Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: MUSK, AMBER, ANIMALIC SMELLS

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Musk Perfumes

1.510377209596
Clean Skin Clean
1.5069049873737
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5053661616162
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.505247790404
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5041429924242
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5037484217172
White Musk Montale
1.5026041666667
Over The Musk Thierry Mugler
1.5020517676768
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.5019728535354
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5019728535354
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5018939393939
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5018544823232
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5016966540404
Black Musk Jovan
1.501617739899
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.5012231691919
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.5012231691919
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5012231691919
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5012231691919
Define Next
1.5011837121212
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5011047979798
Werewolf Lumberjack Smell Bent
1.5010258838384
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.5010258838384
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.500946969697
Musc Solinotes
1.5009075126263
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008680555556
Cristal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.5008285984848
Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
1.5007891414141
Sakura Olympic Orchids Artisan Perfumes
1.5007891414141
Clean Lather Clean
1.5007496843434
Musk Tahara Arabian Oud
1.5007496843434
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5007102272727
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.500670770202
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006313131313
Commando Smell Bent
1.5005918560606
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5005523989899
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5005523989899
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5005523989899
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5005523989899
Musk C.O.Bigelow
1.5005129419192
G7 Mixed Gap
1.5005129419192
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5005129419192
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.5004734848485
Oud & Musc Cartier
1.5004734848485
CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
1.5004340277778
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5004340277778
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5004340277778
Moschus Love Fever Sophie Nerval
1.5003945707071
Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.5003945707071
Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
1.5003551136364
Musk Urbar Royal Crown
1.5003551136364
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5003156565657
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.5003156565657
Musk Mazzolari
1.5003156565657
Khalis Musk (Pure Musk) Lattafa Perfumes
1.5003156565657
Musc Blanc Nejma
1.5003156565657
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002761994949
Gant Summer Gant
1.5002761994949
Guapo Al-Rehab
1.5002761994949
Eaudesalpes Mora & Almizcle (HIDRATANTE) IVR Swiss Group
1.5002367424242
$ D.S. & Durga
1.5002367424242
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5002367424242
Agua de Almiscar Companhia da Terra
1.5002367424242
360 For Men Arabian Oud
1.5002367424242
Dehn al Oudh Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5001972853535
Vice Ajmal
1.5001972853535
Silver Musk Syed Junaid Alam
1.5001972853535
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5001972853535
Disclosure Adventure Sapil
1.5001578282828
Mukhallat Al Haram Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5001578282828
Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001578282828
Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
1.5001578282828
Pink Nancy Sapil
1.5001578282828
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5001578282828
Heavenly Luxe Edition Victoria`s Secret
1.5001183712121
Musk Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5001183712121
Dynamo Sapil
1.5001183712121
Supreme Modigliani
1.5001183712121
Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
1.5001183712121
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.5001183712121
SPF Forever Free Woman Springfield
1.5001183712121
Musk Aswad Attar Asgharali
1.5001183712121
Ghair 1 Ajmal
1.5001183712121
Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
1.5001183712121
Respiro MONOM
1.5001183712121
Power Musk Oriflame
1.5001183712121
Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
1.5001183712121
Tristan Pierre Cardin
1.5001183712121
Saltwater Portland General Store
1.5000789141414
Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
1.5000789141414
Musc Refan
1.5000789141414
Musk Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5000789141414
Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000789141414
Cotone-muschio bianco Dr. Taffi
1.5000789141414
Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000789141414
Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000789141414
Yujin Ectasy Ella Mikao
1.5000789141414
Jaathbia Collection White Musk Ajmal
1.5000789141414
Taiga DayNa Decker
1.5000789141414
Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000789141414
♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
1.5000789141414
Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
1.5000789141414
Nike Urban Musk Nike
1.5000789141414
Fetish: Toro Opus Oils
1.5000789141414
Durrat Al Khaleej Reehat Al Atoor
1.5000789141414
White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000789141414
Pure Oil Of Musk Carolina Herrera
1.5000394570707
Victory Al-Rehab
1.5000394570707
Bouquet d'Amour Malicieuse Mariella Burani
1.5000394570707
Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
1.5000394570707
XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
1.5000394570707
Champion Al-Rehab
1.5000394570707
Wondrous Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5000394570707
It`s Candy Time Mel Merio
1.5000394570707
Amber Musk Shiara
1.5000394570707
Fawakeh Shirley May
1.5000394570707
Evolution Musk DSH Perfumes
1.5000394570707
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000394570707
Laccio L`acqua Di Fiori
1.5
Gold Lily Shanghai Tang
1.5
Shuhaiyah Syed Junaid Alam
1.5
Admiral Russian Character Apple Parfums
1.5
Musk Al Arab Nabeel
1.5
Synthesized Lotus Root Malin+Goetz
1.5
Sheer Musk Ava Luxe
1.5
Six Scents 2 Bernhard Willhelm: Wicken 3000 Six Scents
1.5
Patchouli Spirit Of Musk Teufels Kuche
1.5
Oriental Musk Mel Merio
1.5
Black Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.5
Pink Musk Al-Jazeera Perfumes
1.5
Myski Arabian Oud
1.5
Pearl of Sea La Mer
1.5
Arabian Musk Arabian Oud
1.5
Nude Moderne AetherArtsPerfume
1.5
Oscuro MONOM
1.5
Clean Musk Harvey Prince
1.5
Safwat Al Musk Lattafa Perfumes
1.5
Nima Al Haramain Perfumes
1.5
Rabea Elomer Al-Rehab
1.5
Black Musk - Musk KL Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
Musk Al Sheikh Al-Rehab
1.4999605429293
Musk Al Khaleej Arabian Oud
1.4999605429293
Wild Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.4999605429293
White Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.4999605429293
Antebellum West Third Brand
1.4999605429293
Royal Cobra Shirley May
1.4999210858586
Musc Elixir Precieux Christian Dior
1.4981763964646
Narciso Rodriguez For Her Narciso Rodriguez
1.49611525
Musk Jovan
1.4950126515152
Black Musk Jovan
1.4932018282828
Wild Musk Coty
1.4906300277778
Blanc Al-Rehab

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