Tonka Bean

lat. Dipterix Odorata

Group: Spices

Tonka Bean Dipterix Odorata
Tonka Bean Dipterix Odorata
Tonka Bean Dipterix Odorata
Odor profile: Very popular note coming from the Dipteryx odorata seeds where the principle aromatic constituent at a ration of 1-3% i coumarin (the scent of new mown hay with a bittersweet almond facet).

Tonka Bean is one of the most common ingredients in perfumery. These black, wrinkled seeds of the Dipteryx odorata (often mentioned as "cumaru" or "kumaru") are also found in numerous other products such as soaps or tobacco, where they are used to improve aroma. Cumaru belongs to the Fabriceae family of plants and it is native to South America. Therefore, some of the world’s largest producers are countries of this region including Brazil, Venezuela and Guyana. The name “Tonka” originates from Galibi language, native to population of French Guyana. The Galibi word tonqua or tonquin translates to “bean”.



In the Pagan and Occult tradition, Tonka bean is believed to have magical properties. Mages believe that crushed Tonka beans brewed in herbal tea may help to cure soul, relieve symptoms of depression and confusion, chase away negative thoughts and boost the immune system. It is also believed that holding the bean in one hand, while whispering a wish, leads to its fulfillment.
 

The journey of Tonka bean to the heart of perfumery begins in 1793, when the cumaru fruit was first introduced to French people. The plant was cultivated and grown as a tropical tree with beautiful purple flowers, each containing one bean. Black Tonka beans, distinguished by their wrinkled surface, are dark brown from the inside and they spread characteristic vanilla-like flavor that reminds of the scent of cinnamon, saffron, almond and cloves. The beans are also commonly used as a replacement for vanilla and their olfactory impression has a powdery-sweet effect with intensive balmy, warm, gourmand and intoxicating character.



Tonka bean belongs to oriental category of perfumery notes. It shares some of the common characteristics with tobacco and amber, and goes well with patchouli, sandalwood, rose, lemon peel and lavender.


Tonka bean absolute is obtained by soaking Tonka beans in rum and letting them sit anywhere from 12 to 24 hours. The beans are then dried to let the white crystals of coumarin appear on the surface. These powdery icy crystals are known to intensify aromas of essential oil during extraction. Coumarin was first discovered in 1868, and marked with a Latin name – Dipteric Coumarou. This is the substance responsible for pleasant smell of the bean, even though it has a darker side. Coumarin is very bitter to taste, signaling that larger doses of Tonka beans may provoke serious liver damage, and even be fatal. The beans are forbidden for eating in the USA, even though numerous old recipes still list coumarin aromas for sauces, cakes and ice-creams. Nowadays, natural coumarin has been completely replaced by synthetic one.
 

Compositions for women that contain sweet, balmy and gourmand aromas of Tonka are: Lolita Lempicka - Lolita and L, Thierry Mugler - Angel, Givenchy - Ange ou Demon, Dior Addict, Chopard Cashmir, La Prairie - Silver Rain, as well as many others, while the editions for men containing Tonka are: Thierry Mugler- A*men, Dior Fahrenheit, Jean Paul Gaultier - Le Male, YSL - L'Homme, Givenchy - Pi, Lolita Lempicka - Au Masculin etc.

Photos: joana hard, mecredis


   Author: Sandra Raicevic Petrovic
                 (sandrina_bambina)

   Fragrantica Executive Editor, Writer and Designer
 

 

 



 

Perfumes and Colognes With Tonka Bean

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Flowering Tonka Demeter Fragrance
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Adventure Adidas
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Tim McGraw Soul2Soul Vintage Tim McGraw
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Cuba Brazil Cuba Paris
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Lancetti Mood Man Lancetti
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Bogner Man Limited Edition Bogner
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Teyf Ajmal
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Roll-On Perfume No. 10 Melange Perfume
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Annika Annika Sorenstam
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Peety O`Driu
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Pour Femme Madonna Nudes 1979
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Encens Fève Tonka Fragonard
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Whisky Vintage Evaflor
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Hot! Fragrances Blue Ulric de Varens
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Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
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Curve Connect for Men Liz Claiborne
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Divine Issime Ulric de Varens
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Amour Liquide Memoire Liquide
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Satisfaction for Men Jovan
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Bois Secret Evody Parfums
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Replay Intense for Her Replay
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Le Parfum du 68 Extrait Le Passeur du Temps Guerlain
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Saison 1 Entre Filles
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Dior Addict Dior
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Autograph Noire Marks and Spencer
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Commando Smell Bent
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New Yorker for Him New Yorker
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Malafemmena Mansfield
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iLove Pimkie
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Saison 4 Rose Edition Entre Filles
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Rose Jam Lush
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Fleur de Noel Yves Rocher
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Hoggar Yves Rocher
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Patchouli Love Ulric de Varens
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Ode a L'amour Tendrement Yves Rocher
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Guerlain Le Parfum du 68 Guerlain
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Twilight Lush
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Vanillary Lush
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Far Away Bella Avon
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Allure Homme Sport Eau Extreme Chanel
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Les Naturelles: Patchouli Fragonard
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Ralph Lauren Big Pony 2 for Women Ralph Lauren
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Freedom Police
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Urban Legend Sebastiane
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Perfect Man Bella Bellissima
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Fourreau Noir Serge Lutens
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Escada Collection 2001 Escada
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Adidas Extreme Power Adidas
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CK One Red Edition for Him Calvin Klein
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Aral Un des Sens Catherine Lara
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Anjali Reminiscence
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Heat Ultimate Elixir Beyonce
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Tonka Imperiale Guerlain
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Givenchy Play Intense Givenchy
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Roberto Cavalli Eau de Parfum Roberto Cavalli
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Lolita Lempicka Lolita Lempicka
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Varens Kiss Ulric de Varens
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Eau de Iceberg Sandalwood Iceberg
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L`Eau Par Kenzo Eau Indigo Pour Femme Kenzo
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Coco Chanel
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Amber Chocolate La Via del Profumo
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Linda Miami Sunset O Boticario
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Cashmere & Musk Strenesse
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Ellen Ellen Tracy
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Bogart Pour Homme Jacques Bogart
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Varens essentiel Ambre Mysterieux Ulric de Varens
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Rose Absolue Yves Rocher
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Terra di Siena Il Profumi di Firenze
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L'Homme Yves Saint Laurent
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Esprit Horizon Men Esprit
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Intimately Beckham Night for Men David & Victoria Beckham
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Le Male Jean Paul Gaultier
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Ange ou Demon Givenchy
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Allure Homme Sport Chanel
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Geisha Noire Aroma M
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Black Sun Salvador Dali
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Autograph Eclectic Collections
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The World Esscentual Alchemy
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Armani Code Ultimate Giorgio Armani
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So Elixir Yves Rocher
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Gant Silver Gant
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Y-3 Black Label Yohji Yamamoto
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Accroche-Coeur Galimard
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Eau de Romarin Galimard
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Royal Heroes 1805 Washington Tremlett
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Manifesto Yves Saint Laurent
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Pure Black Mandarina Duck
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Unforgettable Christina Aguilera
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Intenso Tonino Lamborghini
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Lapidus Pour Homme Black Extreme Ted Lapidus
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Manoa Memo
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Utopia Ajmal
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Versace Pour Homme Versace
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Together Her Oriflame
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Dareej Men Rasasi
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Jammin Reminiscence
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Zara Woman Rose Gold Zara
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Fahrenheit Dior
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McGraw Tim McGraw
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Shades of Dusk Royal Jasmine Joya
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