Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: Animal Sources

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perfumes and Colognes With Musk

1.5100799869409
Clean Skin Clean
1.5069376428338
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5051828272935
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5048563499837
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5037136793993
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5035096310806
White Musk Montale
1.5031831537708
Black Musk Jovan
1.5020404831864
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5020404831864
Over The Musk Thierry Mugler
1.5019996735227
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.501958863859
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5016731962129
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5016323865491
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5016323865491
Black Musk Jovan
1.5013875285668
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.5012242899119
Define Next
1.5011834802481
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.5011834802481
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5011834802481
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5011834802481
Werewolf Lumberjack Smell Bent
1.5011834802481
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5011018609207
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5009794319295
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.500897812602
Cristal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.500897812602
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008570029383
Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
1.5008161932746
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5007753836108
Clean Lather Clean
1.5007753836108
Musc Solinotes
1.5007345739471
Musk Tahara Arabian Oud
1.5007345739471
Sexy Sparkle Hot Berry Victoria`s Secret
1.5006529546197
Commando Smell Bent
1.5006121449559
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5005713352922
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5005713352922
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5005713352922
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5005713352922
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5005713352922
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5005305256285
G7 Mixed Gap
1.5005305256285
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5004897159647
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.5004897159647
Musk C.O.Bigelow
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Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.500448906301
Oud & Musc Cartier
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Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
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Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.5003672869736
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
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Musk Urbar Royal Crown
1.5003672869736
Moschus Love Fever Sophie Nerval
1.5003672869736
CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
1.5003264773098
Musk Mazzolari
1.5003264773098
Musc Blanc Nejma
1.5003264773098
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.5003264773098
Khalis Musk (Pure Musk) Lattafa Perfumes
1.5003264773098
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002856676461
Coty Musk for Men Coty
1.5002856676461
Gant Summer Gant
1.5002856676461
Eaudesalpes Mora & Almizcle (HIDRATANTE) IVR Swiss Group
1.5002856676461
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5002448579824
Agua de Almiscar Companhia da Terra
1.5002448579824
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5002448579824
$ D.S. & Durga
1.5002040483186
Silver Musk Syed Junaid Alam
1.5002040483186
Misk Al Oudh Ajmal
1.5002040483186
Musk Al Ghazal Al-Rehab
1.5002040483186
360 For Men Arabian Oud
1.5002040483186
Nike Fission Nike
1.5002040483186
Vice Ajmal
1.5002040483186
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5001632386549
Power Musk Oriflame
1.5001632386549
Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001632386549
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5001632386549
Mukhallat Al Haram Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5001224289912
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.5001224289912
Pink Nancy Sapil
1.5001224289912
SPF Forever Free Woman Springfield
1.5001224289912
Saltwater Portland General Store
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Ghair 1 Ajmal
1.5001224289912
Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
1.5001224289912
Tristan Pierre Cardin
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Dynamo Sapil
1.5001224289912
Disclosure Adventure Sapil
1.5001224289912
Musk Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5001224289912
Guapo Al-Rehab
1.5000816193275
Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
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Cotone-muschio bianco Dr. Taffi
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Durrat Al Khaleej Reehat Al Atoor
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Pure Oil Of Musk Carolina Herrera
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Taiga DayNa Decker
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♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
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Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
1.5000816193275
Fetish: Toro Opus Oils
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White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000816193275
Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
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Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
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Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000816193275
Yujin Ectasy Ella Mikao
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Nike Urban Musk Nike
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Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Musc Refan
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Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Jaathbia Collection White Musk Ajmal
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Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
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XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
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Victory Al-Rehab
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Laccio L`acqua Di Fiori
1.5000408096637
Champion Al-Rehab
1.5000408096637
Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
1.5000408096637
Wondrous Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5000408096637
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
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Fleur de Lune Jacques Zolty
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Fawakeh Shirley May
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Evolution Musk DSH Perfumes
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It`s Candy Time Mel Merio
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Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
1.5
Rabea Elomer Al-Rehab
1.5
Nima Al Haramain Perfumes
1.5
Black Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.5
Arabian Musk Arabian Oud
1.5
Gold Lily Shanghai Tang
1.5
Musk Al Arab Nabeel
1.5
Amber Musk Shiara
1.5
Clean Musk Harvey Prince
1.5
Oscuro MONOM
1.5
Black Musk - Musk KL Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
Musk Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
Myski Arabian Oud
1.5
Shuhaiyah Syed Junaid Alam
1.5
Nude Moderne AetherArtsPerfume
1.5
Oriental Musk Mel Merio
1.5
Patchouli Spirit Of Musk Teufels Kuche
1.5
Safwat Al Musk Lattafa Perfumes
1.5
Admiral Russian Character Apple Parfums
1.5
Sheer Musk Ava Luxe
1.5
Synthesized Lotus Root Malin+Goetz
1.5
Pink Musk Al-Jazeera Perfumes
1.5
Six Scents 2 Bernhard Willhelm: Wicken 3000 Six Scents
1.4999591903363
Wild Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.4999591903363
Musk Al Sheikh Al-Rehab
1.4999591903363
Musk Al Khaleej Arabian Oud
1.4999591903363
Antebellum West Third Brand
1.4999591903363
White Musk The Merchant of Venice
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Musc Elixir Precieux Christian Dior
1.4995200812929
Narciso Rodriguez For Her Narciso Rodriguez
1.495630101208
Wild Musk Coty
1.4890190617042
Clair de Musc Serge Lutens
1.4885776356513
Musk Jovan
1.486611812602
Bergamask Orto Parisi
1.4837456092067
Skin Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.4808249298074
L`orpheline Serge Lutens

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