Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: FLOWERS

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Ylang-Ylang Perfumes

1.5007776352113
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5003110540845
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002332905634
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.5001944088028
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5001555270423
Pure Love Oriflame
1.5001166452817
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.5000777635211
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000388817606
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.5000388817606
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.5
Ylang Tabac Musc et Madame
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.4766719157043
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.4707435270423
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.466667
Zahira Bvlgari
1.4642471182394
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4546227635211
Chypre Patyka
1.454545
Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
1.4286876452817
Eau de Cartier Essence de Paradis Cartier
1.4284932364789
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4265552704226
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.4167058817606
Cybele Fresh Line
1.4147136262685
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.413793
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.4121149358451
Aqua Floralis Ylang Florascent
1.4091298817606
Avah Serge Normant
1.4022660212683
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.4007776352113
Bic Nuit Bic
1.4005054628874
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4002332905634
Jasmine Renee
1.3903995270423
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.3830917534508
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3758343333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3755054628874
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.3750777635211
Nada Yas Yas Perfumes
1.3750777635211
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.375
Royal Garden Rose Alan Bray
1.375
Anne of Avonlea Ravenscourt Apothecary
1.3668225270423
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.3642581081691
Yog Nog Lush
1.3637915270423
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.3637915270423
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.3584649798592
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3573374088028
White Tubereuse Eau de Toilette Reminiscence
1.3560225811268
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.3522810376764
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3462373245072
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
1.3437888817606
Nuvola Farfalla
1.3335662905634
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.3334885270423
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.3334107635211
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.3334107635211
A Perfect Woman Lise London
1.3333718817606
Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
1.3333718817606
Mama Nina`s Nature
1.3333718817606
Zhirinovsky Red Zhirinovsky
1.333333
Rumi Neil Morris
1.333333
Giglio Gentile Giardino Dei Sensi
1.333333
Pia Fragrantia Secrets
1.333333
Men Inside Bi-es
1.3332941182394
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3287913345775
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3255443446479
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3237622905634
Hana Miya Shinma
1.3226732163381
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3206609899296
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3201555270423
Chic Eudora
1.3174229358451
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.3106949358451
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3103016352113
Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
1.3092854088028
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3090717534508
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.3086861182394
Dewmusk Montale
1.3080212100004
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3077308817606
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.307692
White Edition Light Powdery Dr. Gritti
1.3071129899296
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3039525270423
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.3025592905634
Santalove Nishane
1.3003888176057
Jungle Lush
1.3001944088028
Natasha Novaya Zarya
1.3001944088028
Le Deuxieme Parfum Coolife
1.3001166452817
No. XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
1.3000777635211
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.3
Demon du Ciel CIEL Parfum
1.2999611182394
L de Loewe Eau de Toilette Loewe
1.2964904088028
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.2960657131693
Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
1.294118
Soleil Sunrise CIEL Parfum
1.2910868176057
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.2865305169719
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.2859084088028
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.2858695270423
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.285714
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.2832522905634
Intriga No2 Dzintars
1.2824083987325
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.2815078060578
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.2813666452817
New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
1.2785167534508
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.2778946452817
Call Me Nabeel
1.2777157433804
Indra Ulric de Varens
1.2773374427466
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.276123280493
Talisman eau Transparente Balenciaga
1.2732324628874
Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.2731558616198
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.2731546993662
Amande de Ble Acorelle
1.2728047635211
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.272727
Gelsomino del Deserto I Profumi di Firenze
1.2716721257047
Eau Moheli Diptyque
1.2709107635211
Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
1.2692698817606
Floresta Amazonia Viva
1.2689680540845
Deux Amours Jean Patou
1.2668901933201
Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.266667
Divine Ylang Aimee de Mars Parfums
1.2664624628874
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.265897172324
Vanille Ylang Ylang Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.2657027635211
Jardin de Bali ID Parfums
1.2654254427466
Kisu Tann Rokka
1.2649346692329
Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.263158
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.2630425270423
Solo Dzintars
1.2620386352113
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.2619390361989
Lust Lush
1.2612053345775
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.2594534088028
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
1.2593367635211
Earth Natural Scent Apivita
1.2585427433804
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.2571818817606
Il Mio Segreto Olibere Parfums
1.2553967635211
ShaTha Arabian Oud
1.2513877169019
A Scent by Issey Miyake Eau de Parfum Florale Issey Miyake
1.2508553987325
Elle L'aime A La Folie Lolita Lempicka
1.2506998716902
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.2506609899296
Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
1.2503110540845
Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
1.2501555270423
La Reine Soleil Sabe Masson
1.2501166452817
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.2500388817606
Lady Bozzini
1.2500388817606
No 51 M. Micallef
1.25
Sex Victorine
1.25
Testardo Caraсte Pola
1.25
Royal Jasmine Bohdidharma
1.2499611182394
Wild Orchid Luxury Perfumes
1.2485310578172
White Musk Montale
1.2476861622536
Lily Dior Christian Dior
1.2472021622536
Hajar Al Haramain Perfumes
1.245080280493
Mini Flirt Ulric de Varens
1.2449368817606
I Love Magic Dzintars
1.2439811633812
Beach Walk Maison Martin Margiela
1.2424013987325
Caron My Ylang (2013) Caron
1.2417289358451
Courage One Seed
1.241379
Saturday Al Haramain Perfumes

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