Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: MUSK, AMBER, ANIMALIC SMELLS

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Musk Perfumes

1.5101431980907
Clean Skin Clean
1.5069212410501
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5052903739061
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5050119331742
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5042163882259
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5035799522673
White Musk Montale
1.5023468575975
Over The Musk Thierry Mugler
1.5019888623707
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.5019888623707
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5019888623707
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5017899761337
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5017104216388
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.501630867144
Black Musk Jovan
1.5015115354018
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.5012330946698
Define Next
1.5012330946698
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5011933174224
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.501153540175
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.501153540175
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.501153540175
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5011137629276
Werewolf Lumberjack Smell Bent
1.5009546539379
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.5008750994431
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008750994431
Musc Solinotes
1.5008750994431
Cristal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.5008353221957
Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
1.5007955449483
Clean Lather Clean
1.5007557677009
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5007557677009
Musk Tahara Arabian Oud
1.5007159904535
Sexy Sparkle Hot Berry Victoria`s Secret
1.500676213206
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006364359586
Commando Smell Bent
1.5006364359586
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5005966587112
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5005568814638
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5005568814638
Musk C.O.Bigelow
1.5005568814638
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5005568814638
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5005171042164
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.5005171042164
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5005171042164
G7 Mixed Gap
1.5004375497216
Moschus Love Fever Sophie Nerval
1.5004375497216
Oud & Musc Cartier
1.5004375497216
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5003977724741
Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
1.5003977724741
CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
1.5003977724741
Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.5003579952267
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5003579952267
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5003579952267
Musk Urbar Royal Crown
1.5003182179793
Musk Mazzolari
1.5003182179793
Musc Blanc Nejma
1.5003182179793
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5003182179793
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.5002784407319
Eaudesalpes Mora & Almizcle (HIDRATANTE) IVR Swiss Group
1.5002784407319
Khalis Musk (Pure Musk) Lattafa Perfumes
1.5002784407319
Gant Summer Gant
1.5002386634845
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5002386634845
Agua de Almiscar Companhia da Terra
1.5002386634845
360 For Men Arabian Oud
1.5002386634845
$ D.S. & Durga
1.5002386634845
Dehn al Oudh Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5001988862371
Vice Ajmal
1.5001988862371
Disclosure Adventure Sapil
1.5001988862371
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5001988862371
Silver Musk Syed Junaid Alam
1.5001591089897
Heavenly Luxe Edition Victoria`s Secret
1.5001591089897
Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001591089897
Mukhallat Al Haram Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5001591089897
Guapo Al-Rehab
1.5001591089897
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5001591089897
Pink Nancy Sapil
1.5001193317422
SPF Forever Free Woman Springfield
1.5001193317422
Musk Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5001193317422
Saltwater Portland General Store
1.5001193317422
Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
1.5001193317422
Ghair 1 Ajmal
1.5001193317422
Dynamo Sapil
1.5001193317422
Tristan Pierre Cardin
1.5001193317422
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.5001193317422
Power Musk Oriflame
1.5001193317422
Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
1.5001193317422
Respiro MONOM
1.5001193317422
Supreme Modigliani
1.5000795544948
Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
1.5000795544948
Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
1.5000795544948
Fetish: Toro Opus Oils
1.5000795544948
Taiga DayNa Decker
1.5000795544948
White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000795544948
Pure Oil Of Musk Carolina Herrera
1.5000795544948
Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000795544948
Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000795544948
Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
1.5000795544948
Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
1.5000795544948
Musc Refan
1.5000795544948
Yujin Ectasy Ella Mikao
1.5000795544948
Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000795544948
♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
1.5000795544948
Durrat Al Khaleej Reehat Al Atoor
1.5000795544948
Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000795544948
Cotone-muschio bianco Dr. Taffi
1.5000795544948
Musk Aswad Attar Asgharali
1.5000795544948
Nike Urban Musk Nike
1.5000795544948
Jaathbia Collection White Musk Ajmal
1.5000795544948
Musk Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5000397772474
Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
1.5000397772474
Champion Al-Rehab
1.5000397772474
XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
1.5000397772474
Laccio L`acqua Di Fiori
1.5000397772474
Victory Al-Rehab
1.5000397772474
Evolution Musk DSH Perfumes
1.5000397772474
Wondrous Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5000397772474
Amber Musk Shiara
1.5000397772474
Fawakeh Shirley May
1.5000397772474
It`s Candy Time Mel Merio
1.5000397772474
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5
Safwat Al Musk Lattafa Perfumes
1.5
Six Scents 2 Bernhard Willhelm: Wicken 3000 Six Scents
1.5
Sheer Musk Ava Luxe
1.5
Black Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.5
Musk Al Arab Nabeel
1.5
Synthesized Lotus Root Malin+Goetz
1.5
Admiral Russian Character Apple Parfums
1.5
Shuhaiyah Syed Junaid Alam
1.5
Pink Musk Al-Jazeera Perfumes
1.5
Nude Moderne AetherArtsPerfume
1.5
Oriental Musk Mel Merio
1.5
Nima Al Haramain Perfumes
1.5
Gold Lily Shanghai Tang
1.5
Oscuro MONOM
1.5
Rabea Elomer Al-Rehab
1.5
Black Musk - Musk KL Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
Arabian Musk Arabian Oud
1.5
Myski Arabian Oud
1.5
Clean Musk Harvey Prince
1.5
Patchouli Spirit Of Musk Teufels Kuche
1.4999602227526
Musk Al Khaleej Arabian Oud
1.4999602227526
Antebellum West Third Brand
1.4999602227526
White Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.4999602227526
Wild Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.4999602227526
Royal Cobra Shirley May
1.4999602227526
Musk Al Sheikh Al-Rehab
1.4998408910103
Musc Elixir Precieux Christian Dior
1.4983349061257
Narciso Rodriguez For Her Narciso Rodriguez
1.4960748512331
Musk Jovan
1.4949978480509
Black Musk Jovan
1.4932901217184
Wild Musk Coty
1.4905937724741
Blanc Al-Rehab
1.4800795544948
Male Supreme Roberta Andrade
1.4784887812251
L`orpheline Serge Lutens

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