Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: Animal Sources

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perfumes and Colognes With Musk

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Clean Skin Clean
1.5069559316283
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5047079781143
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5042838359418
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5033507231624
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5031810662934
Black Musk Jovan
1.5022903677313
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5021730888154
Wild Musk Coty
1.5019934682105
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5019086397761
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.5018238113416
Over The Musk Thierry Mugler
1.5015269118208
Black Musk Jovan
1.5014420833864
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5012300123001
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.5011451838656
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5011451838656
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5011451838656
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5011451838656
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5011451838656
Fuel for Life Summer Diesel
1.5010603554311
Define Next
1.5010603554311
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5009755269966
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.5009331127794
Summer Mania Eau Fraiche pour Femme Giorgio Armani
1.5009331127794
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5009331127794
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5009331127794
Cristal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.5009331127794
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.5008058701277
Illusions Impulse
1.5008058701277
Clean Lather Clean
1.5008058701277
Sexy Sparkle Hot Berry Victoria`s Secret
1.5007634559104
Commando Smell Bent
1.5007210416932
Lilac Vegetal Pinaud Clubman
1.5006786274759
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5006786274759
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5006362132587
De Tout Coeur Fragonard
1.5006362132587
Musc Solinotes
1.5006362132587
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.5005937990414
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5005937990414
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5005513848242
Addison Hollister
1.5005513848242
Musk Bettina Barty
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Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
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Snow, Glass, Apple Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
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Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
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G7 Mixed Gap
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Vanilla Musk Al-Rehab
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Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
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Musk C.O.Bigelow
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Musk Urbar Royal Crown
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Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
1.5003817279552
Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.500339313738
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.500339313738
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.500339313738
$ D.S. & Durga
1.5002968995207
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5002968995207
Gant Summer Gant
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XX Very Nice Mexx
1.5002544853035
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
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Dehn al Oudh Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
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Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5002544853035
Black Pearl Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002544853035
Les Bijoux Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002544853035
Musc Blanc Nejma
1.5002120710862
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
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Musk Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
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CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
1.5002120710862
Nike Fission Nike
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Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002120710862
Vice Ajmal
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Oud & Musc Cartier
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Witchblade Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.500169656869
Endymion Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Tentación de Rosas Victorio & Lucchino
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Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
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Mukhallat Al Haram Majid Muzaffar Iterji
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Sara Pezzini Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.500169656869
Bathsheba Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.500169656869
Whoso List To Hunt Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.500169656869
Charlie White Musk Revlon
1.5001272426517
Libertine Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Al Khulood Asgharali
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Bien Loin d'ici Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Pavo Lily Lambert
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Cotone-muschio bianco Dr. Taffi
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Saltwater Portland General Store
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Wujood Syed Junaid Alam
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Disclosure Adventure Sapil
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White Satin Fine Fragrances & Cosmetics
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Dynamo Sapil
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Kalemat Musk Arabian Oud
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Old Spice Musk Shulton Company
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Tristan Pierre Cardin
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Sunshine Kiss Avon
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Aigner No 1 Platinum Etienne Aigner
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АRТ Ekspresija (ART Expression) Dzintars
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Alf Zahra Al-Rehab
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Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
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Ladon Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Aperotos Eros Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Bora Bora Exotic for Men Liz Claiborne
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Power Musk Oriflame
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Jaathbia Collection White Musk Ajmal
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Guapo Al-Rehab
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Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
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Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
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Pure Oil Of Musk Carolina Herrera
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Rosa Turca Nishane
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Male Supreme Roberta Andrade
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♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
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Unzipped Universe Perfumer`s Workshop
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Al Fairooz Asgharali
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Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
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Musc Refan
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Taiga DayNa Decker
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XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
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Amour Mandarine Parfums et Senteurs du Pays Basque
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The Temptation Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Fetish: Toro Opus Oils
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Evolution Musk DSH Perfumes
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Victory Al-Rehab
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Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
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Fawakeh Shirley May
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Blu Light Fever Byblos
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It`s Candy Time Mel Merio
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Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
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Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
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Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Wondrous Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
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Dragon's Heart Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Pink Nancy Sapil
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Varens Musc Ulric de Varens
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Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
1.5
Nude Moderne AetherArtsPerfume
1.5
Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
1.5
Black Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.5
Spring Vetiver 40 Notes Perfume
1.5
Rising Sun Mel Merio
1.5
Pink Musk Al-Jazeera Perfumes
1.5
Amber Musk Shiara
1.5
Hinlay Orchide Lorelyane
1.5
Musk Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
Black Musk - Musk KL Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
Tigger Winnie The Pooh
1.5
Synthesized Lotus Root Malin+Goetz
1.5
Clean Musk Harvey Prince
1.5
Shuhaiyah Syed Junaid Alam
1.5
Musk Al Sheikh Al-Rehab
1.5
Musk Al Ghazal Al-Rehab

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