Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: Flowers

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Perfumes and Colognes With Ylang-Ylang

1.5004094445203
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.5004094445203
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5002274691779
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5001819753423
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001364815068
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.5000909876712
Chypre Patyka
1.5000909876712
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.5000909876712
Lady Dream Comely Dzintars
1.5000454938356
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.4999545061644
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4832552595878
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.4616744815068
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.4546814815068
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.4290714321914
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.4286619876712
Avah Serge Normant
1.4284800123288
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4118104938356
Nuvola Farfalla
1.4083449753423
Dewmusk Montale
1.4009098767117
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.4008188890405
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.4006369136982
Bic Nuit Bic
1.400545926027
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4001819753423
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.3900718397252
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3751364815068
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.3750909876712
Ylang d`Amour Wild Eden Natural Perfume
1.3750909876712
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.3704663333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3673494075338
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3629386068423
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.3581438643829
Mini Flirt Ulric de Varens
1.355729483554
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.3532594568491
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3482892109549
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3464724568491
Fire Leo CnR Create
1.3346068273964
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3337879383559
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3335604691779
Aqua Floralis Ylang Florascent
1.3335604691779
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.3335149753423
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3334694815068
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.3334239876712
Yu Perfect Sense Mane
1.3334239876712
Ala Baali Nabeel
1.3334239876712
Magic to Love Sakuraberry 2007 Expand
1.3334239876712
OH ± Denim UER MI
1.3334239876712
Creme Drift Parfum de Terre
1.3334239876712
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.3333784938356
Caldo Fruttato Officina delle Essenze
1.3332875061644
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3216109753423
Palimpsest Aftelier
1.3174722719167
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
1.3128782972567
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3127274691779
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3126364815068
Hello Kitty Spring Demeter Fragrance
1.3079194691779
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.3044844815068
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3001819753423
Laawan S4P
1.3001364815068
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.3
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.3
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.2988974582139
A Scent by Issey Miyake Eau de Parfum Florale Issey Miyake
1.2986453952049
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.2945274445203
A Demi-Mot Galimard
1.2925313828761
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.2897158404076
Ming Shu Fleur de l'Aube Yves Rocher
1.2866693705473
Passion Flower Eau Fraiche Bronnley
1.2863509136982
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.2859414691779
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.2858959753423
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.2858959753423
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.2858504815068
Flor D'Arancio Laura Tonatto
1.2858504815068
Connect Jivago
1.285714
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.285714
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.2822508643829
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.2812954938356
Sweetheart Bud Parfums
1.281091852054
Lily Dior Christian Dior
1.2780054691779
Nani Saffron James
1.2760439753423
14°S 48°E - Ambanja Richard Lüscher Britos
1.274739926027
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.2736581979437
Fashion Avenue Bond No 9
1.2733184198626
Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.2703258308084
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.2677616917793
Cocktail Lush
1.2623258027387
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.2615979013694
160 Molinard
1.2606383342432
Diptyque Eau Moheli Diptyque
1.2601726705336
Lust Lush
1.258827575952
Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.2573741505846
Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.2515467904099
Millesime 1849 Creed
1.2509553705473
Panache Original Lentheric
1.2509098767117
ShanghaiJava Blue Orchidee Crazylibellule and the Poppies
1.2507733952049
Dreams Of Romancia Swiss Arabian
1.2503184568491
Jimmy Bruno Fazzolari
1.2502729630135
Histoire d'un Reve Hubert Maes Creations
1.2502729630135
Layali Swiss Arabian
1.2502274691779
Groovy Life by Esprit Summer Edition Woman Esprit
1.2501819753423
Scarlet Bud Parfums
1.2501819753423
Pisces Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.2501819753423
Courage One Seed
1.2501819753423
Celestial Maracuja Molton Brown
1.2501364815068
Mitsy Arno Sorel
1.2501364815068
Aventure Jasmin de Karnak L`Arc
1.2501364815068
Jeans Pour Femme Roccobarocco
1.2500909876712
Snake Oil Santa Fe Botanical Natural Fragrance Collection
1.2466603582185
Talisman eau Transparent Balenciaga
1.2422416582048
Private Collection Amber Ylang Ylang Estée Lauder
1.2415467904099
The Babes Spicy Mango Oriflame
1.2403639506847
Ylang Ylang Nosy Be Perris Monte Carlo
1.2383224691779
Puro Neroli Officina delle Essenze
1.2383202349302
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.2381404938356
Jasmin Le Jardin Retrouve
1.2380495061644
King Of Jasmine Nabeel
1.2367934075338
Caron My Ylang (2013) Caron
1.2367043089031
Harvest 2008: Ange ou Demon Jasmin Sambac Givenchy
1.2348648527365
Vanille Fleurie de Tahiti La Maison de la Vanille
1.2347888027387
Bronze NANADEBARY
1.2343614568491
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.2336969506847
Jasmin Bruno Acampora
1.2318056424639
Manoumalia Les Nez
1.2310874568491
Lights Roads
1.2308144938356
Velvet Rose Anglia Perfumery
1.2306228027387
Fleur de Peau Keiko Mecheri
1.2304447041081
Iris Pourpre Keiko Mecheri
1.2301585068468
CK One Scene Calvin Klein
1.2299660801146
Songes Annick Goutal
1.2299623582185
Heliotrope Ylang Ylang Citron Korres
1.227539926027
Cafe Gold Label Cafe Parfums
1.2273184938356
Loverly Coeur d’Esprit Natural Perfumes
1.2272881253355
Endless Love Victoria`s Secret
1.227273
Trance Essence Pink Kat C.O.Bigelow
1.2272627410946
Tsun Lai Oriflame
1.2233812760111
J`Adore L`Absolu Christian Dior
1.2230863828761
Note Ambree M. Micallef
1.2230408890405
Voilette de Madame Guerlain
1.2229499013694
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.2225859506847
Juicy Jasmine Krigler
1.2225404568491
Ex`cla-ma`tion Dare Coty
1.2224494691779
Brume d'Automne Guerlain
1.2224494691779
Capricorn CnR Create
1.2224494691779
Be Bop Kesling
1.2224494691779
Lavanda Imperiale Santa Maria Novella
1.2223584815068
Jungle Lush
1.2223129876712
Akords Dzintars
1.2222674938356
Mini Varens 31 Ulric de Varens
1.2221765061644
Elixir de Muguet ID Parfums
1.2213159013694
Diva Limited Edition Emanuel Ungaro
1.2210975561621
White Musk Montale
1.2194138245303
Black Orchid Tom Ford

Popular brands and perfumes: