Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: MUSK, AMBER, ANIMALIC SMELLS

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Musk Perfumes

1.510693731529
Clean Skin Clean
1.5071550785503
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5052885363198
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5052885363198
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5041608337222
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5039275159434
White Musk Montale
1.5028386996422
Over The Musk Thierry Mugler
1.5021387463058
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5020220874164
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.5020220874164
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5019832011199
Royall Muske Royall Fragrances
1.5019832011199
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5016721107482
Black Musk Jovan
1.5015554518588
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.5013610203764
Egyptian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5012832477835
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.5012054751905
Define Next
1.5012054751905
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.5012054751905
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.5011665888941
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.5010888163011
Werewolf Lumberjack Smell Bent
1.5010110437082
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5009721574117
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.5009332711153
Musc Solinotes
1.5009332711153
Silent St. Derek Lam 10 Crosby
1.5008943848188
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5008554985223
Sakura Olympic Orchids Artisan Perfumes
1.5008554985223
Cristal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.5008166122259
Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
1.5007777259294
Clean Lather Clean
1.5007777259294
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5007388396329
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5007388396329
Musk Tahara Arabian Oud
1.5006999533364
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.50066106704
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006221807435
Commando Smell Bent
1.500583294447
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.500583294447
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.500583294447
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5005444081506
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5005444081506
Musk C.O.Bigelow
1.5005444081506
G7 Mixed Gap
1.5005055218541
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5005055218541
Musk For a Perfect Walk Zara
1.5005055218541
CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
1.5005055218541
Moschus Love Fever Sophie Nerval
1.5005055218541
Khalis Musk (Pure Musk) Lattafa Perfumes
1.5004666355576
Oud & Musc Cartier
1.5004277492612
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5004277492612
Metal Hurlant Pierre Guillaume Croisiere Collection
1.5004277492612
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5003888629647
Air de Fio No 2 Pupa
1.5003888629647
Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.5003499766682
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5003110903718
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.5003110903718
Musk Mazzolari
1.5003110903718
Musc Blanc Nejma
1.5003110903718
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002722040753
Gant Summer Gant
1.5002722040753
Floral Bouquet For a Sunset in The Market Zara
1.5002722040753
Eaudesalpes Mora & Almizcle (HIDRATANTE) IVR Swiss Group
1.5002722040753
Musk for Men Avon
1.5002722040753
Magnetic Blend 7 Initio Parfums Prives
1.5002722040753
06 Clean Musk Fred Segal
1.5002333177788
Dehn al Oudh Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5002333177788
$ D.S. & Durga
1.5002333177788
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5002333177788
360 For Men Arabian Oud
1.5002333177788
Agua de Almiscar Companhia da Terra
1.5001944314823
Vice Ajmal
1.5001944314823
Guapo Al-Rehab
1.5001944314823
Disclosure Adventure Sapil
1.5001944314823
Silver Musk Syed Junaid Alam
1.5001944314823
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5001555451859
Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001555451859
White Musk Musk Collection
1.5001555451859
Mukhallat Al Haram Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5001555451859
Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
1.5001555451859
Heavenly Luxe Edition Victoria`s Secret
1.5001555451859
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5001555451859
Pink Nancy Sapil
1.5001166588894
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.5001166588894
Dynamo Sapil
1.5001166588894
Arabian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5001166588894
No. XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
1.5001166588894
Tristan Pierre Cardin
1.5001166588894
Irinia Bvlgari
1.5001166588894
Supreme Modigliani
1.5001166588894
Ghair 1 Ajmal
1.5001166588894
Musc Gold Bruno Acampora
1.5001166588894
Respiro MONOM
1.5001166588894
SPF Forever Free Woman Springfield
1.5001166588894
Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
1.5001166588894
Power Musk Oriflame
1.5001166588894
Musk Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5001166588894
Levitation White Gold Cuarzo The Circle
1.5001166588894
Saltwater Portland General Store
1.5001166588894
Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
1.5001166588894
Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
1.5000777725929
Icon Musk Oil Ga-De
1.5000777725929
Jaathbia Collection White Musk Ajmal
1.5000777725929
Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
1.5000777725929
Pearl Al Battash Concepts
1.5000777725929
Cotone-muschio bianco Dr. Taffi
1.5000777725929
Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000777725929
Musc Refan
1.5000777725929
Pure Oil Of Musk Carolina Herrera
1.5000777725929
Amazing Grace 20th Birthday Special Edition Philosophy
1.5000777725929
White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000777725929
Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000777725929
Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000777725929
Nike Urban Musk Nike
1.5000777725929
Fetish: Toro Opus Oils
1.5000777725929
Taiga DayNa Decker
1.5000777725929
Le Secret d'Arielle Mauboussin
1.5000777725929
Yujin Ectasy Ella Mikao
1.5000777725929
Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
1.5000777725929
♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
1.5000777725929
Ménage à Trois Zarkoperfume
1.5000777725929
Musk Musk Collection
1.5000777725929
Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000777725929
Musk Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5000777725929
Durrat Al Khaleej Reehat Al Atoor
1.5000777725929
Gold Lily Shanghai Tang
1.5000777725929
A Dream Of Red Mansions 醉芍药 RE CLASSIFIED RE调香室
1.5000388862965
It`s Candy Time Mel Merio
1.5000388862965
Evolution Musk DSH Perfumes
1.5000388862965
Wondrous Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5000388862965
Bouquet d'Amour Malicieuse Mariella Burani
1.5000388862965
Champion Al-Rehab
1.5000388862965
Musk Gold Ermenegildo Zegna
1.5000388862965
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5000388862965
Laccio L`acqua Di Fiori
1.5000388862965
Amber Musk Shiara
1.5000388862965
Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
1.5000388862965
Fawakeh Shirley May
1.5
Musk Hayati Arabesque Perfumes
1.5
Oriental Musk Mel Merio
1.5
Musk An Aura of Purity Khalis
1.5
Private Collection Vicini
1.5
Al Janaan Ajmal
1.5
Teen Skin G Parfums
1.5
Nude Moderne Aether Arts Perfume
1.5
Victory Al-Rehab
1.5
Shuhaiyah Syed Junaid Alam
1.5
More e Musk Aquolina
1.5
Rabea Elomer Al-Rehab
1.5
Patchouli Spirit Of Musk Teufels Kuche
1.5
Pearl of Sea La Mer
1.5
L'Eau de Riô Avenida Atlântica L`Eau de Riô

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