Jasmine

lat. Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac

Group: WHITE FLOWERS

Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Odor profile: sweet narcotic scent that is floral but with an animalic background like living flesh, can be piercingly sweet and carry scent a mile off; can present "indolic" facets or be greener/airier when synthesized in the lab

Jasmine, the name of a fun-loving fragrance, provides a unique and enthusiastic aroma. The fragrance of jasmine is joined with our culture in the forms of spirituality, tradition and also medicine. Jasminum sambac fragrance has rejuvenating, boosting and energizing properties, which makes it a natural mind-blowing fragrance, while Jasminum grandiflorum is one of the most prominent scents and it has highly unique and incredibly intense aroma.


Jasmines are a group of shrubs grown commercially for production of their fragrant flowers and essential oil. The bulk of the flowers are used as such in garlands and decorative branches for religious offerings, and a small quantity is used for production of oils and attars. Jasmine concrete and absolute are used in high-grade perfumes, and come next to rose in order of importance.

There are several species of jasmine but widely available are Jasminum sambac and Jasminum grandiflorum. These are commonly used for the flower's fragrance and also for a good quality of essential oil. Jasminum sambac is a species of jasmine native to South and Southeast Asia. It is known as the Arabian jasmine in English. It is the national flower of the Philippines, where it is known as Sampaguita. It is also one of the three national flowers of Indonesia. Another one is Jasminum grandiflorum, commonly known as French jasmine, Spanish jasmine, Catalonian jasmine, Chameli, Jaji, malati mālatī मालती or mallika mallikā मल्ललका in Sanskrit; chameli chamélī चमेली, juhi Juhī जही, or ू motiya motiyā मोततया in Hindi.

Botanical name - Jasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine),  Jasminum grandiflorum (chameli , Spanish jasmine, Royal jasmine, Catalonian jasmine)
 


Family:  Oleaceae

Plant Part: Flowers

Extraction Method: Essential oil in flowers is extracted through enfleurage/solvent methods which are widely used for production of jasmine attars in India.

Colour: Deep brown with a golden tinge

Consistency: Thick

Strength of Aroma: Strong

Blends well with: generally blends with all oils.
 

 

Origin

Jasmine originates from the Far East, namely India and China, where for many centuries it has been one of the most valuable oils used in aromatherapy and for some ceremonial purposes. Jasmine is being cultivated in Spain, France, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco and other countries of the world. Jasmine, along with rose oil, are considered  the most expensive and exotic oils used in today’s perfumery.
 

History

Since recent times, Jasmine has been concluded as the "King of Oils" (Rose is the "Queen"). Apparently this is because Jasmine is the most masculine of all the floral oils. It is also interesting to note that it takes 8,000 carefully hand- picked blossoms to produce 1 gram (about 1 ml.) of Jasmine Absolute.


 

Habitat and distribution

The term Jasmine is probably derived from Persian word Yasmine meaning "fragrance," which is adopted in Arabic as Yasym given to jasmine flowers. Jasminum grandiflorum is a native of Kashmir, Afghanistan and Iran, while J. Sambac is a native of South and Central India. Jasmines are widely found in warm parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and Pacific regions but are almost absent in America. Annual production of jasmine concrete is more than 15 tons, with the largest producer being Egypt, followed by Morocco, India, Italy, France and China.

Botany


Jasminum sambac is an evergreen dwarf spreading bushy shrub reaching up to 0.5 to 1 m high, with attractive glabrous leaves producing attractive, white, sweet scented flowers in great profusion in the hot season. It is the most ideal species for cultivation in Kerala (India). Only a few varieties reproduce by seed in the wild. The flowers bloom throughout the year and are produced in clusters of 3 to 12 together at the ends of branches. They are strongly scented, with a white corolla. The flowers open at night, and close in the morning.



Jasminum grandiflorum is a twining or nearly erect growing shrub.  The branches are ribbed, drooping, annular; leaves are opposite, imparipinnately compound, rachis flattened or winged; leaflets of 5-7, elliptic, round or oval. Flowers are borne on terminal or axillary cymes longer than leaves, white, often tinged purple on the outside, fragrant; bracts ovate to spathulate, oblong, foliaceous, calyx glabrous, 5-lobed, star-shaped, elliptic or obovate. The corolla tube encloses 2 stamens borne on short slender filaments. Arabian Jasmine blooms all year long in the greenhouse. Flowers are ¾ to 1 inch across and are powerfully fragrant.
 

Chemical constituents

Jasmine concrete is a yellowish brown waxy mass with a characteristic odor of jasmine flowers. The approximate composition of jasmine flower oil obtained by enfleurage is benzyl acetate, ∂ - linalool, linalyl acetate, benzyl alcohol, jasmine, indole and methyl anthranilate. Jasmine absolute is a viscous clear yellowish brown liquid possessing a delicate odor of fresh jasmine flowers.

Uses of Jasmine essential oil
 

Jasmine essential oil is the natural oil with the most delicate, rich and very beautiful sweet floral aroma, making it a valuable ingredient for many cosmetic products. Jasmine is one of the oldest known and most widely-used botanical scents.

The word “Jasmine” has Persian origins, and Asian nationalities used jasmine branches with gorgeous white blossoms for their various ceremonies and rituals. This oil is one of the most common ones for meditation, stimulating the feelings of harmony and optimism, inducing joy and happiness, etc. It is one of the most commonly grown ornamentals in India and Bangladesh, where it is native. The flowers are used to make thick garlands used as hair adornments.

Jasmine flowers are utilized for scores of purposes—in Aromatherapy, for tranquillizing, for bathing, in cosmetics and many more. The uses of jasmine essential oil are endless.


Images: Fotolia.com


Author: Dr. Chandra Shekhar Gupta

Senior Research Fellow
Plant Quarantine Division
National Bearue of Plant Genetic Resources
Pusa Campus, New Delhi

 



 

 

 

 

Jasmine Perfumes

1.7419210546227
Alien Thierry Mugler
1.5450429760664
Beauty Calvin Klein
1.5211542173326
Tendre Jasmin Yves Rocher
1.5087627871067
Waikiki Pikake Pacifica
1.5065624396835
Heaven Gap
1.5058289905424
Mirror Mirror Collection - Miroir des Envies Thierry Mugler
1.5055201698514
Imperial Tea By Kilian
1.5050955414013
Nuda Nasomatto
1.5041690793283
Jasmine Full Montale
1.5040918741556
Full Al-Rehab
1.5033198224281
Love's Soft Jasmin Dana
1.5028179888052
Life Is Pink Hope Pink Victoria`s Secret
1.5027021810461
J`adore Le Jasmin Christian Dior
1.5026249758734
Jasmine Keiko Mecheri
1.5023933603551
PG23 Drama Nuui Parfumerie Generale
1.5020459370778
Jasmine Demeter Fragrance
1.501968731905
My Red by Demi Moore Oriflame
1.5018143215595
Arthes Essential Jasmin Du Nil Jeanne Arthes
1.5016213086277
Essences Insensées 2015 Diptyque
1.5013896931094
Privilege Parfums Privilege
1.5013896931094
Pikake TerraNova
1.5013510905231
Essence Jasmine Donna Karan
1.5013510905231
White Jasmine Woods of Windsor
1.5013228863154
Lust Lush
1.5013124879367
Mandarin Jasmine No.094 Gap
1.5013124879367
Jasmina April Aromatics
1.5010808724185
Eclat Femme Oriflame
1.5010036672457
Tunisian Jasmine Pacifica
1.5010036672457
Pikake Lei Kuumba Made
1.5008492569002
Venezia Adrienne Vittadini
1.5007720517275
Relax Eau de White Floral Jill Stuart
1.5006948465547
Gelsomino Santa Maria Novella
1.5006562439683
Rodin RODIN Olio Lusso
1.500617641382
Jasmina April Aromatics
1.5005404362092
No 13 Roberta Andrade
1.5005404362092
Perfectly Marvelous Diana Vreeland
1.5005404362092
LOJAZZ Santi Burgas
1.5005018336229
Ellipsis Derek Lam 10 Crosby
1.5005018336229
Bleu Végétal Yves Rocher
1.5004632310365
Les Divines Alcoves Aux Anges On Cloud Nine Crazylibellule and the Poppies
1.5004246284501
Jasmine In Tangerine Atkinsons
1.5003860258637
Pleasures Artist`s Edition Estée Lauder
1.5003860258637
Frosted Bloom Victoria`s Secret
1.5003860258637
JMT O`Driu
1.5003860258637
Love You Milton Lloyd
1.5003860258637
Pikake Royal Hawaiian
1.5003474232774
No2 Night Jasmine Victoria`s Secret
1.5003474232774
24K Gold Jivago
1.5003474232774
Ópera en el Teatro Real Loewe
1.5003474232774
Amalia Primavera Fueguia 1833
1.5003474232774
Golden Tuberose Daniel Josier
1.500308820691
Pomelo Blossom D.S. & Durga
1.500308820691
L`eau de la Reine Margot Maison Nicolas de Barry
1.500308820691
Madagascan Jasmine Grandiflora
1.5002702181046
Jasmin Al-Rehab
1.5002316155182
Jasminas Organic Aroma Intelligent Nutrients
1.5002316155182
Tendre est la Nuit La Bouquetiere
1.5002316155182
Soliflor Line Vent de Jasmin Il Profvmo
1.5001930129319
Elysium Bud Parfums
1.5001930129319
De Mil Colores Rosario Flores
1.5001930129319
Jasmin Fruits & Passion
1.5001930129319
Lazulia Bvlgari
1.5001930129319
9 Rue d'Antibes Cannes Zara
1.5001544103455
Vent de Jasmin Il Profvmo
1.5001544103455
Melati Jasmine Melange Perfume
1.5001544103455
Egyptian Jasmine Arabian Oud
1.5001158077591
Razji Syed Junaid Alam
1.5001158077591
Muschio Bianco 2 I Profumi di Firenze
1.5001158077591
Zhasmin Dilis Parfum
1.5001158077591
Jasmine Roses Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5001158077591
BOM Jasmine Ys-Uzac
1.5001158077591
Jasmine Novaya Zarya
1.5001158077591
No. 35 Jasmin Frau Tonis Parfum
1.5000772051727
Cassandra Pour Homme Jeanne Arthes
1.5000772051727
Les poupées Love Kyoto KOYUKI S. Cute
1.5000772051727
Siren Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000772051727
Savage Flower Bronnley
1.5000772051727
Jasmin Troublant Acorelle
1.5000772051727
Jazmin Norma Kamali
1.5000772051727
Jasmine Attar Asgharali
1.5000772051727
nerd xx Nerd
1.5000772051727
Jasmine Sambac CB I Hate Perfume
1.5000772051727
Fabulous Intense Isaac Mizrahi
1.5000772051727
Pikake Leilani Bishop
1.5000772051727
Yasym Teone Reinthal Natural Perfume
1.5000386025864
`00 Mila Schön
1.5000386025864
Jasmine Orange Blossom Velvet & Sweet Pea’s Purrfumery
1.5000386025864
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000386025864
Zhirinovsky Red Zhirinovsky
1.5000386025864
Jasmine Maryaj
1.5000386025864
Amazing Lang Lang
1.5000386025864
White Sand Finn & Co.
1.5000386025864
Steuart Prudence Paris
1.5000386025864
Love B Fragrances
1.5000386025864
Jasmine Alvarez Gomez
1.5000386025864
Mark Wright For Women Mark Wright
1.5000386025864
03 Arbol de la Noche Body Conjure
1.5000386025864
Jet 365 Romantic Getaway Romane
1.5
Dianoche Love Night Daisy Fuentes
1.5
Jasmine Avon
1.5
Haiku Awakenings Avon
1.5
Twilight Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5
Turkish Full Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
Jasmine The Lab Room
1.5
Kerala Ashok Lisa Hoffman
1.5
Bed Perfume Oil Bobbi Brown
1.5
Pikake Oil Tulip
1.5
Roll-On Perfume No. 9 Melange Perfume
1.5
Blueshu VOV
1.5
La Coleccion 4 Loewe
1.5
Nuage № 1 CIEL Parfum
1.5
Samba True Blue Man Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5
Fragrance №32 Nikkos-Oskol Fragrance
1.5
White Satin Mademoiselle Milton Lloyd
1.5
Patchouli Lilith Teufels Kuche
1.5
Barocco Severnoye Siyanie
1.5
Wild Jasmine Avon
1.5
So Cute! Elle
1.5
Indian Jasmine The Merchant of Venice
1.5
Un Air Molinard
1.5
Parfum de Sévigné No. 4 Sevigne
1.5
Ametist Novaya Zarya
1.5
Ginger e Jasmine Derbe
1.4999613974136
Black Jasmine Compagnie de Provence
1.4999613974136
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.4999613974136
Voluptuous Love Tropical Feeling
1.4999613974136
Gold in Shadow Ana Hickmann
1.4998069870681
Somei Yoshino Parfums Berdoues
1.4918757716657
A La Nuit Serge Lutens
1.4903118077591
Couture Jasmine Versace
1.487487820691
Woman Herbalife
1.4843342310365
Pheromone Jasmine Marilyn Miglin
1.4832994362092
City Of Angels Royal Apothic
1.4829134103455
Heat Wave Prada
1.4784154103455
She Belongs There Olivine Atelier
1.4765760258637
Spring Jasmine Shanghai Tang
1.4738770129319
Day Sarabecca
1.4709740258637
Lola Signature Fragrances
1.4706266025864
Nuits de Noho Chandelier Bond No 9
1.4705739758734
Le Jasmin Annick Goutal
1.4705597965644
Jasmin di Giava Tesori d`Oriente
1.469562193978
California Star Jasmine Pacifica
1.4650580517275
Two Hearts Beating as One B Never Too Busy To Be Beautiful
1.464594820691
Jasmin Bruno Acampora
1.463685955221
Sarrasins Serge Lutens
1.4626736595252
Glam Jasmine Michael Kors
1.4618082181046
Momentous Boadicea the Victorious
1.4598836284501
Un Air de Damas Fullah Dorin
1.4585260129319
Venezia Giardini Secreti La Via del Profumo
1.4583003750241
La Religieuse Serge Lutens

Advertisement

Advertisement

Popular brands and perfumes: