Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: FLOWERS

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Ylang-Ylang Perfumes

1.5008418474725
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5003061263537
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002678605594
Eau de Cartier Essence de Paradis Cartier
1.5002295947652
Pure Love Oriflame
1.5002295947652
Floralust Agonist
1.500191328971
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5001147973826
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.5000765315884
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000382657942
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.5
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.4802295947652
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.4767602265335
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.4707410631768
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.4667052657942
Zahira Bvlgari
1.4642477342058
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4546215315884
Chypre Patyka
1.4286475315884
Anne of Avonlea Ravenscourt Apothecary
1.4284944684116
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4265306317683
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.4167052657942
Cybele Fresh Line
1.4156435595607
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.4137547342058
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.4121093921479
Aqua Floralis Ylang Florascent
1.4091292657942
Avah Serge Normant
1.4032512328474
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.4008418474725
Bic Nuit Bic
1.4004974553247
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4002295947652
Jasmine Renee
1.4001147973826
L'Élu Marquay
1.3903970631768
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.384615
Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
1.3830800500899
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3762833333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3750765315884
Nada Yas Yas Perfumes
1.3750765315884
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.3750382657942
Moskovskiy Novaya Zarya
1.3668200631768
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.3642482527073
Yog Nog Lush
1.3637890631768
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.3594258822179
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.358444037003
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3574108605594
White Tubereuse Eau de Toilette Reminiscence
1.3560534553247
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.3544007581219
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
1.3437882657942
Nuvola Farfalla
1.3338304553247
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.3335625947652
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.3334860631768
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.3334095315884
A Perfect Woman Lise London
1.3334095315884
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.3333712657942
Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
1.3333712657942
Mama Nina`s Nature
1.333333
Men Inside Bi-es
1.333333
Giglio Gentile Giardino Dei Sensi
1.333333
Rumi Neil Morris
1.333333
Pia Fragrantia Secrets
1.3332947342058
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3289253027972
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3270760631768
Chic Eudora
1.3256122527073
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3237585947652
Hana Miya Shinma
1.3226152396204
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3206505185015
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3174173921479
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.312691328971
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3106893921479
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3103658474725
Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
1.3090600500899
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.3079337427773
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3077302657942
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.307692
White Edition Light Powdery Dr. Gritti
1.3070259869131
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3039500631768
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.3026321263537
Santalove Nishane
1.3006157342058
Dewmusk Montale
1.3004209237363
Jungle Lush
1.3003443921479
Tambourine Dreamer Pinrose
1.300191328971
Natasha Novaya Zarya
1.3001147973826
No. XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
1.3000765315884
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.3
Royal Garden Rose Alan Bray
1.2999617342058
L de Loewe Eau de Toilette Loewe
1.296487328971
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.2962417188612
Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
1.294118
Soleil Sunrise CIEL Parfum
1.2910806579421
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.2900308975625
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.2865175816783
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.285905328971
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.2858670631768
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.2858670631768
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.285714
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.2832485947652
Intriga No2 Dzintars
1.2825861764436
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.2813647973826
New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
1.2797350324877
Eau Moheli Diptyque
1.2785050500899
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.2778927973826
Call Me Nabeel
1.2773084923277
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.2767369341063
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.276147379061
Talisman eau Transparente Balenciaga
1.2759767973826
Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
1.2754156317683
Indra Ulric de Varens
1.2743415947652
Solo Dzintars
1.2732244553247
Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.2731479237363
Amande de Ble Acorelle
1.2729948605594
Ylang Ylang Nosy Be Extrait Perris Monte Carlo
1.2728800631768
Le Deuxieme Parfum Coolife
1.2728035315884
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.272727
Gelsomino del Deserto I Profumi di Firenze
1.2701297581219
Kisu Tann Rokka
1.2692692657942
Floresta Amazonia Viva
1.2689631263537
Deux Amours Jean Patou
1.2682483076953
Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.266667
Divine Ylang Aimee de Mars Parfums
1.2664544553247
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.2657015315884
Jardin de Bali ID Parfums
1.2644207712088
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.2643637052769
Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.2633969426778
Lust Lush
1.263158
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.2620263158841
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.2609465315884
Il Mio Segreto Olibere Parfums
1.26087
Arabesque Gold Arabesque Perfumes
1.259450328971
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
1.2593355315884
Earth Natural Scent Apivita
1.2585205685914
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.2506887842957
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.2506505185015
Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
1.2506505185015
World Of Your Own Grassroots
1.2503061263537
Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
1.2501530631768
La Reine Soleil Sabe Masson
1.2501147973826
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.2500382657942
No 51 M. Micallef
1.2500382657942
Lady Bozzini
1.2500382657942
Zhirinovsky Red Zhirinovsky
1.25
Testardo Caraсte Pola
1.25
Sex Victorine
1.25
Royal Jasmine Bohdidharma
1.25
Arome Musque Novaya Zarya
1.25
Sexy Julie Burk Perfumes
1.2499617342058
Wild Orchid Luxury Perfumes
1.2497837712088
Elle L'aime A La Folie Lolita Lempicka
1.2489011087514
A Scent by Issey Miyake Eau de Parfum Florale Issey Miyake
1.2486876358244
Beach Walk Maison Martin Margiela
1.2484688452149
White Musk Montale
1.247671379061
Lily Dior Christian Dior
1.2476081764436
Hajar Al Haramain Perfumes

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