Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: Animal Sources

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perfumes and Colognes With Musk

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Clean Skin Clean
1.5067668512172
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5046577027858
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5037788909394
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5032955444239
Black Musk Jovan
1.5032307914579
Wild Musk Coty
1.5027682573161
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5021091484313
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5019773266544
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.501933386062
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5015379207312
Black Musk Jovan
1.5012742771773
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5012303365849
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5011863959926
Over The Musk Thierry Mugler
1.5011863959926
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5011863959926
Fuel for Life Summer Diesel
1.5011863959926
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5011424554003
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.5011424554003
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.501098514808
Define Next
1.5010106336233
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.500966693031
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.500966693031
Summer Mania Eau Fraiche pour Femme Giorgio Armani
1.5009227524387
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5008348712541
Illusions Impulse
1.5008348712541
Clean Lather Clean
1.5007909306617
Commando Smell Bent
1.5007909306617
Sexy Sparkle Hot Berry Victoria`s Secret
1.5007469900694
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.5007469900694
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.5007030494771
Musc Solinotes
1.5007030494771
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
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De Tout Coeur Fragonard
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Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
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Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
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Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5005712277001
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5005712277001
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5005272871078
Snow, Glass, Apple Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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G7 Mixed Gap
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Musk C.O.Bigelow
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Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
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Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
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L`orpheline Serge Lutens
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Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
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Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
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Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
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Musk Urbar Royal Crown
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Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
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Vanilla Musk Al-Rehab
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Lilac Vegetal Pinaud Clubman
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Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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BHPC Classic for men Air-Val International
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$ D.S. & Durga
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Gant Summer Gant
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XX Very Nice Mexx
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Benetton White Night Man Benetton
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Les Bijoux Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Clin D`oeil Porte Bonheur Bourjois
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Black Pearl Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Huemul Fueguia 1833
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Musc Blanc Nejma
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Vice Ajmal
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Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
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Witchblade Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Fae Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Nike Fission Nike
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Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
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Endymion Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
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Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
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Whoso List To Hunt Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Body Language House of Matriarch
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Tentación de Rosas Victorio & Lucchino
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Sara Pezzini Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
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Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Musk Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
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Bathsheba Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Bien Loin d'ici Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Pavo Lily Lambert
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Old Spice Musk Shulton Company
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Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
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Disclosure Adventure Sapil
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Dynamo Sapil
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Libertine Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Al Khulood Asgharali
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Tristan Pierre Cardin
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Wujood Syed Junaid Alam
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Saltwater Portland General Store
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Guapo Al-Rehab
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Alf Zahra Al-Rehab
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♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
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Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
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Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
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Musc Refan
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XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
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АRТ Ekspresija (ART Expression) Dzintars
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Aperotos Eros Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Taiga DayNa Decker
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Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
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Ladon Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Male Supreme Roberta Andrade
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Charlie White Musk Revlon
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Al Fairooz Asgharali
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White Satin Fine Fragrances & Cosmetics
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Pink Nancy Sapil
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Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
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Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
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Bora Bora Exotic for Men Liz Claiborne
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Montmartre Morph
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Blu Light Fever Byblos
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Wondrous Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
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Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
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Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Victory Al-Rehab
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Musk Al Ghazal Al-Rehab
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Varens Musc Ulric de Varens
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Fawakeh Shirley May
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Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
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The Temptation Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5
Red Carpet Attitude Nicole Lola Mood Parfums
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Gleam Johan B
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Synthesized Lotus Root Malin+Goetz
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Sultan Desire Queen B
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Hinlay Orchide Lorelyane
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Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
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Spring Vetiver 40 Notes Perfume
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Amber Musk Shiara
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Emotion Essence Weil
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Nude Moderne AetherArtsPerfume
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Black Musk The Merchant of Venice
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I`m Fio Deep Coral Pupa
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Musk Al Sheikh Al-Rehab
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Kalemat Musk Arabian Oud
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Pink Musk Al-Jazeera Perfumes
1.5
Shuhaiyah Syed Junaid Alam
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Dragon's Heart Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Fresh Musk Al-Jazeera Perfumes
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Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Amour Mandarine Parfums et Senteurs du Pays Basque
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s.Oliver City Beach Woman s.Oliver
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Sheer Musk Ava Luxe
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Love Pulse Avon
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Antebellum West Third Brand
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Paris CDG The Scent of Departure
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Musc Elixir Precieux Christian Dior
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Musk Jovan
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Narciso Rodriguez For Her Narciso Rodriguez

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