Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: MUSK, AMBER, ANIMALIC SMELLS

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Musk Perfumes

1.5110763768284
Clean Skin Clean
1.5071398247848
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.505403110648
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.505403110648
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5044382694608
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5038593647486
White Musk Montale
1.5029717108564
Over The Musk Thierry Mugler
1.5023156188491
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5020068696693
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5020068696693
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5019682760218
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.5019682760218
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5016595268419
Black Musk Jovan
1.5015437458994
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.501273590367
Egyptian Musk Kuumba Made
1.501273590367
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5012349967195
Silent St. Derek Lam 10 Crosby
1.5011964030721
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5011964030721
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5011964030721
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.5011964030721
Define Next
1.5011192157771
Werewolf Lumberjack Smell Bent
1.5010420284821
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.5009648411871
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5009262475397
Musc Solinotes
1.5008876538922
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008490602447
Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
1.5008490602447
Cristal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.5008490602447
Sakura Olympic Orchids Artisan Perfumes
1.5007718729497
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5007718729497
Clean Lather Clean
1.5007332793022
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5007332793022
Musk Tahara Arabian Oud
1.5006946856547
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006560920073
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006174983598
Commando Smell Bent
1.5005789047123
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5005789047123
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.5005789047123
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5005403110648
G7 Mixed Gap
1.5005403110648
Musk C.O.Bigelow
1.5005403110648
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5005403110648
Musk For a Perfect Walk Zara
1.5005403110648
Khalis Musk (Pure Musk) Lattafa Perfumes
1.5005017174173
Moschus Love Fever Sophie Nerval
1.5005017174173
CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
1.5005017174173
Metal Hurlant Pierre Guillaume Croisiere Collection
1.5005017174173
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5004631237698
Oud & Musc Cartier
1.5004631237698
Musk Mazzolari
1.5004245301223
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5004245301223
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5003859364749
Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.5003859364749
Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
1.5003473428274
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5003473428274
06 Clean Musk Fred Segal
1.5003473428274
Magnetic Blend 7 Initio Parfums Prives
1.5003473428274
Eaudesalpes Mora & Almizcle (HIDRATANTE) IVR Swiss Group
1.5003087491799
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5003087491799
Musc Blanc Nejma
1.5003087491799
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.5002701555324
Gant Summer Gant
1.5002701555324
Floral Bouquet For a Sunset in The Market Zara
1.5002315618849
Agua de Almiscar Companhia da Terra
1.5002315618849
$ D.S. & Durga
1.5002315618849
360 For Men Arabian Oud
1.5002315618849
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5001929682374
Musk Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5001929682374
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5001929682374
Vice Ajmal
1.5001929682374
Dehn al Oudh Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5001929682374
Irinia Bvlgari
1.5001929682374
Silver Musk Syed Junaid Alam
1.5001929682374
Disclosure Adventure Sapil
1.5001929682374
Guapo Al-Rehab
1.5001543745899
Heavenly Luxe Edition Victoria`s Secret
1.5001543745899
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5001543745899
Pink Nancy Sapil
1.5001543745899
White Musk Musk Collection
1.5001543745899
Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
1.5001543745899
Mukhallat Al Haram Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5001543745899
Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001157809425
Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
1.5001157809425
Supreme Modigliani
1.5001157809425
Respiro MONOM
1.5001157809425
Arabian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5001157809425
Levitation White Gold Cuarzo The Circle
1.5001157809425
Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
1.5001157809425
No. XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
1.5001157809425
Saltwater Portland General Store
1.5001157809425
Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001157809425
Ghair 1 Ajmal
1.5001157809425
Dynamo Sapil
1.5001157809425
Tristan Pierre Cardin
1.5001157809425
Musc Gold Bruno Acampora
1.5001157809425
Power Musk Oriflame
1.5001157809425
SPF Forever Free Woman Springfield
1.5001157809425
Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
1.5001157809425
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.500077187295
Icon Musk Oil Ga-De
1.500077187295
Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.500077187295
Nike Urban Musk Nike
1.500077187295
Ménage à Trois Zarkoperfume
1.500077187295
White Musk Arabian Oud
1.500077187295
Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
1.500077187295
Cotone-muschio bianco Dr. Taffi
1.500077187295
Musc Refan
1.500077187295
Gold Lily Shanghai Tang
1.500077187295
Amber Musk Shiara
1.500077187295
Yujin Ectasy Ella Mikao
1.500077187295
Taiga DayNa Decker
1.500077187295
Le Secret d'Arielle Mauboussin
1.500077187295
Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
1.500077187295
Jaathbia Collection White Musk Ajmal
1.500077187295
Durrat Al Khaleej Reehat Al Atoor
1.500077187295
Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.500077187295
Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
1.500077187295
Pearl Al Battash Concepts
1.500077187295
♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
1.500077187295
Amazing Grace 20th Birthday Special Edition Philosophy
1.500077187295
Musk Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.500077187295
Fetish: Toro Opus Oils
1.500077187295
Myski Arabian Oud
1.500077187295
Pure Oil Of Musk Carolina Herrera
1.500077187295
Musk Musk Collection
1.5000385936475
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000385936475
Black Musk N°12 The Master Perfumer
1.5000385936475
Wondrous Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5000385936475
Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
1.5000385936475
Laccio L`acqua Di Fiori
1.5000385936475
Fawakeh Shirley May
1.5000385936475
Bouquet d'Amour Malicieuse Mariella Burani
1.5000385936475
Evolution Musk DSH Perfumes
1.5000385936475
Musk Al Khaleej Arabian Oud
1.5000385936475
It`s Candy Time Mel Merio
1.5000385936475
Champion Al-Rehab
1.5
Sheer Musk Ava Luxe
1.5
Pearl of Sea La Mer
1.5
Arabian Musk Arabian Oud
1.5
Original White Musk Zuma
1.5
Vanille Jardin Bourbon French Parfums
1.5
Oscuro MONOM
1.5
Brise Marine Luxury Perfumes
1.5
Black Musk - Musk KL Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5
BPC Musk Brooklyn Perfume Company
1.5
Oriental Musk Mel Merio
1.5
Nude Moderne Aether Arts Perfume
1.5
Jadiss Glam Ésika
1.5
Black Musk The Merchant of Venice
1.5
After 9 Silver Emper

Advertisement

Advertisement

Popular brands and perfumes: