Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: FLOWERS

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Ylang-Ylang Perfumes

1.5009123421648
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5002919494927
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002189621196
Pure Love Oriflame
1.500182468433
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5000729873732
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.5000729873732
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000364936866
Woman Basic Ariane Inden
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.5
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.4802189621196
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.4767152032698
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.4707339747464
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.4642495063134
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4618664431793
Ylang Ylang Nosy Be Extrait Perris Monte Carlo
1.4583694936866
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.4546544810598
Zahira Bvlgari
1.4546179873732
Chypre Patyka
1.4447724431793
Sable d'Orient Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.4286439873732
Anne of Avonlea Ravenscourt Apothecary
1.428571
Cuir Ylang Elie Saab
1.4284980126268
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4170684305525
Eau de Cartier Essence de Paradis Cartier
1.4157781198453
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.4137565063134
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.4120934431793
Ylang Florascent
1.4091274936866
Avah Serge Normant
1.4049079747464
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.400802861105
Bic Nuit Bic
1.4005474052989
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4004963080067
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.4001459747464
L'Élu Marquay
1.397392190643
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.3875714179257
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.384615
Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
1.3831193674184
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.382535468433
Cybele Fresh Line
1.3762513333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3750729873732
Nada Yas Yas Perfumes
1.3750729873732
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.375
Giglio Dorato Bottega Verde
1.3668129747464
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.3642198989855
Yog Nog Lush
1.3637819747464
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.3613299621196
Coeur d'Ylang Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.3584202790307
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3572159873732
Profumo delle Fate Erboristeria Magentina
1.3562493800453
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3561034052989
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.3540281540034
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3537066969564
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
1.3437864936866
Nuvola Farfalla
1.3346832664039
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3336249494927
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.3336249494927
Night Musk Avon
1.3335519621196
Jasmine Renee
1.3334059873732
A Perfect Woman Lise London
1.3334059873732
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.3334059873732
Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
1.3333694936866
Mama Nina`s Nature
1.333333
Afrodisiaco S.A.C.K.Y
1.333333
Men Inside Bi-es
1.333333
Pia Fragrantia Secrets
1.3332965063134
Songs of Solomon Ein Gedi
1.3332600126268
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3246159494927
Hana Miya Shinma
1.322596797971
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.322216468433
Chic Eudora
1.3205838989855
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3202554558061
Santalove Nishane
1.3180218358514
Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
1.3165459621196
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.3106734431793
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3090263800453
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.3077284936866
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.3077284936866
White Edition Light Powdery Dr. Gritti
1.3071088863587
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3054375593022
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3040524558061
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.3022154431793
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.3020712158966
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.3015783307788
Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
1.3005810126268
Dewmusk Montale
1.3004014305525
Jungle Lush
1.300182468433
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3001094810598
No. XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
1.3000729873732
S`Eau Amazing Castle Forbes
1.3000729873732
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.3000729873732
Chape 75 Bachs
1.3
Royal Garden Rose Alan Bray
1.296478468433
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.2944897600905
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.2941909873732
Golden Woman La Rive
1.294118
Soleil Sunrise CIEL Parfum
1.2911724179257
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.2885069621196
Intriga No2 Dzintars
1.285896468433
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.2858599747464
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.2858599747464
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.2840382057514
Eau Moheli Diptyque
1.2795079242391
Tambourine Dreamer Pinrose
1.2784713800453
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.277960468433
Eau Deux Castle Forbes
1.2778874810598
Call Me Nabeel
1.2769609368659
Musc Ambre Jeanne Arthes
1.2747780339391
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.2732014179257
Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.2731284305525
Amande de Ble Acorelle
1.272909468433
Le Deuxieme Parfum Coolife
1.2728729747464
APOM Pour Femme Elixir Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.2727634936866
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.2727634936866
Moskovskiy Novaya Zarya
1.2692674936866
Floresta Amazonia Viva
1.2691881780162
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.2684009621196
Solo Dzintars
1.2680441264141
Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.2677154810598
Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
1.2669589494927
Fresh Sweet Peas Jo Loves
1.2667764810598
Jasmin Le Jardin Retrouve
1.266667
Divine Ylang Aimee de Mars Parfums
1.2664679116123
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.2653607095832
Indra Ulric de Varens
1.2650344431793
Deux Amours Jean Patou
1.2649826843296
Kisu Tann Rokka
1.2645023674184
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.2642893042844
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.263158
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.2620273674184
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.2619245383549
Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.2609429873732
Il Mio Segreto Olibere Parfums
1.2609105048537
Lust Lush
1.26087
Arabesque Gold Arabesque Perfumes
1.259441468433
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
1.2593319873732
Earth Natural Scent Apivita
1.2584932664039
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.258065
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.256592468433
Natasha Novaya Zarya
1.2555834810598
New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
1.2552618484782
Talisman eau Transparente Balenciaga
1.2507298737318
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.2506203926721
Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
1.2506203926721
World Of Your Own Grassroots
1.2503649368659
Hansa Yellow DSH Perfumes
1.2502554558061
Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
1.250182468433
La Reine Soleil Sabe Masson
1.2501094810598
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.2500729873732
Frangipani Lili Bermuda
1.2500364936866
No 51 M. Micallef
1.2500364936866
Zhirinovsky Red Zhirinovsky
1.2500364936866
Lady Bozzini

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