Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: MUSK, AMBER, ANIMALIC SMELLS

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Musk Perfumes

1.5114399309853
Clean Skin Clean
1.5073140542365
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5055886875961
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5054011477439
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5048760361577
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5039008289261
White Musk Montale
1.5026255579311
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5024755260493
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5020629383744
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5020629383744
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.5019129064926
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5018003825813
Silent St. Derek Lam 10 Crosby
1.50168785867
Black Musk Jovan
1.5014253028769
Egyptian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5013877949064
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.5012377630246
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5012002550542
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.5011627470838
Define Next
1.5011627470838
Werewolf Lumberjack Smell Bent
1.5011627470838
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5011627470838
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5010877311429
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.5009752072315
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5009752072315
Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
1.5009001912906
Musc Solinotes
1.5009001912906
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5008626833202
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008251753498
Clean Lather Clean
1.5008251753498
Cristal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.5007876673793
Khalis Musk (Pure Musk) Lattafa Perfumes
1.5007501594089
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5007126514384
Musk Tahara Arabian Oud
1.5007126514384
Commando Smell Bent
1.500675143468
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006376354975
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006001275271
Oud & Musc Cartier
1.5006001275271
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.5006001275271
Musk C.O.Bigelow
1.5005626195567
Musk For a Perfect Walk Zara
1.5005626195567
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5005626195567
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5005626195567
Moschus Love Fever Sophie Nerval
1.5005626195567
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5005251115862
G7 Mixed Gap
1.5005251115862
Musk Mazzolari
1.5004876036158
CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
1.5004500956453
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5004125876749
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5003750797044
Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
1.5003750797044
Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.500337571734
06 Clean Musk Fred Segal
1.500337571734
Eaudesalpes Mora & Almizcle (HIDRATANTE) IVR Swiss Group
1.500337571734
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.500337571734
Musc Blanc Nejma
1.500337571734
Magnetic Blend 7 Initio Parfums Prives
1.5003000637635
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.5003000637635
Floral Bouquet For a Sunset in The Market Zara
1.5003000637635
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5003000637635
Guapo Al-Rehab
1.5003000637635
Musk Al Ghazal Al-Rehab
1.5002625557931
Gant Summer Gant
1.5002625557931
Rue Royale Hové Parfumeur, Ltd.
1.5002250478227
Agua de Almiscar Companhia da Terra
1.5002250478227
$ D.S. & Durga
1.5002250478227
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5001875398522
Divine Goddess Musk Alkemia Perfumes
1.5001875398522
Disclosure Adventure Sapil
1.5001875398522
Dehn al Oudh Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5001875398522
Gold Lily Shanghai Tang
1.5001875398522
Wilderness Avon
1.5001875398522
No. XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
1.5001875398522
Vice Ajmal
1.5001875398522
White Musk Musk Collection
1.5001875398522
America Musk Milton Lloyd
1.5001875398522
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5001875398522
Silver Musk Syed Junaid Alam
1.5001500318818
Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
1.5001500318818
Mukhallat Al Haram Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5001500318818
Amazing Grace 20th Birthday Special Edition Philosophy
1.5001500318818
Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001500318818
Pure Oil Of Musk Carolina Herrera
1.5001500318818
Black Musk N°12 The Master Perfumer
1.5001500318818
Irinia Bvlgari
1.5001500318818
Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001500318818
Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001125239113
Dynamo Sapil
1.5001125239113
Musc Gold Bruno Acampora
1.5001125239113
Respiro MONOM
1.5001125239113
Imperial Asiatic Musk Abdul Karim Al Faransi
1.5001125239113
Musk Musk Collection
1.5001125239113
Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
1.5001125239113
Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001125239113
Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
1.5001125239113
Levitation White Gold Cuarzo The Circle
1.5001125239113
Saltwater Portland General Store
1.5001125239113
Fascinator Hové Parfumeur, Ltd.
1.5001125239113
Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
1.5001125239113
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5001125239113
Ménage à Trois Zarkoperfume
1.5001125239113
Tristan Pierre Cardin
1.5001125239113
Arabian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5001125239113
Ghair 1 Ajmal
1.5001125239113
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.5001125239113
Supreme Modigliani
1.5000750159409
Cotone-muschio bianco Dr. Taffi
1.5000750159409
Musk Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5000750159409
Icon Musk Oil Ga-De
1.5000750159409
♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
1.5000750159409
Amber Musk Shiara
1.5000750159409
Taiga DayNa Decker
1.5000750159409
Yujin Ectasy Ella Mikao
1.5000750159409
Fetish: Toro Opus Oils
1.5000750159409
Durrat Al Khaleej Reehat Al Atoor
1.5000750159409
Power Musk Oriflame
1.5000750159409
Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
1.5000750159409
Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000750159409
Nike Urban Musk Nike
1.5000750159409
Pearl Al Battash Concepts
1.5000750159409
Musc Refan
1.5000750159409
Jaathbia Collection White Musk Ajmal
1.5000750159409
White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000750159409
Black Musk Pino Silvestre
1.5000750159409
Myski Arabian Oud
1.5000750159409
Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000750159409
Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
1.5000375079704
Six Scents 2 Bernhard Willhelm: Wicken 3000 Six Scents
1.5000375079704
It`s Candy Time Mel Merio
1.5000375079704
Laccio L`acqua Di Fiori
1.5000375079704
Globos De Chicle Haught Parfums
1.5000375079704
Evolution Musk DSH Perfumes
1.5000375079704
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000375079704
Fawakeh Shirley May
1.5000375079704
Brisas Sedução do Musk Eudora
1.5000375079704
Lomani White Lomani
1.5000375079704
Champion Al-Rehab
1.5000375079704
Bouquet d'Amour Malicieuse Mariella Burani
1.5
Midnight Frost Avon
1.5
Sexes Bomb Clubnichka Brocard
1.5
Eau de Noir Bourbon French Parfums
1.5
Arabian Musk Arabian Oud
1.5
After 9 Silver Emper
1.5
Leaders Number One Vlad Rekunov
1.5
Oscuro MONOM
1.5
Black Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.5
Sheer Musk Ava Luxe
1.5
Musc YanFroloff Perfumer
1.5
Musk Al Khaleej Arabian Oud
1.5
Black Musk - Musk KL Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
Clean Musk Harvey Prince
1.5
Shuhaiyah Syed Junaid Alam

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