Jasmine

lat. Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac

Group: Flowers

Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Odor profile: sweet narcotic scent that is floral but with an animalic background like living flesh, can be piercingly sweet and carry scent a mile off; can present "indolic" facets or be greener/airier when synthesized in the lab

Jasmine, the name of a fun-loving fragrance, provides a unique and enthusiastic aroma. The fragrance of jasmine is joined with our culture in the forms of spirituality, tradition and also medicine. Jasminum sambac fragrance has rejuvenating, boosting and energizing properties, which makes it a natural mind-blowing fragrance, while Jasminum grandiflorum is one of the most prominent scents and it has highly unique and incredibly intense aroma.


Jasmines are a group of shrubs grown commercially for production of their fragrant flowers and essential oil. The bulk of the flowers are used as such in garlands and decorative branches for religious offerings, and a small quantity is used for production of oils and attars. Jasmine concrete and absolute are used in high-grade perfumes, and come next to rose in order of importance.

There are several species of jasmine but widely available are Jasminum sambac and Jasminum grandiflorum. These are commonly used for the flower's fragrance and also for a good quality of essential oil. Jasminum sambac is a species of jasmine native to South and Southeast Asia. It is known as the Arabian jasmine in English. It is the national flower of the Philippines, where it is known as Sampaguita. It is also one of the three national flowers of Indonesia. Another one is Jasminum grandiflorum, commonly known as French jasmine, Spanish jasmine, Catalonian jasmine, Chameli, Jaji, malati mālatī मालती or mallika mallikā मल्ललका in Sanskrit; chameli chamélī चमेली, juhi Juhī जही, or ू motiya motiyā मोततया in Hindi.

Botanical name - Jasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine),  Jasminum grandiflorum (chameli , Spanish jasmine, Royal jasmine, Catalonian jasmine)
 


Family:  Oleaceae

Plant Part: Flowers

Extraction Method: Essential oil in flowers is extracted through enfleurage/solvent methods which are widely used for production of jasmine attars in India.

Colour: Deep brown with a golden tinge

Consistency: Thick

Strength of Aroma: Strong

Blends well with: generally blends with all oils.
 

 

Origin

Jasmine originates from the Far East, namely India and China, where for many centuries it has been one of the most valuable oils used in aromatherapy and for some ceremonial purposes. Jasmine is being cultivated in Spain, France, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco and other countries of the world. Jasmine, along with rose oil, are considered  the most expensive and exotic oils used in today’s perfumery.
 

History

Since recent times, Jasmine has been concluded as the "King of Oils" (Rose is the "Queen"). Apparently this is because Jasmine is the most masculine of all the floral oils. It is also interesting to note that it takes 8,000 carefully hand- picked blossoms to produce 1 gram (about 1 ml.) of Jasmine Absolute.


 

Habitat and distribution

The term Jasmine is probably derived from Persian word Yasmine meaning "fragrance," which is adopted in Arabic as Yasym given to jasmine flowers. Jasminum grandiflorum is a native of Kashmir, Afghanistan and Iran, while J. Sambac is a native of South and Central India. Jasmines are widely found in warm parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and Pacific regions but are almost absent in America. Annual production of jasmine concrete is more than 15 tons, with the largest producer being Egypt, followed by Morocco, India, Italy, France and China.

Botany


Jasminum sambac is an evergreen dwarf spreading bushy shrub reaching up to 0.5 to 1 m high, with attractive glabrous leaves producing attractive, white, sweet scented flowers in great profusion in the hot season. It is the most ideal species for cultivation in Kerala (India). Only a few varieties reproduce by seed in the wild. The flowers bloom throughout the year and are produced in clusters of 3 to 12 together at the ends of branches. They are strongly scented, with a white corolla. The flowers open at night, and close in the morning.



Jasminum grandiflorum is a twining or nearly erect growing shrub.  The branches are ribbed, drooping, annular; leaves are opposite, imparipinnately compound, rachis flattened or winged; leaflets of 5-7, elliptic, round or oval. Flowers are borne on terminal or axillary cymes longer than leaves, white, often tinged purple on the outside, fragrant; bracts ovate to spathulate, oblong, foliaceous, calyx glabrous, 5-lobed, star-shaped, elliptic or obovate. The corolla tube encloses 2 stamens borne on short slender filaments. Arabian Jasmine blooms all year long in the greenhouse. Flowers are ¾ to 1 inch across and are powerfully fragrant.
 

Chemical constituents

Jasmine concrete is a yellowish brown waxy mass with a characteristic odor of jasmine flowers. The approximate composition of jasmine flower oil obtained by enfleurage is benzyl acetate, ∂ - linalool, linalyl acetate, benzyl alcohol, jasmine, indole and methyl anthranilate. Jasmine absolute is a viscous clear yellowish brown liquid possessing a delicate odor of fresh jasmine flowers.

Uses of Jasmine essential oil
 

Jasmine essential oil is the natural oil with the most delicate, rich and very beautiful sweet floral aroma, making it a valuable ingredient for many cosmetic products. Jasmine is one of the oldest known and most widely-used botanical scents.

The word “Jasmine” has Persian origins, and Asian nationalities used jasmine branches with gorgeous white blossoms for their various ceremonies and rituals. This oil is one of the most common ones for meditation, stimulating the feelings of harmony and optimism, inducing joy and happiness, etc. It is one of the most commonly grown ornamentals in India and Bangladesh, where it is native. The flowers are used to make thick garlands used as hair adornments.

Jasmine flowers are utilized for scores of purposes—in Aromatherapy, for tranquillizing, for bathing, in cosmetics and many more. The uses of jasmine essential oil are endless.


Images: Fotolia.com


Author: Dr. Chandra Shekhar Gupta

Senior Research Fellow
Plant Quarantine Division
National Bearue of Plant Genetic Resources
Pusa Campus, New Delhi

 



 

 

 

 

Perfumes and Colognes With Jasmine

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Alien Thierry Mugler
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Beauty Calvin Klein
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Tendre Jasmin Yves Rocher
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Waikiki Pikake Pacifica
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Heaven Gap
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Mirror Mirror Collection - Miroir des Envies Thierry Mugler
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Imperial Tea By Kilian
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Love's Soft Jasmin Dana
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Life Is Pink Hope Pink Victoria`s Secret
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J`adore Le Jasmin Christian Dior
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PG23 Drama Nuui Parfumerie Generale
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Jasmine Demeter Fragrance
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My Red by Demi Moore Oriflame
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Arthes Essential Jasmin Du Nil Jeanne Arthes
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Privilege Parfums Privilege
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Pikake TerraNova
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Mandarin Jasmine No.094 Gap
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Essence Jasmine Donna Karan
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White Jasmine Woods of Windsor
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Jasmina April Aromatics
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Shadha Al-Rehab
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Eclat Femme Oriflame
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Tunisian Jasmine Pacifica
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Venezia Adrienne Vittadini
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Relax Eau de White Floral Jill Stuart
1.5006523157208
Rodin RODIN Olio Lusso
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Gelsomino Santa Maria Novella
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No 13 Roberta Andrade
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Jasmina April Aromatics
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Perfectly Marvelous Diana Vreeland
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LOJAZZ Santi Burgas
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Pikake Royal Hawaiian
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Les Divines Alcoves Aux Anges On Cloud Nine Crazylibellule and the Poppies
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JMT O`Driu
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Pleasures Artist`s Edition Estée Lauder
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Frosted Bloom Victoria`s Secret
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Ópera en el Teatro Real Loewe
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24K Gold Jivago
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Amalia Primavera Fueguia 1833
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Jasmine In Tangerine Atkinsons
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Love You Milton Lloyd
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No2 Night Jasmine Victoria`s Secret
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Jasmin Al-Rehab
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Golden Tuberose Daniel Josier
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Pomelo Blossom D.S. & Durga
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Tendre est la Nuit La Bouquetiere
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Jasminas Organic Aroma Intelligent Nutrients
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Soliflor Line Vent de Jasmin Il Profvmo
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L`eau de la Reine Margot Maison Nicolas de Barry
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Elysium Bud Parfums
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Jasmin Fruits & Passion
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Melati Jasmine Melange Perfume
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No. 35 Jasmin Frau Tonis Parfum
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Vent de Jasmin Il Profvmo
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Egyptian Jasmine Arabian Oud
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Jasmine Novaya Zarya
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Jasmine Roses Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
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BOM Jasmine Ys-Uzac
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Razji Syed Junaid Alam
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Ajmal II Ajmal
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Zhasmin Dilis Parfum
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Siren Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Fabulous Intense Isaac Mizrahi
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Jasmine Attar Asgharali
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Jazmin Norma Kamali
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nerd xx Nerd
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Day for Women No. 23 Bic
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Cassandra Pour Homme Jeanne Arthes
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Pikake Leilani Bishop
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Jasmin Troublant Acorelle
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Jasmine Alvarez Gomez
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White Sand Finn & Co.
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`00 Mila Schön
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Muschio Bianco 2 I Profumi di Firenze
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Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
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Steuart Prudence Paris
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Snap 1 For Her Snap Perfume
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Amazing Lang Lang
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Jasmine Maryaj
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Dianoche Love Night Daisy Fuentes
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Jet 365 Romantic Getaway Romane
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Love B Fragrances
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Indian Jasmine The Merchant of Venice
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Patchouli Lilith Teufels Kuche
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Samba True Blue Man Perfumer`s Workshop
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Black Jasmine Compagnie de Provence
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Jasmine Avon
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Twilight Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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La Coleccion 4 Loewe
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Jasmine Sambac CB I Hate Perfume
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Roll-On Perfume No. 9 Melange Perfume
1.5
White Satin Mademoiselle Milton Lloyd
1.5
Bed Perfume Oil Bobbi Brown
1.5
Turkish Full Majid Muzaffar Iterji
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Kerala Ashok Lisa Hoffman
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White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
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Gold in Shadow Ana Hickmann
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Voluptuous Love Tropical Feeling
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So Cute! Elle
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Somei Yoshino Parfums Berdoues
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A La Nuit Serge Lutens
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Lust Lush
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City Of Angels Royal Apothic
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Sarrasins Serge Lutens
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Lola Signature Fragrances
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Exotics Moonlit Jasmine Victoria`s Secret
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Couture Jasmine Versace
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Eau Fraiche Biotherm
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Two Hearts Beating as One B Never Too Busy To Be Beautiful
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Glam Jasmine Michael Kors
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Irene Neuwirth Barneys New York
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Momentous Boadicea the Victorious
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La Coleccion 2 Loewe
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Cherry Blossom Fruity Guerlain
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California Star Jasmine Pacifica
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Un Air de Damas Fullah Dorin
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Spring Jasmine Shanghai Tang
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Ikat Jasmine Aerin Lauder
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Jasmin Bruno Acampora
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Sophia Coty
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Une Fleur de Chanel Chanel
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Ardent Amber I Coloniali
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Woman Herbalife
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Jewelry of Heaven Velvet & Sweet Pea’s Purrfumery
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Thierry Mugler Show Collection: Alien Couture Stone Thierry Mugler
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Noble MCMC Fragrances
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La Religieuse Serge Lutens
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Blush Intense Marc Jacobs
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Hot Musk Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
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Notre Flore Jasmin L`Occitane en Provence
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Moulinette Soeurs Arabelle Anthropologie
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Jasmin Calypso Christiane Celle
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De Mil Colores Rosario Flores
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Oudh Jasmin Sama
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Fleur de Sephora Jasmine Sephora
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Moon Shadow Library of Flowers
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L'Ambre Vanille Tan Giudicelli
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Taariikh Rose Syed Junaid Alam
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Femme Fleur de Sante
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PRJ V1 Lurk
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