Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: FLOWERS

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Ylang-Ylang Perfumes

1.5009202002356
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5004048881037
Eau de Cartier Essence de Paradis Cartier
1.5002944640754
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002208480565
Pure Love Oriflame
1.5001840400471
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5000736160188
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.5000736160188
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000368080094
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.5000368080094
Woman Basic Ariane Inden
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.5
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.4802208480565
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.4767299764429
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.4707352320377
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.4642491919906
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4546554240283
Zahira Bvlgari
1.4546186160188
Chypre Patyka
1.4286446160188
Anne of Avonlea Ravenscourt Apothecary
1.428571
Cuir Ylang Elie Saab
1.4284973839812
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4266195524146
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.4168373474676
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.4137561919906
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.4120962720848
Ylang Florascent
1.4091278080094
Avah Serge Normant
1.4027869305065
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.4008097762073
Bic Nuit Bic
1.4005521201413
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4001472320377
L'Élu Marquay
1.3903912320377
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.3875755041225
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.384615
Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
1.3831259681979
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3825370400471
Cybele Fresh Line
1.3763923333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3750736160188
Nada Yas Yas Perfumes
1.3750736160188
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.375
Giglio Dorato Bottega Verde
1.3668142320377
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.3642249281508
Yog Nog Lush
1.3637832320377
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.3584312803298
Aveda Love Aveda
1.356255352179
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3560345041225
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.3540702732627
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3537217844523
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
1.3437868080094
Nuvola Farfalla
1.3346580883392
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3336274640754
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.3335538480565
Coeur d'Ylang Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.3335538480565
Jasmine Renee
1.3334066160188
Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
1.3334066160188
A Perfect Woman Lise London
1.3334066160188
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.3333698080094
Mama Nina`s Nature
1.333333
Pia Fragrantia Secrets
1.333333
Rumi Neil Morris
1.333333
Afrodisiaco S.A.C.K.Y
1.333333
Men Inside Bi-es
1.3332961919906
Songs of Solomon Ein Gedi
1.3332961919906
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.324581656066
Hana Miya Shinma
1.3226068563015
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3222180400471
Chic Eudora
1.3206625441696
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3202208480565
Santalove Nishane
1.3179932002356
Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
1.3174042720848
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.3165478480565
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.3106762720848
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.309032352179
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.3077288080094
White Edition Light Powdery Dr. Gritti
1.3077288080094
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.3071145441696
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3054107773852
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.304686360424
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.3039810400471
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.3021732803298
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.3016116489988
Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
1.3005803839812
Dewmusk Montale
1.3004048881037
Jungle Lush
1.3001840400471
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3001104240283
No. XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
1.3000736160188
S`Eau Amazing Castle Forbes
1.3000736160188
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.3
Chape 75 Bachs
1.3
Royal Garden Rose Alan Bray
1.2999631919906
L de Loewe Eau de Toilette Loewe
1.2964800400471
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.2941916160188
Golden Woman La Rive
1.294118
Soleil Sunrise CIEL Parfum
1.2911396961131
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.2885088480565
Intriga No2 Dzintars
1.2858980400471
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.2858612320377
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.2858612320377
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.2821959858657
Eau Moheli Diptyque
1.2794748881037
Tambourine Dreamer Pinrose
1.2791804240283
New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
1.278477352179
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.2779620400471
Eau Deux Castle Forbes
1.2778884240283
Call Me Nabeel
1.2769640800942
Musc Ambre Jeanne Arthes
1.2734117491166
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.2732055041225
Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.2731318881037
Amande de Ble Acorelle
1.2730582720848
Ylang Ylang Nosy Be Extrait Perris Monte Carlo
1.2729110400471
Le Deuxieme Parfum Coolife
1.2728742320377
APOM Pour Femme Elixir Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.2727638080094
Moskovskiy Novaya Zarya
1.2727638080094
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.2706255524146
Indra Ulric de Varens
1.2692678080094
Floresta Amazonia Viva
1.2691674004711
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.2684238374558
Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.2684028480565
Solo Dzintars
1.2682149681979
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.2677164240283
Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
1.266924656066
Fresh Sweet Peas Jo Loves
1.2667774240283
Jasmin Le Jardin Retrouve
1.266667
Divine Ylang Aimee de Mars Parfums
1.2664723121319
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.2650004640754
Deux Amours Jean Patou
1.2649984004711
Kisu Tann Rokka
1.2642990482921
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.263158
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.2629639387515
Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.2620339681979
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.2609436160188
Il Mio Segreto Olibere Parfums
1.26087
Arabesque Gold Arabesque Perfumes
1.2594430400471
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
1.2593326160188
Earth Natural Scent Apivita
1.2585048963486
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.258065
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.257661262662
Lust Lush
1.2567177043581
Le Beau Parfum Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.2565940400471
Natasha Novaya Zarya
1.2552693922261
Talisman eau Transparente Balenciaga
1.2527596489988
White Musk Montale
1.2507361601885
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.2506257361602
World Of Your Own Grassroots
1.2506257361602
Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
1.250257656066
Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
1.2501472320377
La Reine Soleil Sabe Masson
1.2501104240283
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.2500736160188
Frangipani Lili Bermuda
1.2500368080094
Zhirinovsky Red Zhirinovsky
1.2500368080094
Lady Bozzini
1.2500368080094
No 51 M. Micallef

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