Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: FLOWERS

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Ylang-Ylang Perfumes

1.5007720517275
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.500308820691
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002316155182
Eau de Cartier Essence de Paradis Cartier
1.5001930129319
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5001544103455
Pure Love Oriflame
1.5001158077591
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.5000772051727
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000772051727
Floralust Agonist
1.5000386025864
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.5000386025864
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.5
Ylang Tabac Musc et Madame
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.4802316155182
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.4766985138004
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.4707424103455
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.4667056025864
Zahira Bvlgari
1.4642473974136
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4546222051727
Chypre Patyka
1.4286482051727
Anne of Avonlea Ravenscourt Apothecary
1.4284937948273
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4265441034549
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.4167056025864
Cybele Fresh Line
1.4154532897124
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.413793
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.4121124232774
Aqua Floralis Ylang Florascent
1.4091296025864
Avah Serge Normant
1.403341493148
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.4007720517275
Bic Nuit Bic
1.4005018336229
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4002316155182
Jasmine Renee
1.4001158077591
L'Élu Marquay
1.3903984103455
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.384615
Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
1.3830864491411
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3759023333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3755018336229
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.3750772051727
Nada Yas Yas Perfumes
1.3750772051727
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.3750386025864
Moskovskiy Novaya Zarya
1.375
Royal Garden Rose Alan Bray
1.3668214103455
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.364253641382
Yog Nog Lush
1.3637904103455
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.3637904103455
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.3594713491604
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3584554879367
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3574132181046
White Tubereuse Eau de Toilette Reminiscence
1.3560578336229
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.3544169241459
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
1.3437886025864
Nuvola Farfalla
1.3335646155182
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.3334874103455
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.3334102051727
A Perfect Woman Lise London
1.3334102051727
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.3333716025864
Zhirinovsky Red Zhirinovsky
1.3333716025864
Mama Nina`s Nature
1.3333716025864
Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
1.333333
Men Inside Bi-es
1.333333
Pia Fragrantia Secrets
1.333333
Rumi Neil Morris
1.333333
Giglio Gentile Giardino Dei Sensi
1.3332943974136
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3288598853503
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.325617641382
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3237606155182
Hana Miya Shinma
1.3226642827639
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3206562439683
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3201544103455
Chic Eudora
1.3174204232774
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.3106924232774
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3102960517275
Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
1.3092840129319
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3090664491411
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.307981567265
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3077306025864
Il Mio Segreto Olibere Parfums
1.3077306025864
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.307692
White Edition Light Powdery Dr. Gritti
1.3070310387956
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3039514103455
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.302634820691
Santalove Nishane
1.3006153974136
Dewmusk Montale
1.3003860258637
Jungle Lush
1.3001930129319
Natasha Novaya Zarya
1.3001158077591
No. XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
1.3000772051727
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.2999613974136
L de Loewe Eau de Toilette Loewe
1.2964890129319
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.2962730405327
Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
1.294118
Soleil Sunrise CIEL Parfum
1.2920682956958
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.2910840258637
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.2865246543138
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.2859070129319
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.2858684103455
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.285714
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.2832506155182
Intriga No2 Dzintars
1.2825180646593
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.2813658077591
New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
1.2807265008686
Indra Ulric de Varens
1.2790689733642
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.2785114491411
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.2778938077591
Call Me Nabeel
1.2774114784791
Eau Moheli Diptyque
1.2773243215595
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.2761168594866
Talisman eau Transparente Balenciaga
1.2759778077591
Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
1.2743436155182
Solo Dzintars
1.2732288336229
Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.2731516284501
Amande de Ble Acorelle
1.2729200129319
Le Deuxieme Parfum Coolife
1.2728042051727
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.272727
Gelsomino del Deserto I Profumi di Firenze
1.2692696025864
Floresta Amazonia Viva
1.268965820691
Deux Amours Jean Patou
1.268717879946
Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.266667
Divine Ylang Aimee de Mars Parfums
1.2664588336229
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.2657022051727
Jardin de Bali ID Parfums
1.2654509241459
Kisu Tann Rokka
1.2643909461494
Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.2635440258637
Tambourine Dreamer Pinrose
1.263158
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.2620330517275
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.26087
Arabesque Gold Arabesque Perfumes
1.2605968863154
Lust Lush
1.2594520129319
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
1.2593362051727
Earth Natural Scent Apivita
1.2585326931094
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.2557416801776
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.2513374655472
A Scent by Issey Miyake Eau de Parfum Florale Issey Miyake
1.2506948465547
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.2506562439683
Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
1.2506562439683
World Of Your Own Grassroots
1.250308820691
Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
1.2501544103455
La Reine Soleil Sabe Masson
1.2501158077591
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.2500386025864
No 51 M. Micallef
1.2500386025864
Lady Bozzini
1.25
Sex Victorine
1.25
Arome Musque Novaya Zarya
1.25
Sexy Julie Burk Perfumes
1.25
Testardo Caraсte Pola
1.25
Royal Jasmine Bohdidharma
1.2499613974136
Wild Orchid Luxury Perfumes
1.2484914560896
Beach Walk Maison Martin Margiela
1.2484642586373
White Musk Montale
1.247679462073
Lily Dior Christian Dior
1.2475786672457
Hajar Al Haramain Perfumes
1.2450738594866
Mini Flirt Ulric de Varens

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