jasmine originates from the Far East, namely India and China, where for many centuries it has been one of the most valuable oils used in aromatherapy and for some ceremonial purposes. Jasmine is being cultivated in Spain, France, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco and other countries of the world. Jasmine, along with rose oil, are considered  the most expensive and exotic oils used in today’s perfumery.
 

History

Since recent times, Jasmine has been concluded as the "King of Oils" (Rose is the "Queen"). Apparently this is because Jasmine is the most masculine of all the floral oils. It is also interesting to note that it takes 8,000 carefully hand- picked blossoms to produce 1 gram (about 1 ml.) of Jasmine Absolute.


 

Habitat and distribution

The term Jasmine is probably derived from Persian word Yasmine meaning "fragrance," which is adopted in Arabic as Yasym given to jasmine flowers. Jasminum grandiflorum is a native of Kashmir, Afghanistan and Iran, while J. Sambac is a native of South and Central India. Jasmines are widely found in warm parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and Pacific regions but are almost absent in America. Annual production of jasmine concrete is more than 15 tons, with the largest producer being Egypt, followed by Morocco, India, Italy, France and China.

Botany


Jasminum sambac is an evergreen dwarf spreading bushy shrub reaching up to 0.5 to 1 m high, with attractive glabrous leaves producing attractive, white, sweet scented flowers in great profusion in the hot season. It is the most ideal species for cultivation in Kerala (India). Only a few varieties reproduce by seed in the wild. The flowers bloom throughout the year and are produced in clusters of 3 to 12 together at the ends of branches. They are strongly scented, with a white corolla. The flowers open at night, and close in the morning.



Jasminum grandiflorum is a twining or nearly erect growing shrub.  The branches are ribbed, drooping, annular; leaves are opposite, imparipinnately compound, rachis flattened or winged; leaflets of 5-7, elliptic, round or oval. Flowers are borne on terminal or axillary cymes longer than leaves, white, often tinged purple on the outside, fragrant; bracts ovate to spathulate, oblong, foliaceous, calyx glabrous, 5-lobed, star-shaped, elliptic or obovate. The corolla tube encloses 2 stamens borne on short slender filaments. Arabian Jasmine blooms all year long in the greenhouse. Flowers are ¾ to 1 inch across and are powerfully fragrant.
 

Chemical constituents

Jasmine concrete is a yellowish brown waxy mass with a characteristic odor of jasmine flowers. The approximate composition of jasmine flower oil obtained by enfleurage is benzyl acetate, ∂ - linalool, linalyl acetate, benzyl alcohol, jasmine, indole and methyl anthranilate. Jasmine absolute is a viscous clear yellowish brown liquid possessing a delicate odor of fresh jasmine flowers.

Uses of Jasmine essential oil
 

Jasmine essential oil is the natural oil with the most delicate, rich and very beautiful sweet floral aroma, making it a valuable ingredient for many cosmetic products. Jasmine is one of the oldest known and most widely-used botanical scents.

The word “Jasmine” has Persian origins, and Asian nationalities used jasmine branches with gorgeous white blossoms for their various ceremonies and rituals. This oil is one of the most common ones for meditation, stimulating the feelings of harmony and optimism, inducing joy and happiness, etc. It is one of the most commonly grown ornamentals in India and Bangladesh, where it is native. The flowers are used to make thick garlands used as hair adornments.

Jasmine flowers are utilized for scores of purposes—in Aromatherapy, for tranquillizing, for bathing, in cosmetics and many more. The uses of jasmine essential oil are endless.


Images: Fotolia.com


Author: Dr. Chandra Shekhar Gupta

Senior Research Fellow
Plant Quarantine Division
National Bearue of Plant Genetic Resources
Pusa Campus, New Delhi

 



 

 

 

 

Jasmine Perfumes

1.741963424816
Alien Thierry Mugler
1.5431357109809
Beauty Calvin Klein
1.5207300585849
Tendre Jasmin Yves Rocher
1.5085624155025
Waikiki Pikake Pacifica
1.5063842571729
Heaven Gap
1.5057458314556
Mirror Mirror Collection - Miroir des Envies Thierry Mugler
1.5054453958239
Imperial Tea By Kilian
1.5049947423764
Nuda Nasomatto
1.5043563166592
Full Al-Rehab
1.5043187622052
Jasmine Full Montale
1.5033047919483
Love's Soft Jasmin Dana
1.5027790295929
Life Is Pink Hope Pink Victoria`s Secret
1.502703920685
J`adore Le Jasmin Christian Dior
1.502703920685
Jasmine Keiko Mecheri
1.5024785939612
PG23 Drama Nuui Parfumerie Generale
1.5022157127835
Sophia Coty
1.5021781583296
Jasmine Demeter Fragrance
1.5020279405137
Essences Insensées 2015 Diptyque
1.5019528316058
My Red by Demi Moore Oriflame
1.501765059336
Arthes Essential Jasmin Du Nil Jeanne Arthes
1.5015021781583
White Jasmine Woods of Windsor
1.5014270692504
Privilege Parfums Privilege
1.5013519603425
Pikake TerraNova
1.5012768514346
Mandarin Jasmine No.094 Gap
1.5012768514346
Essence Jasmine Donna Karan
1.5012017425267
Jasmina April Aromatics
1.5011641880727
Tunisian Jasmine Pacifica
1.5010890791648
Eclat Femme Oriflame
1.5010890791648
Pikake Lei Kuumba Made
1.500901306895
Venezia Adrienne Vittadini
1.500863752441
Gelsomino Santa Maria Novella
1.5007510890792
Relax Eau de White Floral Jill Stuart
1.5006759801712
Rodin RODIN Olio Lusso
1.5006008712633
Jasmina April Aromatics
1.5005633168094
Ellipsis Derek Lam 10 Crosby
1.5005257623554
No 13 Roberta Andrade
1.5005257623554
Bleu Végétal Yves Rocher
1.5005257623554
LOJAZZ Santi Burgas
1.5004882079015
Perfectly Marvelous Diana Vreeland
1.5004506534475
Les Divines Alcoves Aux Anges On Cloud Nine Crazylibellule and the Poppies
1.5004506534475
Jasmine In Tangerine Atkinsons
1.5003755445396
JMT O`Driu
1.5003755445396
Pleasures Artist`s Edition Estée Lauder
1.5003755445396
Pikake Royal Hawaiian
1.5003755445396
Love You Milton Lloyd
1.5003755445396
Frosted Bloom Victoria`s Secret
1.5003379900856
Amalia Primavera Fueguia 1833
1.5003379900856
24K Gold Jivago
1.5003379900856
Jasmin Al-Rehab
1.5003379900856
No2 Night Jasmine Victoria`s Secret
1.5003379900856
Ópera en el Teatro Real Loewe
1.5003379900856
Madagascan Jasmine Grandiflora
1.5003004356317
L`eau de la Reine Margot Maison Nicolas de Barry
1.5003004356317
Colony Jean Patou
1.5003004356317
Pomelo Blossom D.S. & Durga
1.5002253267237
Jasmin Calypso Christiane Celle
1.5002253267237
Siren Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002253267237
Tendre est la Nuit La Bouquetiere
1.5002253267237
Soliflor Line Vent de Jasmin Il Profvmo
1.5002253267237
Jasminas Organic Aroma Intelligent Nutrients
1.5001877722698
Jasmin Fruits & Passion
1.5001877722698
9 Rue d'Antibes Cannes Zara
1.5001877722698
Elysium Bud Parfums
1.5001877722698
De Mil Colores Rosario Flores
1.5001877722698
She Belongs There Olivine Atelier
1.5001877722698
Lazulia Bvlgari
1.5001877722698
BOM Jasmine Ys-Uzac
1.5001502178158
Vent de Jasmin Il Profvmo
1.5001502178158
Egyptian Jasmine Arabian Oud
1.5001502178158
Melati Jasmine Melange Perfume
1.5001502178158
Jasmine Amouage
1.5001126633619
Zhasmin Dilis Parfum
1.5001126633619
Jasmine Roses Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5001126633619
Razji Syed Junaid Alam
1.5001126633619
Régence Avon
1.5001126633619
No. 35 Jasmin Frau Tonis Parfum
1.5001126633619
Jasmine Novaya Zarya
1.5001126633619
Savage Flower Bronnley
1.5000751089079
Pikake Leilani Bishop
1.5000751089079
Yasym Teone Reinthal Natural Perfume
1.5000751089079
Cassandra Pour Homme Jeanne Arthes
1.5000751089079
Fabulous Intense Isaac Mizrahi
1.5000751089079
Jasmine Attar Asgharali
1.5000751089079
Les poupées Love Kyoto KOYUKI S. Cute
1.5000751089079
Jasmine Sambac CB I Hate Perfume
1.5000751089079
nerd xx Nerd
1.5000751089079
Jazmin Norma Kamali
1.5000751089079
So Cute! Elle
1.500037554454
Carrera Femme Carrera
1.500037554454
Mark Wright For Women Mark Wright
1.500037554454
Amazing Lang Lang
1.500037554454
Gelsomino Zuma
1.500037554454
Zhirinovsky Red Zhirinovsky
1.500037554454
Jasmine Blush N°31 The Master Perfumer
1.500037554454
`00 Mila Schön
1.500037554454
Jasmine Orange Blossom Velvet & Sweet Pea’s Purrfumery
1.500037554454
Jet 365 Romantic Getaway Romane
1.500037554454
Rocco White for Men Roccobarocco
1.500037554454
Love B Fragrances
1.500037554454
03 Arbol de la Noche Body Conjure
1.500037554454
Jasmine Alvarez Gomez
1.500037554454
BHPC Colors for women Air-Val International
1.500037554454
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.500037554454
White Sand Finn & Co.
1.500037554454
Jasmine Maryaj
1.5
Turkish Full Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
Biancofiore ArteOlfatto
1.5
Pikake Oil Tulip
1.5
Barocco Severnoye Siyanie
1.5
Indian Jasmine The Merchant of Venice
1.5
Jasmine Amygdala
1.5
Roll-On Perfume No. 9 Melange Perfume
1.5
Kerala Ashok Lisa Hoffman
1.5
Jasmine The Lab Room
1.5
Haiku Awakenings Avon
1.5
Patchouli Lilith Teufels Kuche
1.5
Bed Perfume Oil Bobbi Brown
1.5
Un Air Molinard
1.5
Nuage № 1 CIEL Parfum
1.5
Fragrance №32 Nikkos-Oskol Fragrance
1.5
Jasmine Perfume Oil Scent by the Sea
1.5
Regia 1928 Regia
1.5
Jasmine Avon
1.5
Ametist Novaya Zarya
1.5
Ginger e Jasmine Derbe
1.5
Steuart Prudence Paris
1.5
White Satin Mademoiselle Milton Lloyd
1.5
Wild Jasmine Avon
1.5
Jasmine Anoint Santa Fe Botanical Natural Fragrance Collection
1.5
Samba True Blue Man Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5
Twilight Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5
Dianoche Love Night Daisy Fuentes
1.5
Blueshu VOV
1.5
La Coleccion 4 Loewe
1.499962445546
Black Jasmine Compagnie de Provence
1.499962445546
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.499962445546
Gold in Shadow Ana Hickmann
1.499962445546
Voluptuous Love Tropical Feeling
1.4998873366381
Somei Yoshino Parfums Berdoues
1.4968756821391
Lust Lush
1.4903086633619
Couture Jasmine Versace
1.4875169900856
Woman Herbalife
1.4871046424816
A La Nuit Serge Lutens
1.4843216534475
Pheromone Jasmine Marilyn Miglin
1.4832847623554
City Of Angels Royal Apothic
1.4829467722698
Heat Wave Prada
1.4767533168094
Spring Jasmine Shanghai Tang
1.4738717722698
Day Sarabecca
1.4725224356317
Noble MCMC Fragrances
1.4706631089079
Nuits de Noho Chandelier Bond No 9

Advertisement

Advertisement

Popular brands and perfumes: