Tonka Bean

lat. Dipterix Odorata

Group: Spices

Tonka Bean Dipterix Odorata
Tonka Bean Dipterix Odorata
Tonka Bean Dipterix Odorata
Odor profile: Very popular note coming from the Dipteryx odorata seeds where the principle aromatic constituent at a ration of 1-3% i coumarin (the scent of new mown hay with a bittersweet almond facet).

Tonka Bean is one of the most common ingredients in perfumery. These black, wrinkled seeds of the Dipteryx odorata (often mentioned as "cumaru" or "kumaru") are also found in numerous other products such as soaps or tobacco, where they are used to improve aroma. Cumaru belongs to the Fabriceae family of plants and it is native to South America. Therefore, some of the world’s largest producers are countries of this region including Brazil, Venezuela and Guyana. The name “Tonka” originates from Galibi language, native to population of French Guyana. The Galibi word tonqua or tonquin translates to “bean”.



In the Pagan and Occult tradition, Tonka bean is believed to have magical properties. Mages believe that crushed Tonka beans brewed in herbal tea may help to cure soul, relieve symptoms of depression and confusion, chase away negative thoughts and boost the immune system. It is also believed that holding the bean in one hand, while whispering a wish, leads to its fulfillment.
 

The journey of Tonka bean to the heart of perfumery begins in 1793, when the cumaru fruit was first introduced to French people. The plant was cultivated and grown as a tropical tree with beautiful purple flowers, each containing one bean. Black Tonka beans, distinguished by their wrinkled surface, are dark brown from the inside and they spread characteristic vanilla-like flavor that reminds of the scent of cinnamon, saffron, almond and cloves. The beans are also commonly used as a replacement for vanilla and their olfactory impression has a powdery-sweet effect with intensive balmy, warm, gourmand and intoxicating character.



Tonka bean belongs to oriental category of perfumery notes. It shares some of the common characteristics with tobacco and amber, and goes well with patchouli, sandalwood, rose, lemon peel and lavender.


Tonka bean absolute is obtained by soaking Tonka beans in rum and letting them sit anywhere from 12 to 24 hours. The beans are then dried to let the white crystals of coumarin appear on the surface. These powdery icy crystals are known to intensify aromas of essential oil during extraction. Coumarin was first discovered in 1868, and marked with a Latin name – Dipteric Coumarou. This is the substance responsible for pleasant smell of the bean, even though it has a darker side. Coumarin is very bitter to taste, signaling that larger doses of Tonka beans may provoke serious liver damage, and even be fatal. The beans are forbidden for eating in the USA, even though numerous old recipes still list coumarin aromas for sauces, cakes and ice-creams. Nowadays, natural coumarin has been completely replaced by synthetic one.
 

Compositions for women that contain sweet, balmy and gourmand aromas of Tonka are: Lolita Lempicka - Lolita and L, Thierry Mugler - Angel, Givenchy - Ange ou Demon, Dior Addict, Chopard Cashmir, La Prairie - Silver Rain, as well as many others, while the editions for men containing Tonka are: Thierry Mugler- A*men, Dior Fahrenheit, Jean Paul Gaultier - Le Male, YSL - L'Homme, Givenchy - Pi, Lolita Lempicka - Au Masculin etc.

Photos: joana hard, mecredis


   Author: Sandra Raicevic Petrovic
                 (sandrina_bambina)

   Fragrantica Executive Editor, Writer and Designer
 

 

 



 

Perfumes and Colognes With Tonka Bean

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Flowering Tonka Demeter Fragrance
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Adventure Adidas
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Cuba Brazil Cuba Paris
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Lancetti Mood Man Lancetti
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Teyf Ajmal
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Bogner Man Limited Edition Bogner
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Roll-On Perfume No. 10 Melange Perfume
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Annika Annika Sorenstam
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Tim McGraw Soul2Soul Vintage Tim McGraw
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Whisky Vintage Evaflor
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Encens Fève Tonka Fragonard
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Curve Connect for Men Liz Claiborne
1.3911463333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3754240882103
Divine Issime Ulric de Varens
1.3717796828763
Amour Liquide Memoire Liquide
1.369693264631
Satisfaction for Men Jovan
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Replay Intense for Her Replay
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Le Parfum du 68 Extrait Le Passeur du Temps Guerlain
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Saison 1 Entre Filles
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Dior Addict Dior
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Hoggar Yves Rocher
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Autograph Noire Marks and Spencer
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Twilight Lush
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New Yorker for Him New Yorker
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Commando Smell Bent
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Bianco di Carrara Salvatore Ferragamo
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Malafemmena Mansfield
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iLove Pimkie
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Aloha Khaltat
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Saison 4 Rose Edition Entre Filles
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Pour Femme Madonna Nudes 1979
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Fleur de Noel Yves Rocher
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Patchouli Love Ulric de Varens
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Ode a L'amour Tendrement Yves Rocher
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Vanillary Lush
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Amber Chocolate La Via del Profumo
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Allure Homme Sport Eau Extreme Chanel
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Bois Secret Evody Parfums
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Guerlain Le Parfum du 68 Guerlain
1.3115230228065
Eau de Lavande Annick Goutal
1.3109774105174
Ralph Lauren Big Pony 2 for Women Ralph Lauren
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Esprit Horizon Men Esprit
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Freedom Police
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Fourreau Noir Serge Lutens
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CK One Red Edition for Him Calvin Klein
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Perfect Man Bella Bellissima
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Adidas Extreme Power Adidas
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Far Away Bella Avon
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Escada Collection 2001 Escada
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Givenchy Play Intense Givenchy
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Aral Un des Sens Catherine Lara
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Anjali Reminiscence
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Roberto Cavalli Eau de Parfum Roberto Cavalli
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Lolita Lempicka Lolita Lempicka
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Tonka Imperiale Guerlain
1.2782492091226
Varens Kiss Ulric de Varens
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Eau de Iceberg Sandalwood Iceberg
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Coco Chanel
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L`Eau Par Kenzo Eau Indigo Pour Femme Kenzo
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Linda Miami Sunset O Boticario
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Cashmere & Musk Strenesse
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Neo Woman Gattinoni
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Bogart Pour Homme Jacques Bogart
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Les Naturelles: Patchouli Fragonard
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Varens essentiel Ambre Mysterieux Ulric de Varens
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Rose Absolue Yves Rocher
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Terra di Siena Il Profumi di Firenze
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Collezione Privata Viaggio d`Africa Pal Zileri
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Peety O`Driu
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Heat Ultimate Elixir Beyonce
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Intimately Beckham Night for Men David & Victoria Beckham
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Messages Mariella Burani
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L'Homme Yves Saint Laurent
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Identite for Men Rene Lezard
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Burberry Brit Burberry
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Powder Flowers Montale
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Le Male Jean Paul Gaultier
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F by Ferragamo Black Salvatore Ferragamo
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Tobacco Vanille Tom Ford
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Allure Homme Sport Chanel
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Ange ou Demon Givenchy
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Yo! Vanilla Ice Oriflame
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Urban Legend Sebastiane
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Zara Woman Rose Gold Zara
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Autograph Eclectic Collections
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Perle de Silences Jacomo
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Diversity Mexx
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The World Esscentual Alchemy
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Ellen Ellen Tracy
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Baba Patch Boheme Chic
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The Voice of Reason Lush
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Rose Absolue Eau de Toilette Fraiche Yves Rocher
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Geisha Noire Aroma M
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Midnight in Paris Van Cleef & Arpels
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Rose Jam Lush
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Hermessence Vetiver Tonka Hermes
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Jasmin Noir Bvlgari
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Nikos Nikos
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Sea Ranch Yosh
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Shalimar Guerlain
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Intimately Yours Men David & Victoria Beckham
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Knightsbridge Robert Piguet
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Perry Ellis m Perry Ellis
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Miyabi Man Annayake
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Intenso Tonino Lamborghini
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Indian Summer Red Priscilla Presley
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Shanghai Marks and Spencer
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Panama Woman Panama 1924
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Tonka Esteban
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Art Collection by Jacomo #02 Jacomo
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Mystery Naomi Campbell
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Oud Save The Queen Atkinsons
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Armani Code Ultimate Giorgio Armani
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Lapidus Pour Homme Black Extreme Ted Lapidus
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Shalimar Parfum Initial Guerlain
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So Elixir Yves Rocher
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Gant Silver Gant
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Y-3 Black Label Yohji Yamamoto
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4H for Her Alyssa Ashley
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Eau de Romarin Galimard
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Accroche-Coeur Galimard
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Royal Heroes 1805 Washington Tremlett
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Chypre Nobile 1942
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Candy Dream Ulric de Varens
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Solo Loewe Pop Loewe
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Vanille Patchouli Laurence Dumont
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Pure Black Mandarina Duck
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Utopia Ajmal
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Versace Pour Homme Versace
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Eau de Nuit Giorgio Armani
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Fahrenheit Dior
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Dareej Men Rasasi
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Together Her Oriflame
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Jammin Reminiscence
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Desert Fragonard
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Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
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McGraw Tim McGraw
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Shades of Dusk Royal Jasmine Joya

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