Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: FLOWERS

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Ylang-Ylang Perfumes

1.5007939343416
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5003175737367
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001984835854
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5001587868683
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.5001587868683
Pure Love Oriflame
1.5001190901512
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.5000793934342
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000396967171
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.5000396967171
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.4767069588345
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.4707467868683
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.4642463032829
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4546243934342
Chypre Patyka
1.454545
Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
1.428571
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.4284916065658
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4264290818149
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.4201092376245
Bic Nuit Bic
1.4121222704537
Aqua Floralis Ylang Florascent
1.4091306967171
Avah Serge Normant
1.4031485727045
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.4005160573221
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4002381803025
Jasmine Renee
1.3990582855782
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.3848134835854
White Tubereuse Eau de Toilette Reminiscence
1.3830278441904
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3759343333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3750793934342
Nada Yas Yas Perfumes
1.3750793934342
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.3719537868683
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.3715877868683
Chic Eudora
1.3668257868683
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.3641520573221
Yog Nog Lush
1.3637947868683
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.3637947868683
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.3584132949466
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3559132704537
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.3554876555516
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
1.3466700573221
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3461936967171
Nuvola Farfalla
1.3417779666548
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3344842047954
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3335711803025
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.3334520901512
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.3334123934342
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.3333726967171
Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
1.3333726967171
Mama Nina`s Nature
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Rumi Neil Morris
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Men Inside Bi-es
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Giglio Gentile Giardino Dei Sensi
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White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3332933032829
Lait de Figue Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.320992417927
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3205954507562
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3174302704537
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.3107419671708
Jungle Lush
1.3107022704537
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3101988441904
Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
1.3090872376245
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.3086853032829
Dewmusk Montale
1.3077316967171
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.307692
White Edition Light Powdery Dr. Gritti
1.3073475403914
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3059775409075
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.3045464835854
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3024427540391
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3000793934342
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.3000396967171
N° XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
1.2964944835854
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.2865476310587
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.2861506638879
Musc Ylang Ylang Parfums Berdoues
1.2859521803025
Tambourine Dreamer Pinrose
1.2859124835854
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.2858727868683
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.285714
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.2826486967171
Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
1.2814881803025
Intriga No2 Dzintars
1.2785322376245
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.2778970901512
Call Me Nabeel
1.2773757457028
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.2766732704537
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.2751107191457
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.2732430573221
Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.2731636638879
Amande de Ble Acorelle
1.2728857868683
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.2728857868683
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.2705081803025
Santalove Nishane
1.2692706967171
Floresta Amazonia Viva
1.2689745737367
Deux Amours Jean Patou
1.2668257868683
Solo Dzintars
1.266667
Divine Ylang Aimee de Mars Parfums
1.2664730573221
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.2660726812354
Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.2659028770196
Vanille Ylang Ylang Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.2658796222063
Eau Moheli Diptyque
1.2657348901592
Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.2657043934342
Jardin de Bali ID Parfums
1.2653843522687
Kisu Tann Rokka
1.2648636883808
Indra Ulric de Varens
1.2633405409075
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.263158
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.2614894236831
Lust Lush
1.261346360605
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
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Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.2607689916637
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.2605280244929
Talisman eau Transparente Balenciaga
1.2598987868683
Jasmin Ylang Mimosa Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.2594574835854
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
1.2593383934342
Earth Natural Scent Apivita
1.2585720818149
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.2555911308007
Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
1.2553983934342
ShaTha Arabian Oud
1.2553586967171
Sweetheart Bud Parfums
1.2532987123576
A Scent by Issey Miyake Eau de Parfum Florale Issey Miyake
1.2522930901512
New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
1.2507145409075
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.2506748441904
Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
1.2505954507562
Elle L'aime A La Folie Lolita Lempicka
1.2502381803025
Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
1.2501587868683
La Reine Soleil Le Soft Perfume
1.2501190901512
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.2500396967171
No 51 M. Micallef
1.25
Testardo Caraсte Pola
1.2476263277758
Lily Dior Christian Dior
1.2472516883808
Harvest 2008: Ange ou Demon Jasmin Sambac Givenchy
1.2462990979715
White Musk Montale
1.24513872121
Mini Flirt Ulric de Varens
1.2442719343416
Hajar Al Haramain Perfumes
1.2434473277758
Caron My Ylang (2013) Caron
1.2417362704537
Courage One Seed
1.2402778770196
Fresh Sweet Peas Jo Loves
1.2401419635584
Songes Annick Goutal
1.2384229916637
Les Parfums Mythiques - Le De Givenchy Givenchy
1.2383728770196
Fire Leo CnR Create
1.2382140901512
Nani Saffron James
1.2381346967171
Jasmin Le Jardin Retrouve
1.2375168441904
World Of Your Own Grassroots
1.2369610901512
Velvet Rose Anglia Perfumery
1.2363805971974
Beach Walk Maison Martin Margiela
1.2358736863165
Private Collection Amber Ylang Ylang Estée Lauder
1.2355514752491
Fleur de Peau Keiko Mecheri
1.2343651146441
Heliotrope Ylang Ylang Citron Korres
1.2335711803025
Lavanda Imperiale Santa Maria Novella
1.2322255727045
Endless Love Victoria`s Secret
1.2314438441904
Sheer Passion The Healing Garden
1.2313644507562
Doux Amour Spadaro Luxury Fragrances
1.2309674835854
Laitek Mai Yas Perfumes
1.2308483934342
Lady Dream Comely Dzintars

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