Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: Animal Sources

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perfumes and Colognes With Musk

1.5097883938646
Wild Musk Coty
1.5065805390236
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5061934484928
Clean Skin Clean
1.5047418590023
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5032902695118
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5019838389703
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5017419073886
Black Musk Jovan
1.5017419073886
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5015483621232
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.5014032031741
Lazy Sunday Morning Maison Martin Margiela
1.5013548168578
E HRH Princess Elizabeth
1.5012580442251
Fuel for Life Summer Diesel
1.5012580442251
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5012580442251
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5011612715924
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5011612715924
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5010644989597
Define Next
1.5010644989597
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5010161126433
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5010161126433
Summer Mania Eau Fraiche pour Femme Giorgio Armani
1.500967726327
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.500967726327
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.500967726327
Lumberjack Werewolf Smell Bent
1.5009193400106
Clean Lather Clean
1.5008709536943
Sexy Sparkle Hot Berry Victoria`s Secret
1.5008709536943
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008225673779
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008225673779
Illusions Impulse
1.5008225673779
Seductive Musk Oriflame
1.5007741810616
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.5007257947452
De Tout Coeur Fragonard
1.5007257947452
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5006774084289
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5006774084289
Snow, Glass, Apple Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5006290221125
Solinotes Musc Arno Sorel
1.5006290221125
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5005806357962
White Goldskin Ramon Molvizar
1.5005322494798
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5005322494798
Commando Smell Bent
1.5005322494798
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5004838631635
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.5004838631635
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5004838631635
Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
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Musk C.O.Bigelow
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Musk Urbar Royal Crown
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$ DS & Durga
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LOMUSK Santi Burgas
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Les Bijoux Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Benetton White Night Man Benetton
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Gant Summer Gant
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Fae Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5003387042144
Clin D`oeil Porte Bonheur Bourjois
1.5003387042144
BHPC Classic for men Air-Val International
1.5002903178981
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5002903178981
Witchblade Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002903178981
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5002419315817
Celine Sensual Summer Celine
1.5002419315817
Bien Loin d'ici Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002419315817
Musk Mazzolari
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Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.5002419315817
Vice Ajmal
1.5002419315817
Bathsheba Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002419315817
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001935452654
Eau de Frohliche No.2 Erik Kormann
1.5001935452654
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5001935452654
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001935452654
Sara Pezzini Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001935452654
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5001935452654
Black Pearl Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001935452654
Whoso List To Hunt Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.500145158949
Tentación de Rosas Victorio & Lucchino
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Stable Demeter Fragrance
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Flowerbomb Swarovski Edition Viktor&Rolf
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Musk Al Haramain Perfumes
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Tristan Pierre Cardin
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Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
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Charlie White Musk Revlon
1.500145158949
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.500145158949
Endymion Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.500145158949
Rajamusk Illuminum
1.500145158949
Saltwater Portland General Store
1.500145158949
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5000967726327
Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Male Supreme Roberta Andrade
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The Temptation Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Musc Refan
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CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
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Taiga DayNa Decker
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Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
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♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
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Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
1.5000967726327
АRТ Ekspresija (ART Expression) Dzintars
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Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
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Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000483863163
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000483863163
Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
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Wondrous Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5000483863163
Jacomo Oud for Men Jacomo
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Bora Bora Exotic for Men Liz Claiborne
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Al Khulood Asgharali
1.5
I`m Fio Deep Coral Pupa
1.5
Shuhaiyah Syed Junaid Alam
1.5
Blu Light Fever Byblos
1.5
1538 Rheims DS & Durga
1.5
Sultan Desire Queen B
1.5
Musk Al Sheikh Al-Rehab
1.5
XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
1.5
Gleam Johan B
1.5
Spring Vetiver 40 Notes Perfume
1.5
Dragon's Heart Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5
Amber Musk Shiara
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Red Carpet Attitude Nicole Lola Mood Parfums
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Paris CDG The Scent of Departure
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Musk Al Ghazal Al-Rehab
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Amour Mandarine Parfums et Senteurs du Pays Basque
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Musc Elixir Precieux Dior
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s.Oliver City Beach Woman s.Oliver
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Love Pulse Avon
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Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Sheer Musk Ava Luxe
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Clair de Musc Serge Lutens
1.495292245367
Narciso Rodriguez For Her Narciso Rodriguez
1.4917961423042
Musk Jovan
1.4800813759133
Skin Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.478617243238
Heaven Gap
1.4784545452654
Ladon Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.4762383863163
Vanilla Musk Al-Rehab
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Libertine Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.4761040400639
Baby Grace Philosophy
1.4709838831954
Black Musk Jovan
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Trish McEvoy 3 Snowdrop & Crystal Flowers Trish McEvoy
1.4597493178981
Sed Non Satiata Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.454690158949
Amber Jalaine
1.4537842031741
Talco Delicato Il Profumi di Firenze
1.4530731802874
Narciso Rodriguez for Him Musk Narciso Rodriguez
1.4503387042144
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.4485663178981
Hint of Musk Impulse
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Crystal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.4449278631635
Seplasia Bruno Acampora
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Ambre Chinoise Des Filles a la Vanille
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Trish McEvoy 11 White Iris Trish McEvoy
1.4443956136837
Salome Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.4418050221125
Stiletto Nicole Amy Fragrances
1.4346837380365
Soft Musk Avon
1.4302161347559
Vison Noir Robert Beaulieu
1.4301903095757
Narciso Rodriguez For Him Eau de Parfum Intense Narciso Rodriguez
1.429683885276
Yacht Man Metal Myrurgia
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Zara Silver Zara
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Gone But Not Phoenicia Perfumes
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Banafsaj Night Oil Syed Junaid Alam

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