Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: Flowers

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Perfumes and Colognes With Ylang-Ylang

1.5007341245565
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5002447081855
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002039234879
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5001631387903
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.5001631387903
Pure Love Oriflame
1.5001223540927
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.5000815693952
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000815693952
Chypre Patyka
1.5000407846976
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.5000407846976
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.5
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.4766721726008
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.4707511387903
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.4642452153024
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4284894306048
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4263051103226
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.420129909254
Bic Nuit Bic
1.4120912775807
Aqua Floralis Ylang Florascent
1.4119281387903
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.4091317846976
Avah Serge Normant
1.4017448825809
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.4005302010686
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4002447081855
Jasmine Renee
1.3995099163914
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.3847373540927
White Tubereuse Eau de Toilette Reminiscence
1.3825161387903
Chic Eudora
1.3765933333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3750407846976
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.3719581387903
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.3673195551613
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3667485693952
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.3640438469758
Yog Nog Lush
1.3637991387903
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.359417741996
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
1.3584481103226
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3560046316734
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.352411225988
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3466842010686
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3461947846976
Nuvola Farfalla
1.3345157562299
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3335777081855
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.3334553540927
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.3334145693952
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.3334145693952
N° XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
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Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
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Mama Nina`s Nature
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Giglio Gentile Giardino Dei Sensi
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Rumi Neil Morris
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Men Inside Bi-es
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Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
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Lait de Figue Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
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White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3206117704637
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3183451387903
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.3174400622782
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.3157472010686
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.3126203398589
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.3107528469758
Jungle Lush
1.3107120622782
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3077327846976
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.307692
White Edition Light Powdery Dr. Gritti
1.3076297188711
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3044703540927
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3023667846976
Jardin de Bali ID Parfums
1.3000815693952
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.2968560480444
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.2964999234879
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.2960259857661
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.294521
Dewmusk Montale
1.2942811387903
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
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Intriga No2 Dzintars
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Solo Dzintars
1.2865296939516
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.2860810622782
Musc Ylang Ylang Parfums Berdoues
1.2859179234879
Tambourine Dreamer Pinrose
1.2859179234879
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
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Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
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Caldo Fruttato Officina delle Essenze
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Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
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Divin - Divine Ajne
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Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
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Deux Amours Jean Patou
1.278552909254
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
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Nani Saffron James
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Call Me Nabeel
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Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
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Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
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Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.2728901387903
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.2706370622782
Santalove Nishane
1.2704331387903
Jasmin Ylang Mimosa Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
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Floresta Amazonia Viva
1.2679293113912
Kisu Tann Rokka
1.2669167562299
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
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Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
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Blu Bruno Acampora
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Eau Moheli Diptyque
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Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
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Vanille Ylang Ylang Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
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Harvest 2008: Ange ou Demon Jasmin Sambac Givenchy
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Lust Lush
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Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
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Indra Ulric de Varens
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Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
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Talisman eau Transparent Balenciaga
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Earth Natural Scent Apivita
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Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
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Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
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Sweetheart Bud Parfums
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New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
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Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
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Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
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Courage One Seed
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Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
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La Reine Soleil Le Soft Perfume
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Pink Kat Trance Essence
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Snake Oil Santa Fe Botanical Natural Fragrance Collection
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No 51 M. Micallef
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Macarena 10th Avenue Karl Antony
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Elle L'aime A La Folie Lolita Lempicka
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Lily Dior Christian Dior
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Ylang Ylang Lorenzo Villoresi
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Mini Flirt Ulric de Varens
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Caron My Ylang (2013) Caron
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Beach Walk Maison Martin Margiela
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A Shot of Fresh Sweet Peas Jo Loves
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Songes Annick Goutal
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Fire Leo CnR Create
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Jasmin Le Jardin Retrouve
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Ylang Ylang Nosy Be Perris Monte Carlo
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World Of Your Own Grassroots
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White Musk Montale
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Private Collection Amber Ylang Ylang Estée Lauder
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Heliotrope Ylang Ylang Citron Korres
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Lavanda Imperiale Santa Maria Novella
1.2326512491129
Fleur de Peau Keiko Mecheri
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Sheer Passion The Healing Garden
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Doux Amour Spadaro Luxury Fragrances
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Les Parfums Mythiques - Le De Givenchy Givenchy
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Laitek Mai Yas Perfumes
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Lady Dream Comely Dzintars
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Velvet Rose Anglia Perfumery
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Snow Gardenia MOR
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Endless Love Victoria`s Secret

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