Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: FLOWERS

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Ylang-Ylang Perfumes

1.5007898894155
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5003159557662
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001974723539
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5001579778831
Pure Love Oriflame
1.5001579778831
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.5001184834123
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.5000789889415
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000394944708
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.5000394944708
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.4766982622433
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.4707459778831
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.4642465055292
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4546239889415
Chypre Patyka
1.454545
Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
1.4284920110585
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4265007898894
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.4201053949447
Bic Nuit Bic
1.413793
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.412120450237
Aqua Floralis Ylang Florascent
1.4091304944708
Avah Serge Normant
1.4032555845182
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.4005134281201
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4002369668246
Jasmine Renee
1.4000394944708
Aqua Stella Cadente
1.3993512417062
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.3848124723539
White Tubereuse Eau de Toilette Reminiscence
1.3831033949447
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3758603333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3750789889415
Nada Yas Yas Perfumes
1.3750789889415
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.3719529778831
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.3715869778831
Chic Eudora
1.3668249778831
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.3641494281201
Yog Nog Lush
1.3637939778831
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.3637939778831
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.3584858120063
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3559904391785
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.3461087567141
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
1.3437894944708
Nuvola Farfalla
1.3432552590837
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3335699668246
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.3334514834123
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.3334119889415
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.3333724944708
Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
1.3333724944708
Mama Nina`s Nature
1.333333
Men Inside Bi-es
1.333333
Rumi Neil Morris
1.333333
Giglio Gentile Giardino Dei Sensi
1.3332935055292
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3286523507109
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3255134281201
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3225743396524
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3206714060032
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.317428450237
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.3107399447077
Jungle Lush
1.310700450237
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3101954060032
Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
1.3090833949447
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.3086855055292
Dewmusk Montale
1.3081477093207
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3077314944708
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.307692
White Edition Light Powdery Dr. Gritti
1.3070049225908
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3059739004739
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.3045454723539
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3001184834123
N° XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
1.3000789889415
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.2964934723539
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.293038450237
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.2865433838863
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.2861484391785
Musc Ylang Ylang Parfums Berdoues
1.2859114723539
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.2858719778831
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.285714
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.2826879889415
Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
1.2814869668246
Intriga No2 Dzintars
1.2785283949447
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.2778964834123
Call Me Nabeel
1.2773662401264
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.276272135861
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.2732404281201
Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.2731614391785
Amande de Ble Acorelle
1.2728849778831
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.2728849778831
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.2705069668246
Santalove Nishane
1.2700208894155
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.2692704944708
Floresta Amazonia Viva
1.2689729557662
Deux Amours Jean Patou
1.2668249778831
Solo Dzintars
1.266667
Divine Ylang Aimee de Mars Parfums
1.2666271579779
Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.2664704281201
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.2659014612954
Vanille Ylang Ylang Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.2658440268562
Eau Moheli Diptyque
1.2657409052133
Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.2657039889415
Jardin de Bali ID Parfums
1.2654542401264
Kisu Tann Rokka
1.2648568120063
Indra Ulric de Varens
1.263158
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.2613834281201
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.2611453396524
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.2607623175355
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.2605446492891
Lust Lush
1.2605233728278
Talisman eau Transparente Balenciaga
1.2598979778831
Jasmin Ylang Mimosa Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.2594564723539
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
1.2593379889415
Earth Natural Scent Apivita
1.2585648009479
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.2555745466035
Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
1.2553979889415
ShaTha Arabian Oud
1.2532625102686
A Scent by Issey Miyake Eau de Parfum Florale Issey Miyake
1.2522924834123
New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
1.2507109004739
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.2506714060032
Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
1.2506714060032
Elle L'aime A La Folie Lolita Lempicka
1.2503159557662
Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
1.2501579778831
La Reine Soleil Le Soft Perfume
1.2501184834123
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.2500394944708
No 51 M. Micallef
1.25
Testardo Caraсte Pola
1.2477008672986
Lily Dior Christian Dior
1.2463989747235
White Musk Montale
1.2450943728278
Mini Flirt Ulric de Varens
1.244962878357
Hajar Al Haramain Perfumes
1.243442878357
Caron My Ylang (2013) Caron
1.241734450237
Courage One Seed
1.241379
Saturday Al Haramain Perfumes
1.2410174612954
Jasmin Bruno Acampora
1.2402764612954
Fresh Sweet Peas Jo Loves
1.2400971674566
Songes Annick Goutal
1.2384163175355
Les Parfums Mythiques - Le De Givenchy Givenchy
1.2383714612954
Fire Leo CnR Create
1.2382134834123
Nani Saffron James
1.2381344944708
Jasmin Le Jardin Retrouve
1.2375134060032
World Of Your Own Grassroots
1.2369604834123
Velvet Rose Anglia Perfumery
1.2361533522907
Beach Walk Maison Martin Margiela
1.2357178120063
Harvest 2008: Ange ou Demon Jasmin Sambac Givenchy
1.2355437898894
Fleur de Peau Keiko Mecheri
1.2351855860979
Private Collection Amber Ylang Ylang Estée Lauder
1.2343598562401
Heliotrope Ylang Ylang Citron Korres
1.2335699668246
Lavanda Imperiale Santa Maria Novella
1.2321824944708
Sweetheart Bud Parfums
1.2321351121643
Endless Love Victoria`s Secret
1.2314404060032
Sheer Passion The Healing Garden
1.2313614170616
Doux Amour Spadaro Luxury Fragrances
1.2309664723539
Laitek Mai Yas Perfumes

Popular brands and perfumes: