Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: FLOWERS

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Ylang-Ylang Perfumes

1.5007806401249
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.50031225605
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001951600312
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.500156128025
Pure Love Oriflame
1.500156128025
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.5001170960187
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.5000780640125
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000390320062
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.5000390320062
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.5
Ylang Tabac Musc et Madame
1.4766783762685
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.470744128025
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.466667
Zahira Bvlgari
1.4642469679938
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4546230640125
Chypre Patyka
1.454545
Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
1.4286880960187
Eau de Cartier Essence de Paradis Cartier
1.4284929359875
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4264832162373
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.4200966081187
Bic Nuit Bic
1.4167060320062
Cybele Fresh Line
1.413793
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.4121162880562
Aqua Floralis Ylang Florascent
1.4091300320062
Avah Serge Normant
1.4066732740047
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.40226635363
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.4005074160812
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4002341920375
Jasmine Renee
1.4000390320062
Aqua Stella Cadente
1.390400128025
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.3848101600312
White Tubereuse Eau de Toilette Reminiscence
1.3830946081187
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3759243333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3755074160812
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.3750780640125
Nada Yas Yas Perfumes
1.3750780640125
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.375
Anne of Avonlea Ravenscourt Apothecary
1.366823128025
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.3641824480874
Yog Nog Lush
1.363792128025
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.363792128025
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.3584700882123
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3560243840749
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.3523013208431
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3461664722873
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
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Nuvola Farfalla
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Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
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Arboretum Library of Flowers
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SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
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Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
1.3333720320062
Mama Nina`s Nature
1.333333
Marina Spadafora Marina Spadafora
1.333333
Pia Fragrantia Secrets
1.333333
Men Inside Bi-es
1.333333
Giglio Gentile Giardino Dei Sensi
1.333333
Zhirinovsky Red Zhirinovsky
1.333333
Rumi Neil Morris
1.3332939679938
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3286398641686
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3255464480874
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3237631920375
Hana Miya Shinma
1.3226780241998
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3206635441062
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3174242880562
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.317229128025
Chic Eudora
1.3106962880562
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3102656081187
Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
1.3090746081187
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.3086859679938
Dewmusk Montale
1.3080425448868
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3077310320062
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.307692
White Edition Light Powdery Dr. Gritti
1.3070374800937
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3060046081187
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.3045431600312
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.303953128025
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.3025601920375
Santalove Nishane
1.3003903200625
Jungle Lush
1.3001951600312
Le Deuxieme Parfum Coolife
1.3001951600312
Natasha Novaya Zarya
1.3001170960187
No. XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
1.3000780640125
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.3
Demon du Ciel CIEL Parfum
1.2964911600312
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.294118
Soleil Sunrise CIEL Parfum
1.2910883200625
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.2865336721311
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.2859091600312
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.285870128025
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.285714
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.2832531920375
Intriga No2 Dzintars
1.2785196081187
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.2782156752537
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.2778950960187
Call Me Nabeel
1.2778170320062
Il Mio Segreto Olibere Parfums
1.2777211522248
Indra Ulric de Varens
1.2773445042935
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.2735096565183
Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
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Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
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Amande de Ble Acorelle
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Skye Geo. F. Trumper
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Gelsomino del Deserto I Profumi di Firenze
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Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
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Eau Moheli Diptyque
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Floresta Amazonia Viva
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Deux Amours Jean Patou
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Solo Dzintars
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Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.266667
Divine Ylang Aimee de Mars Parfums
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Blu Bruno Acampora
1.2658982240437
Vanille Ylang Ylang Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
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Jardin de Bali ID Parfums
1.2654325042935
Kisu Tann Rokka
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Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.263158
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.263158
Arabesque Gold Arabesque Perfumes
1.2620416401249
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.2618950039032
Lust Lush
1.2612099921936
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.2609031842311
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.2605127361436
Talisman eau Transparente Balenciaga
1.2594541600312
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
1.2593370640125
Earth Natural Scent Apivita
1.2585481522248
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.2553970640125
ShaTha Arabian Oud
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New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
1.2513757291179
A Scent by Issey Miyake Eau de Parfum Florale Issey Miyake
1.2507025761124
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.2507025761124
Elle L'aime A La Folie Lolita Lempicka
1.2506635441062
Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
1.25031225605
Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
1.250156128025
La Reine Soleil Le Soft Perfume
1.2501170960187
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.2500390320062
No 51 M. Micallef
1.2500390320062
Lady Bozzini
1.25
Sex Victorine
1.25
Testardo Caraсte Pola
1.25
Royal Jasmine Bohdidharma
1.2485072006245
White Musk Montale
1.2476897681499
Lily Dior Christian Dior
1.2472057681499
Hajar Al Haramain Perfumes
1.2450837361436
Mini Flirt Ulric de Varens
1.2444728899297
Beach Walk Maison Martin Margiela
1.2424477205308
Voulez-Vous Coucher Avec Moi By Kilian
1.2424047041374
Caron My Ylang (2013) Caron
1.2417302880562
Courage One Seed
1.241379
Saturday Al Haramain Perfumes
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Jasmin Bruno Acampora

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