Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: Animal Sources

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perfumes and Colognes With Musk

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Wild Musk Coty
1.5067081704551
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5062255682641
Clean Skin Clean
1.5046812412528
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5032816948989
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5019786689832
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5017373678877
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5017373678877
Black Musk Jovan
1.5015443270112
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.5013995463539
Lazy Sunday Morning Maison Martin Margiela
1.5013512861348
E HRH Princess Elizabeth
1.5012547656966
Fuel for Life Summer Diesel
1.5012547656966
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5012547656966
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5011582452584
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5011582452584
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5010617248202
Define Next
1.5010617248202
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5010134646011
Summer Mania Eau Fraiche pour Femme Giorgio Armani
1.5010134646011
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.500965204382
Lumberjack Werewolf Smell Bent
1.500965204382
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.500965204382
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5009169441629
Clean Lather Clean
1.5008686839438
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008686839438
Sexy Sparkle Hot Berry Victoria`s Secret
1.5008204237247
Illusions Impulse
1.5008204237247
Seductive Musk Oriflame
1.5008204237247
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5007721635056
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.5007239032865
De Tout Coeur Fragonard
1.5007239032865
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5007239032865
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5006756430674
Snow, Glass, Apple Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5006756430674
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5006273828483
Solinotes Musc Arno Sorel
1.5005791226292
White Goldskin Ramon Molvizar
1.5005308624101
Commando Smell Bent
1.5005308624101
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5005308624101
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
1.500482602191
Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
1.500482602191
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.500482602191
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5004343419719
Musk C.O.Bigelow
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Musk Urbar Royal Crown
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LOMUSK Santi Burgas
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$ DS & Durga
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BHPC Classic for men Air-Val International
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Fae Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5003378215337
Gant Summer Gant
1.5003378215337
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.5003378215337
Clin D`oeil Porte Bonheur Bourjois
1.5003378215337
Les Bijoux Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002895613146
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5002895613146
Witchblade Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002895613146
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5002413010955
Musk Mazzolari
1.5002413010955
Celine Sensual Summer Celine
1.5002413010955
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002413010955
Bathsheba Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002413010955
Vice Ajmal
1.5002413010955
Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
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Bien Loin d'ici Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001930408764
Sara Pezzini Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001930408764
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001930408764
Black Pearl Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001930408764
Whoso List To Hunt Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001930408764
Eau de Frohliche No.2 Erik Kormann
1.5001930408764
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5001930408764
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5001447806573
Saltwater Portland General Store
1.5001447806573
Endymion Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Musk Al Haramain Perfumes
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Stable Demeter Fragrance
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Tentación de Rosas Victorio & Lucchino
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Tristan Pierre Cardin
1.5001447806573
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5001447806573
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5001447806573
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.5001447806573
Rajamusk Illuminum
1.5001447806573
Charlie White Musk Revlon
1.5001447806573
Flowerbomb Swarovski Edition Viktor&Rolf
1.5000965204382
Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
1.5000965204382
Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Male Supreme Roberta Andrade
1.5000965204382
АRТ Ekspresija (ART Expression) Dzintars
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CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
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The Temptation Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Taiga DayNa Decker
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Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
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Musc Refan
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♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
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Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
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Wondrous Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
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Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000482602191
Bora Bora Exotic for Men Liz Claiborne
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Jacomo Oud for Men Jacomo
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Al Khulood Asgharali
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Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
1.5
Sultan Desire Queen B
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Musk Al Sheikh Al-Rehab
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Amber Musk Shiara
1.5
I`m Fio Deep Coral Pupa
1.5
XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
1.5
1538 Rheims DS & Durga
1.5
Dragon's Heart Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Red Carpet Attitude Nicole Lola Mood Parfums
1.5
Spring Vetiver 40 Notes Perfume
1.5
Shuhaiyah Syed Junaid Alam
1.5
Blu Light Fever Byblos
1.5
Gleam Johan B
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Musc Elixir Precieux Dior
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Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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s.Oliver City Beach Woman s.Oliver
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Sheer Musk Ava Luxe
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Musk Al Ghazal Al-Rehab
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Paris CDG The Scent of Departure
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Amour Mandarine Parfums et Senteurs du Pays Basque
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Love Pulse Avon
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Clair de Musc Serge Lutens
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Narciso Rodriguez For Her Narciso Rodriguez
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Musk Jovan
1.4800052482023
Skin Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.4785992113315
Heaven Gap
1.4784540408764
Ladon Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Libertine Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.4762382602191
Vanilla Musk Al-Rehab
1.4760896649776
Baby Grace Philosophy
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Black Musk Jovan
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Trish McEvoy 3 Snowdrop & Crystal Flowers Trish McEvoy
1.4597485613146
Sed Non Satiata Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Moattar Dhab Syed Junaid Alam
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Amber Jalaine
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Talco Delicato Il Profumi di Firenze
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Narciso Rodriguez for Him Musk Narciso Rodriguez
1.4503860817528
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.4485173010955
Hint of Musk Impulse
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Crystal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
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Seplasia Bruno Acampora
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Ambre Chinoise Des Filles a la Vanille
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Trish McEvoy 11 White Iris Trish McEvoy
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Salome Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Stiletto Nicole Amy Fragrances
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Soft Musk Avon
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Vison Noir Robert Beaulieu
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Narciso Rodriguez For Him Eau de Parfum Intense Narciso Rodriguez
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Yacht Man Metal Myrurgia
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Zara Silver Zara
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Gone But Not Phoenicia Perfumes

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