Jasmine

lat. Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac

Group: Flowers

Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Odor profile: sweet narcotic scent that is floral but with an animalic background like living flesh, can be piercingly sweet and carry scent a mile off; can present "indolic" facets or be greener/airier when synthesized in the lab

Jasmine, the name of a fun-loving fragrance, provides a unique and enthusiastic aroma. The fragrance of jasmine is joined with our culture in the forms of spirituality, tradition and also medicine. Jasminum sambac fragrance has rejuvenating, boosting and energizing properties, which makes it a natural mind-blowing fragrance, while Jasminum grandiflorum is one of the most prominent scents and it has highly unique and incredibly intense aroma.


Jasmines are a group of shrubs grown commercially for production of their fragrant flowers and essential oil. The bulk of the flowers are used as such in garlands and decorative branches for religious offerings, and a small quantity is used for production of oils and attars. Jasmine concrete and absolute are used in high-grade perfumes, and come next to rose in order of importance.

There are several species of jasmine but widely available are Jasminum sambac and Jasminum grandiflorum. These are commonly used for the flower's fragrance and also for a good quality of essential oil. Jasminum sambac is a species of jasmine native to South and Southeast Asia. It is known as the Arabian jasmine in English. It is the national flower of the Philippines, where it is known as Sampaguita. It is also one of the three national flowers of Indonesia. Another one is Jasminum grandiflorum, commonly known as French jasmine, Spanish jasmine, Catalonian jasmine, Chameli, Jaji, malati mālatī मालती or mallika mallikā मल्ललका in Sanskrit; chameli chamélī चमेली, juhi Juhī जही, or ू motiya motiyā मोततया in Hindi.

Botanical name - Jasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine),  Jasminum grandiflorum (chameli , Spanish jasmine, Royal jasmine, Catalonian jasmine)
 


Family:  Oleaceae

Plant Part: Flowers

Extraction Method: Essential oil in flowers is extracted through enfleurage/solvent methods which are widely used for production of jasmine attars in India.

Colour: Deep brown with a golden tinge

Consistency: Thick

Strength of Aroma: Strong

Blends well with: generally blends with all oils.
 

 

Origin

Jasmine originates from the Far East, namely India and China, where for many centuries it has been one of the most valuable oils used in aromatherapy and for some ceremonial purposes. Jasmine is being cultivated in Spain, France, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco and other countries of the world. Jasmine, along with rose oil, are considered  the most expensive and exotic oils used in today’s perfumery.
 

History

Since recent times, Jasmine has been concluded as the "King of Oils" (Rose is the "Queen"). Apparently this is because Jasmine is the most masculine of all the floral oils. It is also interesting to note that it takes 8,000 carefully hand- picked blossoms to produce 1 gram (about 1 ml.) of Jasmine Absolute.


 

Habitat and distribution

The term Jasmine is probably derived from Persian word Yasmine meaning "fragrance," which is adopted in Arabic as Yasym given to jasmine flowers. Jasminum grandiflorum is a native of Kashmir, Afghanistan and Iran, while J. Sambac is a native of South and Central India. Jasmines are widely found in warm parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and Pacific regions but are almost absent in America. Annual production of jasmine concrete is more than 15 tons, with the largest producer being Egypt, followed by Morocco, India, Italy, France and China.

Botany


Jasminum sambac is an evergreen dwarf spreading bushy shrub reaching up to 0.5 to 1 m high, with attractive glabrous leaves producing attractive, white, sweet scented flowers in great profusion in the hot season. It is the most ideal species for cultivation in Kerala (India). Only a few varieties reproduce by seed in the wild. The flowers bloom throughout the year and are produced in clusters of 3 to 12 together at the ends of branches. They are strongly scented, with a white corolla. The flowers open at night, and close in the morning.



Jasminum grandiflorum is a twining or nearly erect growing shrub.  The branches are ribbed, drooping, annular; leaves are opposite, imparipinnately compound, rachis flattened or winged; leaflets of 5-7, elliptic, round or oval. Flowers are borne on terminal or axillary cymes longer than leaves, white, often tinged purple on the outside, fragrant; bracts ovate to spathulate, oblong, foliaceous, calyx glabrous, 5-lobed, star-shaped, elliptic or obovate. The corolla tube encloses 2 stamens borne on short slender filaments. Arabian Jasmine blooms all year long in the greenhouse. Flowers are ¾ to 1 inch across and are powerfully fragrant.
 

Chemical constituents

Jasmine concrete is a yellowish brown waxy mass with a characteristic odor of jasmine flowers. The approximate composition of jasmine flower oil obtained by enfleurage is benzyl acetate, ∂ - linalool, linalyl acetate, benzyl alcohol, jasmine, indole and methyl anthranilate. Jasmine absolute is a viscous clear yellowish brown liquid possessing a delicate odor of fresh jasmine flowers.

Uses of Jasmine essential oil
 

Jasmine essential oil is the natural oil with the most delicate, rich and very beautiful sweet floral aroma, making it a valuable ingredient for many cosmetic products. Jasmine is one of the oldest known and most widely-used botanical scents.

The word “Jasmine” has Persian origins, and Asian nationalities used jasmine branches with gorgeous white blossoms for their various ceremonies and rituals. This oil is one of the most common ones for meditation, stimulating the feelings of harmony and optimism, inducing joy and happiness, etc. It is one of the most commonly grown ornamentals in India and Bangladesh, where it is native. The flowers are used to make thick garlands used as hair adornments.

Jasmine flowers are utilized for scores of purposes—in Aromatherapy, for tranquillizing, for bathing, in cosmetics and many more. The uses of jasmine essential oil are endless.


Images: Fotolia.com


Author: Dr. Chandra Shekhar Gupta

Senior Research Fellow
Plant Quarantine Division
National Bearue of Plant Genetic Resources
Pusa Campus, New Delhi

 



 

 

 

 

Perfumes and Colognes With Jasmine

1.7332505417071
Alien Thierry Mugler
1.5467674106937
Beauty Calvin Klein
1.5184011468182
Lust Lush
1.5100281898424
Sarrasins Serge Lutens
1.5081796755857
Waikiki Pikake Pacifica
1.5069781413189
Heaven Gap
1.5059614584777
Mirror Mirror Collection - Miroir des Envies Thierry Mugler
1.5050372013494
Nuda Nasomatto
1.5034659642312
Love's Soft Jasmin Dana
1.5031886870927
Life Is Pink Hope Pink Victoria`s Secret
1.5028651970978
Jasmine Keiko Mecheri
1.5025879199593
J`adore Le Jasmin Christian Dior
1.5025417071029
Jasmin di Giava Tesori d`Oriente
1.5023106428208
PG23 Drama Nuui Parfumerie Generale
1.5018023014002
Arthes Essential Jasmin Du Nil Jeanne Arthes
1.5015712371182
Mandarin Jasmine No.094 Gap
1.5015712371182
My Red by Demi Moore Oriflame
1.5015250242617
Cherry Blossom Fruity Guerlain
1.5014788114053
Essence Jasmine Donna Karan
1.5014325985489
Jasmin Kama Rania J
1.5013863856925
White Jasmine Woods of Windsor
1.5013863856925
Jasmine Demeter Fragrance
1.5012939599797
Privilege Parfums Privilege
1.5012939599797
Tunisian Jasmine Pacifica
1.5011553214104
Pikake TerraNova
1.5009704699847
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Ange Ou Demon Jasmin Sambac Givenchy
1.5008780442719
Jasmina April Aromatics
1.5007394057027
Granada Oscar de la Renta
1.5006469799898
Eclat Femme Oriflame
1.5006007671334
LOJAZZ Santi Burgas
1.500554554277
Gelsomino Santa Maria Novella
1.500554554277
White Muguet Berkeley Square
1.5005083414206
Ardent Amber I Coloniali
1.5005083414206
Jasmin Al-Rehab
1.5005083414206
Per Una Marks and Spencer
1.5005083414206
Jasmina April Aromatics
1.5004621285642
Frosted Bloom Victoria`s Secret
1.5004621285642
Aviv (Jasmine) Sabon
1.5004621285642
Un Air de Damas Jasmine Dorin
1.5004621285642
Paradiso Roberto Cavalli
1.5004159157077
Amalia Primavera Fueguia 1833
1.5003697028513
Pikake Royal Hawaiian
1.5003697028513
24K Gold Jivago
1.5003697028513
Tendre est la Nuit La Bouquetiere
1.5003697028513
Perfectly Marvelous Diana Vreeland
1.5003697028513
Jasminas Organic Aroma Intelligent Nutrients
1.5003697028513
DNA for Men 2004 Bijan
1.5003234899949
No2 Night Jasmine Victoria`s Secret
1.5003234899949
Legno di Guajaco Tesori d`Oriente
1.5003234899949
JMT O`Driu
1.5002772771385
Si Fleuri Lomani
1.5002772771385
Pomelo Blossom D.S. & Durga
1.5002772771385
Soliflor Line Vent de Jasmin Il Profvmo
1.5002310642821
Elysium Bud Parfums
1.5002310642821
Jasmin Fruits & Passion
1.5001848514257
La Coleccion 2 Loewe
1.5001848514257
Eau de Coquette (The Perfumed Court; Natural) DSH Perfumes
1.5001848514257
Dos Gardenias Fueguia 1833
1.5001848514257
Melati Jasmine Melange Perfume
1.5001848514257
Necco Sweethearts Call Me Demeter Fragrance
1.5001848514257
Love You Milton Lloyd
1.5001848514257
Vent de Jasmin Il Profvmo
1.5001386385692
Beauty Queen LR
1.5001386385692
Luciano Soprani Her Luciano Soprani
1.5001386385692
Fleur de Sephora Jasmine Sephora
1.5000924257128
Pikake Leilani Bishop
1.5000924257128
Couture Jasmine Versace
1.5000924257128
nerd xx Nerd
1.5000924257128
Jazmin Norma Kamali
1.5000924257128
De Mil Colores Rosario Flores
1.5000924257128
Jasmine Novaya Zarya
1.5000924257128
Jasmine Attar Asgharali
1.5000462128564
Jasmine Alvarez Gomez
1.5000462128564
Come to Me Love Potion Esscentual Alchemy
1.5000462128564
Love B Fragrances
1.5000462128564
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000462128564
Jet 365 Romantic Getaway Romane
1.5000462128564
011 Royal Fidji Ajmal
1.5000462128564
The Sinner for Women Police
1.5
La Coleccion 4 Loewe
1.5
Voluptuous Love Tropical Feeling
1.5
Rose Jasmin Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.5
Elixir de Sistelle Yves de Sistelle
1.5
Bed Perfume Oil Bobbi Brown
1.5
Donna von Tristano Onofri Onofri
1.5
No. 35 Jasmin Frau Tonis Parfum
1.5
Geneve Mod.1 Parfum Bar
1.5
White Satin Mademoiselle Milton Lloyd
1.5
D Rouge Luciano Soprani
1.5
Floral-Fruity Rhythm Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5
Jasmine Sambac CB I Hate Perfume
1.5
Dianoche Love Night Daisy Fuentes
1.5
Jasmine Maat Ramón Béjar
1.5
Deco Diamonds DSH Perfumes
1.5
Jasmine Maryaj
1.5
Roll-On Perfume No. 9 Melange Perfume
1.4999537871436
Twilight Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.4999537871436
Je t'aime Jane Bella Freud
1.4999537871436
Siren Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.4999537871436
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.4999537871436
Camaheu Maison Gabriella Chieffo
1.4792685185082
Imperial Tea By Kilian
1.4769018696797
Tendre Jasmin Yves Rocher
1.4749317471232
Exotics Moonlit Jasmine Victoria`s Secret
1.4714530885438
Romance Summer Blossom Eau de Toilette Ralph Lauren
1.4710963414206
City Of Angels Royal Apothic
1.4662731528259
Full Al-Rehab
1.4579915342668
Jasmal Creed
1.4545912128564
Hot Musk Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.450533771385
Le Jasmin Annick Goutal
1.4490652856417
Une Fleur de Chanel Chanel
1.4452758314155
Two Hearts Beating as One B Never Too Busy To Be Beautiful
1.4452660024955
A La Nuit Serge Lutens
1.4451834057027
Jasmin Perle de Thé Fragonard
1.4449061285642
Rodin RODIN Olio Lusso
1.4447674899949
Les Divines Alcoves Aux Anges On Cloud Nine Crazylibellule and the Poppies
1.4447674899949
DKNY Be Delicious RED ART Men Donna Karan
1.4446750642821
mark Very Sassy mark.
1.4445076955959
Notre Flore Jasmin L`Occitane en Provence
1.4373787271131
Blush Intense Marc Jacobs
1.4357822813901
mark Instant Vacation mark.
1.4340494499746
Happy Spirit Elixir d'Amour Chopard
1.4337027028513
Jasmin Bruno Acampora
1.4335640642821
Pheromone Jasmine Marilyn Miglin
1.4313994142058
Glam Jasmine Michael Kors
1.4297725342668
Mimmina Blue Mimmina
1.4293566185591
Fuel For Life She Summer Diesel
1.4293104057027
Venezia Adrienne Vittadini
1.4291717671334
Shadha Al-Rehab
1.4290793414206
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.4289869157077
Old World Jasmine Flower Water Crabtree & Evelyn
1.4289869157077
Un Air de Damas Fullah Dorin
1.4289869157077
DKNY Be Delicious Art Men Donna Karan
1.4289407028513
Moulinette Soeurs Arabelle Anthropologie
1.4289407028513
Donna Nautilus Nautilus
1.4288482771385
Jasmin Calypso Christiane Celle
1.4288020642821
Day Sarabecca
1.4287096385692
Oudh Jasmin Sama
1.4287096385692
PRJ V1 Lurk
1.4287096385692
Moon Shadow Library of Flowers
1.4286172128564
Refan 6 Refan
1.428571
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.428571
Ilari Ilari
1.428571
Be Glamouros Mojo
1.4243830927954
J'Adore L'Absolu Christian Dior
1.4239088314155
Alien Pierre Magique Thierry Mugler
1.4233174299644
Sophia Coty
1.4218398999492
Jasmine Full Montale
1.4218386185591
Jasmine & Tuberose Henri Bendel
1.421607554277
No 13 Roberta Andrade

Popular brands and perfumes: