Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: MUSK, AMBER, ANIMALIC SMELLS

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Musk Perfumes

1.511524724769
Clean Skin Clean
1.5071062999374
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5055598512464
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5054862108325
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5050811885563
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5039029419345
White Musk Montale
1.5026878751059
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5025405942781
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5020251113811
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.5020251113811
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5019882911742
Silent St. Derek Lam 10 Crosby
1.5018778305534
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5017305497257
Black Musk Jovan
1.5014728082772
Egyptian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5013623476564
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.5012150668287
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5012150668287
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5012150668287
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5011782466217
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.5011414264148
Werewolf Lumberjack Smell Bent
1.5011414264148
Define Next
1.501067786001
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.501030965794
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5009573253802
Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
1.5008836849663
Musc Solinotes
1.5008836849663
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5008468647594
Khalis Musk (Pure Musk) Lattafa Perfumes
1.5008468647594
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008100445525
Clean Lather Clean
1.5008100445525
Cristal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.5007364041386
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5007364041386
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5006995839317
Musk Tahara Arabian Oud
1.5006627637247
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5006259435178
Commando Smell Bent
1.5006259435178
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006259435178
Moschus Love Fever Sophie Nerval
1.5005891233109
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.5005891233109
Musk C.O.Bigelow
1.5005891233109
Oud & Musc Cartier
1.5005523031039
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5005523031039
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.500515482897
Musk For a Perfect Walk Zara
1.500515482897
G7 Mixed Gap
1.500515482897
Musk Mazzolari
1.500515482897
CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
1.5004786626901
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5004786626901
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5004786626901
Magnetic Blend 7 Initio Parfums Prives
1.5004050222762
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5004050222762
Gold Lily Shanghai Tang
1.5003682020693
Floral Bouquet For a Sunset in The Market Zara
1.5003682020693
Guapo Al-Rehab
1.5003682020693
Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
1.5003682020693
Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.5003313818624
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5003313818624
Eaudesalpes Mora & Almizcle (HIDRATANTE) IVR Swiss Group
1.5003313818624
06 Clean Musk Fred Segal
1.5003313818624
Musc Blanc Nejma
1.5002945616554
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.5002945616554
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002945616554
Musk Al Ghazal Al-Rehab
1.5002577414485
Gant Summer Gant
1.5002577414485
Rue Royale Hové Parfumeur, Ltd.
1.5002577414485
Wilderness Avon
1.5002577414485
Water Goddess Kuumba Made
1.5002577414485
Dehn al Oudh Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5002577414485
White Musk Musk Collection
1.5002209212416
Agua de Almiscar Companhia da Terra
1.5002209212416
$ D.S. & Durga
1.5002209212416
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5001841010346
Divine Goddess Musk Alkemia Perfumes
1.5001841010346
Disclosure Adventure Sapil
1.5001841010346
America Musk Milton Lloyd
1.5001841010346
Silver Musk Syed Junaid Alam
1.5001841010346
Batch No. 46 Abercrombie & Fitch
1.5001841010346
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5001841010346
Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001841010346
Imperial Asiatic Musk Abdul Karim Al Faransi
1.5001841010346
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5001841010346
Vice Ajmal
1.5001841010346
Night Musk Avon
1.5001841010346
No. XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
1.5001472808277
Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
1.5001472808277
Black Musk N°12 The Master Perfumer
1.5001472808277
Jaathbia Collection White Musk Ajmal
1.5001472808277
Amazing Grace 20th Birthday Special Edition Philosophy
1.5001472808277
Myski Arabian Oud
1.5001472808277
Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001472808277
Pure Oil Of Musk Carolina Herrera
1.5001472808277
Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001472808277
Mukhallat Al Haram Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5001472808277
Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001104606208
Arabian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5001104606208
Ghair 1 Ajmal
1.5001104606208
Saltwater Portland General Store
1.5001104606208
Fascinator Hové Parfumeur, Ltd.
1.5001104606208
Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
1.5001104606208
Levitation White Gold Cuarzo The Circle
1.5001104606208
Musk Musk Collection
1.5001104606208
Musc Gold Bruno Acampora
1.5001104606208
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.5001104606208
Dynamo Sapil
1.5001104606208
Lomani White Lomani
1.5001104606208
Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
1.5001104606208
Supreme Modigliani
1.5001104606208
Ménage à Trois Zarkoperfume
1.5001104606208
Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
1.5001104606208
Respiro MONOM
1.5001104606208
Tristan Pierre Cardin
1.5000736404139
Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000736404139
♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
1.5000736404139
Musk Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5000736404139
Pearl Al Battash Concepts
1.5000736404139
Black Musk Pino Silvestre
1.5000736404139
Eau de Noir Bourbon French Parfums
1.5000736404139
Amber Musk Shiara
1.5000736404139
Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
1.5000736404139
Durrat Al Khaleej Reehat Al Atoor
1.5000736404139
Yujin Ectasy Ella Mikao
1.5000736404139
Icon Musk Oil Ga-De
1.5000736404139
Taiga DayNa Decker
1.5000736404139
La Vie Nouvelle Bourbon French Parfums
1.5000736404139
Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
1.5000736404139
Cotone-muschio bianco Dr. Taffi
1.5000736404139
Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000736404139
Nike Urban Musk Nike
1.5000736404139
Musc Refan
1.5000736404139
Fetish: Toro Opus Oils
1.5000736404139
White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000368202069
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000368202069
Bouquet d'Amour Malicieuse Mariella Burani
1.5000368202069
Globos De Chicle Haught Parfums
1.5000368202069
Champion Al-Rehab
1.5000368202069
White Musk Nemat International
1.5000368202069
It`s Candy Time Mel Merio
1.5000368202069
Power Musk Oriflame
1.5000368202069
Six Scents 2 Bernhard Willhelm: Wicken 3000 Six Scents
1.5000368202069
Evolution Musk DSH Perfumes
1.5000368202069
Wind Heat The House of Oud
1.5000368202069
Brisas Sedução do Musk Eudora
1.5000368202069
Fawakeh Shirley May
1.5
After 9 Silver Emper
1.5
Tabu Red Heels Dana
1.5
Amalphia Paglieri
1.5
Leaders Number One Vlad Rekunov
1.5
Synthesized Lotus Root Malin+Goetz
1.5
Sexes Bomb Clubnichka Brocard
1.5
Black Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.5
Nima Al Haramain Perfumes

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