Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: FLOWERS

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Ylang-Ylang Perfumes

1.5009361192241
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5002995581517
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002621133828
Eau de Cartier Essence de Paradis Cartier
1.5002246686138
Pure Love Oriflame
1.5001872238448
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5000748895379
Woman Basic Ariane Inden
1.5000748895379
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000748895379
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.500037444769
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.5
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.5
Afrodisiaco S.A.C.K.Y
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.4802246686138
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.4767224593724
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.4707377790759
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.466704444769
Zahira Bvlgari
1.464248555231
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4546198895379
Chypre Patyka
1.4286458895379
Anne of Avonlea Ravenscourt Apothecary
1.428571
Cuir Ylang Elie Saab
1.4284961104621
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4265726802966
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.4165154511346
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.413755555231
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.4121020029207
Ylang Florascent
1.409128444769
Avah Serge Normant
1.4029563085449
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.4008237849172
Bic Nuit Bic
1.4005616715345
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4001497790759
L'Élu Marquay
1.3903937790759
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.3875837819966
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.384615
Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
1.3831393401483
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3764713333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3750748895379
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.3750748895379
Nada Yas Yas Perfumes
1.375037444769
Moskovskiy Novaya Zarya
1.375
Giglio Dorato Bottega Verde
1.3668167790759
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.3642351163035
Yog Nog Lush
1.3637857790759
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.3598223489104
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
1.3584535669138
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3560427819966
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.3500720058414
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3471225990414
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.343787444769
Nuvola Farfalla
1.3335951133828
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.3335576686138
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.3335576686138
Jasmine Renee
1.3334078895379
Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
1.3334078895379
A Perfect Woman Lise London
1.3334078895379
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.333370444769
Mama Nina`s Nature
1.333333
Rumi Neil Morris
1.333333
Men Inside Bi-es
1.333333
Pia Fragrantia Secrets
1.333295555231
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3289714564517
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3271102238448
Chic Eudora
1.3245486686138
Hana Miya Shinma
1.3226272326069
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3207114506103
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3202246686138
Santalove Nishane
1.3174100029207
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.3126872238448
Cybele Fresh Line
1.3106820029207
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3090444506103
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.3078792238448
Coeur d'Ylang Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.307729444769
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.307729444769
White Edition Light Powdery Dr. Gritti
1.3071634506103
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3055418258069
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3039467790759
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.3021206773759
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.3014544768966
Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
1.3007171250655
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.300616555231
Dewmusk Montale
1.3004118924586
Jungle Lush
1.3001872238448
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3001123343069
No. XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
1.3000748895379
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.3
Chape 75 Bachs
1.3
Royal Garden Rose Alan Bray
1.299962555231
L de Loewe Eau de Toilette Loewe
1.2964832238448
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.2941928895379
Golden Woman La Rive
1.294118
Soleil Sunrise CIEL Parfum
1.2910724476897
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.2885126686138
Intriga No2 Dzintars
1.2859012238448
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.2858637790759
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.2858637790759
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.285714
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.2823595090242
Eau Moheli Diptyque
1.2794818924586
Tambourine Dreamer Pinrose
1.2791823343069
New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
1.2784894506103
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.2778903343069
Call Me Nabeel
1.2759743343069
Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
1.2743037304726
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.2732137819966
Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.2731388924586
Amande de Ble Acorelle
1.2730640029207
Ylang Ylang Nosy Be Extrait Perris Monte Carlo
1.2728767790759
Le Deuxieme Parfum Coolife
1.2728767790759
APOM Pour Femme Elixir Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.2728018895379
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.272727
Gelsomino del Deserto I Profumi di Firenze
1.2706161250655
Indra Ulric de Varens
1.2700529041414
Kisu Tann Rokka
1.269268444769
Floresta Amazonia Viva
1.2691243489104
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.2688378286527
Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.2682283401483
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.2669665581517
Fresh Sweet Peas Jo Loves
1.2667793343069
Jasmin Le Jardin Retrouve
1.266667
Divine Ylang Aimee de Mars Parfums
1.2664812267655
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.2656276686138
Solo Dzintars
1.2650055581517
Deux Amours Jean Patou
1.2643936773759
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.2640722455628
Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.263158
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.2620473401483
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.2609448895379
Il Mio Segreto Olibere Parfums
1.26087
Arabesque Gold Arabesque Perfumes
1.2600072248933
Lust Lush
1.2594462238448
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
1.2593338895379
Earth Natural Scent Apivita
1.2584910116828
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.2573461192241
Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
1.2552846744552
Talisman eau Transparente Balenciaga
1.2527522559724
White Musk Montale
1.2512731221448
Le Beau Parfum Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.2507488953793
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.2506365610724
World Of Your Own Grassroots
1.2506365610724
Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
1.2502621133828
Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
1.2501872238448
Natasha Novaya Zarya
1.2501497790759
La Reine Soleil Sabe Masson
1.2501123343069
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.2500748895379
Frangipani Lili Bermuda
1.250037444769
Lady Bozzini
1.250037444769
No 51 M. Micallef
1.250037444769
Zhirinovsky Red Zhirinovsky
1.25
Arome Musque Novaya Zarya
1.25
Sex Victorine
1.25
Sexy Julie Burk Perfumes

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