Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: MUSK, AMBER, ANIMALIC SMELLS

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Musk Perfumes

1.5105658605306
Clean Skin Clean
1.5071613054708
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5053220630821
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.505165531815
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5042263442123
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.503913281678
White Musk Montale
1.5027001643578
Over The Musk Thierry Mugler
1.5020740392893
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5020349064726
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5020349064726
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5019957736558
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5019957736558
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.5016827111215
Black Musk Jovan
1.5016435783048
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.5012913829537
Egyptian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5012913829537
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5012131173202
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5012131173202
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.5012131173202
Define Next
1.5011739845034
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5010957188698
Werewolf Lumberjack Smell Bent
1.5010565860531
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5009783204195
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.5009391876027
Musc Solinotes
1.5009000547859
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008609219692
Cristal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.5008217891524
Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
1.5008217891524
Silent St. Derek Lam 10 Crosby
1.5007826563356
Clean Lather Clean
1.5007826563356
Sakura Olympic Orchids Artisan Perfumes
1.5007826563356
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5007435235188
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5007435235188
Musk Tahara Arabian Oud
1.500704390702
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006261250685
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006261250685
Commando Smell Bent
1.5005869922517
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5005478594349
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5005478594349
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5005478594349
G7 Mixed Gap
1.5005478594349
Musk C.O.Bigelow
1.5005087266181
Moschus Love Fever Sophie Nerval
1.5005087266181
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5005087266181
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.5005087266181
CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
1.5004695938014
Oud & Musc Cartier
1.5004695938014
Khalis Musk (Pure Musk) Lattafa Perfumes
1.5004304609846
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5004304609846
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5003913281678
Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
1.5003913281678
Musk For a Perfect Walk Zara
1.5003913281678
Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.500352195351
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5003130625342
Musk Mazzolari
1.5003130625342
Musc Blanc Nejma
1.5003130625342
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.5003130625342
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002739297175
Musk for Men Avon
1.5002739297175
Eaudesalpes Mora & Almizcle (HIDRATANTE) IVR Swiss Group
1.5002739297175
Magnetic Blend 7 Initio Parfums Prives
1.5002739297175
Gant Summer Gant
1.5002739297175
06 Clean Musk Fred Segal
1.5002347969007
$ D.S. & Durga
1.5002347969007
Dehn al Oudh Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5002347969007
Agua de Almiscar Companhia da Terra
1.5002347969007
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5002347969007
Guapo Al-Rehab
1.5002347969007
360 For Men Arabian Oud
1.5001956640839
Disclosure Adventure Sapil
1.5001956640839
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5001956640839
Silver Musk Syed Junaid Alam
1.5001956640839
Vice Ajmal
1.5001565312671
Mukhallat Al Haram Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5001565312671
Pink Nancy Sapil
1.5001565312671
Crinoline And Other Stories
1.5001565312671
Heavenly Luxe Edition Victoria`s Secret
1.5001565312671
Musc Gold Bruno Acampora
1.5001565312671
Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
1.5001565312671
Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001565312671
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5001173984503
Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
1.5001173984503
Dynamo Sapil
1.5001173984503
Arabian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5001173984503
Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
1.5001173984503
Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
1.5001173984503
Ghair 1 Ajmal
1.5001173984503
Musk Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5001173984503
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.5001173984503
SPF Forever Free Woman Springfield
1.5001173984503
Power Musk Oriflame
1.5001173984503
Saltwater Portland General Store
1.5001173984503
No. XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
1.5001173984503
Respiro MONOM
1.5001173984503
Irinia Bvlgari
1.5001173984503
Ménage à Trois Zarkoperfume
1.5001173984503
Tristan Pierre Cardin
1.5001173984503
Supreme Modigliani
1.5000782656336
Musk Musk Collection
1.5000782656336
Fetish: Toro Opus Oils
1.5000782656336
Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000782656336
Musk Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5000782656336
Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000782656336
♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
1.5000782656336
Cotone-muschio bianco Dr. Taffi
1.5000782656336
Nike Urban Musk Nike
1.5000782656336
Pearl Al Battash Concepts
1.5000782656336
Pure Oil Of Musk Carolina Herrera
1.5000782656336
Durrat Al Khaleej Reehat Al Atoor
1.5000782656336
White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000782656336
Jaathbia Collection White Musk Ajmal
1.5000782656336
Musc Refan
1.5000782656336
Amazing Grace 20th Birthday Special Edition Philosophy
1.5000782656336
Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
1.5000782656336
Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000782656336
Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000782656336
Le Secret d'Arielle Mauboussin
1.5000782656336
Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
1.5000782656336
Yujin Ectasy Ella Mikao
1.5000782656336
Taiga DayNa Decker
1.5000391328168
Amber Musk Shiara
1.5000391328168
Wondrous Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5000391328168
Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
1.5000391328168
Bouquet d'Amour Malicieuse Mariella Burani
1.5000391328168
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000391328168
Laccio L`acqua Di Fiori
1.5000391328168
Champion Al-Rehab
1.5000391328168
It`s Candy Time Mel Merio
1.5000391328168
Evolution Musk DSH Perfumes
1.5000391328168
Fawakeh Shirley May
1.5000391328168
Musk Gold Ermenegildo Zegna
1.5000391328168
Victory Al-Rehab
1.5
L'Eau de Riô Avenida Atlântica L`Eau de Riô
1.5
Cicuta V Canto
1.5
Oriental Musk Mel Merio
1.5
After 9 Silver Emper
1.5
Nima Al Haramain Perfumes
1.5
Pink Musk Al-Jazeera Perfumes
1.5
Zapretniy Dvorets Art Deco Perfumes
1.5
Musk Hayati Arabesque Perfumes
1.5
Anna Karenina Novaya Zarya
1.5
Musc YanFroloff Perfumer
1.5
Leaders Number One Vlad Rekunov
1.5
Original White Musk Zuma
1.5
BPC Musk Brooklyn Perfume Company
1.5
Oscuro MONOM
1.5
Black Musk - Musk KL Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
Sexes Bomb Clubnichka Brocard
1.5
Musk An Aura of Purity Khalis
1.5
Safwat Al Musk Lattafa Perfumes
1.5
Danhal Oud Khalifa Otoori

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