Jasmine

lat. Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac

Group: Flowers

Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum Sambac
Odor profile: sweet narcotic scent that is floral but with an animalic background like living flesh, can be piercingly sweet and carry scent a mile off; can present "indolic" facets or be greener/airier when synthesized in the lab

Jasmine, the name of a fun-loving fragrance, provides a unique and enthusiastic aroma. The fragrance of jasmine is joined with our culture in the forms of spirituality, tradition and also medicine. Jasminum sambac fragrance has rejuvenating, boosting and energizing properties, which makes it a natural mind-blowing fragrance, while Jasminum grandiflorum is one of the most prominent scents and it has highly unique and incredibly intense aroma.


Jasmines are a group of shrubs grown commercially for production of their fragrant flowers and essential oil. The bulk of the flowers are used as such in garlands and decorative branches for religious offerings, and a small quantity is used for production of oils and attars. Jasmine concrete and absolute are used in high-grade perfumes, and come next to rose in order of importance.

There are several species of jasmine but widely available are Jasminum sambac and Jasminum grandiflorum. These are commonly used for the flower's fragrance and also for a good quality of essential oil. Jasminum sambac is a species of jasmine native to South and Southeast Asia. It is known as the Arabian jasmine in English. It is the national flower of the Philippines, where it is known as Sampaguita. It is also one of the three national flowers of Indonesia. Another one is Jasminum grandiflorum, commonly known as French jasmine, Spanish jasmine, Catalonian jasmine, Chameli, Jaji, malati mālatī मालती or mallika mallikā मल्ललका in Sanskrit; chameli chamélī चमेली, juhi Juhī जही, or ू motiya motiyā मोततया in Hindi.

Botanical name - Jasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine),  Jasminum grandiflorum (chameli , Spanish jasmine, Royal jasmine, Catalonian jasmine)
 


Family:  Oleaceae

Plant Part: Flowers

Extraction Method: Essential oil in flowers is extracted through enfleurage/solvent methods which are widely used for production of jasmine attars in India.

Colour: Deep brown with a golden tinge

Consistency: Thick

Strength of Aroma: Strong

Blends well with: generally blends with all oils.
 

 

Origin

Jasmine originates from the Far East, namely India and China, where for many centuries it has been one of the most valuable oils used in aromatherapy and for some ceremonial purposes. Jasmine is being cultivated in Spain, France, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco and other countries of the world. Jasmine, along with rose oil, are considered  the most expensive and exotic oils used in today’s perfumery.
 

History

Since recent times, Jasmine has been concluded as the "King of Oils" (Rose is the "Queen"). Apparently this is because Jasmine is the most masculine of all the floral oils. It is also interesting to note that it takes 8,000 carefully hand- picked blossoms to produce 1 gram (about 1 ml.) of Jasmine Absolute.


 

Habitat and distribution

The term Jasmine is probably derived from Persian word Yasmine meaning "fragrance," which is adopted in Arabic as Yasym given to jasmine flowers. Jasminum grandiflorum is a native of Kashmir, Afghanistan and Iran, while J. Sambac is a native of South and Central India. Jasmines are widely found in warm parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and Pacific regions but are almost absent in America. Annual production of jasmine concrete is more than 15 tons, with the largest producer being Egypt, followed by Morocco, India, Italy, France and China.

Botany


Jasminum sambac is an evergreen dwarf spreading bushy shrub reaching up to 0.5 to 1 m high, with attractive glabrous leaves producing attractive, white, sweet scented flowers in great profusion in the hot season. It is the most ideal species for cultivation in Kerala (India). Only a few varieties reproduce by seed in the wild. The flowers bloom throughout the year and are produced in clusters of 3 to 12 together at the ends of branches. They are strongly scented, with a white corolla. The flowers open at night, and close in the morning.



Jasminum grandiflorum is a twining or nearly erect growing shrub.  The branches are ribbed, drooping, annular; leaves are opposite, imparipinnately compound, rachis flattened or winged; leaflets of 5-7, elliptic, round or oval. Flowers are borne on terminal or axillary cymes longer than leaves, white, often tinged purple on the outside, fragrant; bracts ovate to spathulate, oblong, foliaceous, calyx glabrous, 5-lobed, star-shaped, elliptic or obovate. The corolla tube encloses 2 stamens borne on short slender filaments. Arabian Jasmine blooms all year long in the greenhouse. Flowers are ¾ to 1 inch across and are powerfully fragrant.
 

Chemical constituents

Jasmine concrete is a yellowish brown waxy mass with a characteristic odor of jasmine flowers. The approximate composition of jasmine flower oil obtained by enfleurage is benzyl acetate, ∂ - linalool, linalyl acetate, benzyl alcohol, jasmine, indole and methyl anthranilate. Jasmine absolute is a viscous clear yellowish brown liquid possessing a delicate odor of fresh jasmine flowers.

Uses of Jasmine essential oil
 

Jasmine essential oil is the natural oil with the most delicate, rich and very beautiful sweet floral aroma, making it a valuable ingredient for many cosmetic products. Jasmine is one of the oldest known and most widely-used botanical scents.

The word “Jasmine” has Persian origins, and Asian nationalities used jasmine branches with gorgeous white blossoms for their various ceremonies and rituals. This oil is one of the most common ones for meditation, stimulating the feelings of harmony and optimism, inducing joy and happiness, etc. It is one of the most commonly grown ornamentals in India and Bangladesh, where it is native. The flowers are used to make thick garlands used as hair adornments.

Jasmine flowers are utilized for scores of purposes—in Aromatherapy, for tranquillizing, for bathing, in cosmetics and many more. The uses of jasmine essential oil are endless.


Images: Fotolia.com


Author: Dr. Chandra Shekhar Gupta

Senior Research Fellow
Plant Quarantine Division
National Bearue of Plant Genetic Resources
Pusa Campus, New Delhi

 



 

 

 

 

Perfumes and Colognes With Jasmine

1.7413234603175
Alien Thierry Mugler
1.5414719459459
Beauty Calvin Klein
1.5083226083226
Waikiki Pikake Pacifica
1.5066495066495
Heaven Gap
1.5062205062205
Mirror Mirror Collection - Miroir des Envies Thierry Mugler
1.5052338052338
Nuda Nasomatto
1.504719004719
Imperial Tea By Kilian
1.5035178035178
Love's Soft Jasmin Dana
1.5030459030459
Life Is Pink Hope Pink Victoria`s Secret
1.5029172029172
Jasmine Keiko Mecheri
1.5027027027027
J`adore Le Jasmin Christian Dior
1.5026598026598
Jasmin di Giava Tesori d`Oriente
1.5022369219219
Lust Lush
1.5018018018018
My Red by Demi Moore Oriflame
1.5016302016302
Arthes Essential Jasmin Du Nil Jeanne Arthes
1.5015444015444
Essence Jasmine Donna Karan
1.5015015015015
Jasmine Demeter Fragrance
1.5014586014586
Mandarin Jasmine No.094 Gap
1.5013728013728
Jasmin Kama Rania J
1.5013728013728
Cherry Blossom Fruity Guerlain
1.5013728013728
Pikake TerraNova
1.5013299013299
White Jasmine Woods of Windsor
1.501287001287
Privilege Parfums Privilege
1.5011583011583
Tunisian Jasmine Pacifica
1.5010725010725
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Ange Ou Demon Jasmin Sambac Givenchy
1.5010725010725
Jasmina April Aromatics
1.5009867009867
Granada Oscar de la Renta
1.5008151008151
Venezia Adrienne Vittadini
1.5007722007722
Eclat Femme Oriflame
1.5006435006435
Gelsomino Santa Maria Novella
1.5006006006006
White Muguet Berkeley Square
1.5006006006006
LOJAZZ Santi Burgas
1.5005148005148
Perfectly Marvelous Diana Vreeland
1.5004719004719
Jasmina April Aromatics
1.5004719004719
Ardent Amber I Coloniali
1.500429000429
JMT O`Driu
1.500429000429
Un Air de Damas Jasmine Dorin
1.5003861003861
Amalia Primavera Fueguia 1833
1.5003861003861
Frosted Bloom Victoria`s Secret
1.5003861003861
Ópera en el Teatro Real Loewe
1.5003432003432
Tendre est la Nuit La Bouquetiere
1.5003432003432
Jasmin Al-Rehab
1.5003432003432
Pikake Royal Hawaiian
1.5003432003432
Jasminas Organic Aroma Intelligent Nutrients
1.5003432003432
DNA for Men 2004 Bijan
1.5003003003003
Pomelo Blossom D.S. & Durga
1.5003003003003
No2 Night Jasmine Victoria`s Secret
1.5002574002574
Soliflor Line Vent de Jasmin Il Profvmo
1.5002574002574
L`eau de la Reine Margot Maison Nicolas de Barry
1.5002574002574
Melati Jasmine Melange Perfume
1.5002574002574
Lei glam Bottega Verde
1.5002145002145
La Coleccion 2 Loewe
1.5002145002145
Love You Milton Lloyd
1.5002145002145
Elysium Bud Parfums
1.5002145002145
Jasmin Fruits & Passion
1.5001716001716
Dos Gardenias Fueguia 1833
1.5001716001716
Egyptian Jasmine Arabian Oud
1.5001716001716
1499 S-Perfume
1.5001716001716
Necco Sweethearts Call Me Demeter Fragrance
1.5001287001287
Luciano Soprani Her Luciano Soprani
1.5001287001287
Beauty Queen LR
1.5001287001287
Jasmine Novaya Zarya
1.5001287001287
Vent de Jasmin Il Profvmo
1.5001287001287
Jasmine Roses Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5001287001287
`00 Mila Schön
1.5000858000858
nerd xx Nerd
1.5000858000858
Jasmin Troublant Acorelle
1.5000858000858
De Mil Colores Rosario Flores
1.5000858000858
Jasmine Attar Asgharali
1.5000858000858
Jazmin Norma Kamali
1.5000858000858
Vida Birds of Paradise Romane
1.5000858000858
Pikake Leilani Bishop
1.5000429000429
Jasmine Alvarez Gomez
1.5000429000429
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000429000429
Love B Fragrances
1.5000429000429
011 Royal Fidji Ajmal
1.5000429000429
Jet 365 Romantic Getaway Romane
1.5
Voluptuous Love Tropical Feeling
1.5
Bed Perfume Oil Bobbi Brown
1.5
Elixir de Sistelle Yves de Sistelle
1.5
Floral-Fruity Rhythm Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5
Jasmine Avon
1.5
Roll-On Perfume No. 9 Melange Perfume
1.5
Jasmine Maryaj
1.5
White Sand Finn & Co.
1.5
White Satin Mademoiselle Milton Lloyd
1.5
Dianoche Love Night Daisy Fuentes
1.5
Geneve Mod.1 Parfum Bar
1.5
Donna von Tristano Onofri Onofri
1.5
No. 35 Jasmin Frau Tonis Parfum
1.5
La Coleccion 4 Loewe
1.5
Black Jasmine Compagnie de Provence
1.5
Rose Jasmin Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.5
Jasmine Sambac CB I Hate Perfume
1.4999570999571
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.4999570999571
Siren Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.4999570999571
Twilight Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.4937591025311
Full Al-Rehab
1.4928826023166
PG23 Drama Nuui Parfumerie Generale
1.4924112102102
Sarrasins Serge Lutens
1.4820776207636
Tendre Jasmin Yves Rocher
1.474971001287
Exotics Moonlit Jasmine Victoria`s Secret
1.4747565010725
Eau Fraiche Biotherm
1.4739843003003
24K Gold Jivago
1.4738127001287
Couture Jasmine Versace
1.4710599004719
City Of Angels Royal Apothic
1.467196001287
Jasmal Creed
1.4626105010725
Shadha Al-Rehab
1.4616238000858
Irene Neuwirth Barneys New York
1.4578262063492
Glam Jasmine Michael Kors
1.4504208026598
Le Jasmin Annick Goutal
1.4501287001287
Field of Violets Natura
1.4487769043329
Une Fleur de Chanel Chanel
1.4452162007722
Two Hearts Beating as One B Never Too Busy To Be Beautiful
1.4450446006006
Rodin RODIN Olio Lusso
1.4448926250536
A La Nuit Serge Lutens
1.4447443003003
Les Divines Alcoves Aux Anges On Cloud Nine Crazylibellule and the Poppies
1.4447443003003
mark Very Sassy mark.
1.4442624024024
Les Fleurs: Jasmin Molinard
1.4442251072501
Notre Flore Jasmin L`Occitane en Provence
1.4435784024024
mark Instant Vacation mark.
1.4422914011154
Jasmin Perle de Thé Fragonard
1.4409438009438
Tawaf La Via del Profumo
1.438358000858
Alien Pierre Magique Thierry Mugler
1.4375432020592
Blush Intense Marc Jacobs
1.4341613041613
J'Adore L'Absolu Christian Dior
1.433762000429
Pheromone Jasmine Marilyn Miglin
1.4293861008151
Fuel For Life She Summer Diesel
1.429000000429
Un Air de Damas Fullah Dorin
1.429000000429
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.4289571003861
DKNY Be Delicious Art Men Donna Karan
1.4289142003432
Moulinette Soeurs Arabelle Anthropologie
1.4289142003432
Donna Nautilus Nautilus
1.4288284002574
Jasmin Calypso Christiane Celle
1.4287426001716
Perfume No.1 Undone Abercrombie & Fitch
1.4287426001716
Oudh Jasmin Sama
1.4286997001287
PRJ V1 Lurk
1.4286997001287
Moon Shadow Library of Flowers
1.428571
Ilari Ilari
1.428571
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.428571
Be Glamouros Mojo
1.4268447018447
Romance Summer Blossom Eau de Toilette Ralph Lauren
1.4233267022737
Sophia Coty
1.422594003432
Jasmine Full Montale
1.4218681008151
Jasmine & Tuberose Henri Bendel
1.4216536006006
No 13 Roberta Andrade
1.4214391003861
No Matter What Liaison de Parfum
1.4171818005148
Relax Eau de White Floral Jill Stuart
1.4170102003432
Ambr’Ero Cerchi Nell’Acqua
1.4167957001287
Femme Supreme Roberta Andrade

Popular brands and perfumes: