Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: Flowers

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Perfumes and Colognes With Ylang-Ylang

1.5005745602404
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5003977724741
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.5002209847079
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5002209847079
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001325908247
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.5000883938831
Lady Dream Comely Dzintars
1.5000883938831
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5000883938831
Chypre Patyka
1.5000883938831
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.5000441969416
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.4999558030584
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4832930746044
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.4546775908247
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.4290571663573
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.4287477877663
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.4287035908247
Avah Serge Normant
1.4284826061169
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
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Nuvola Farfalla
1.4083397877663
Dewmusk Montale
1.4008839388314
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.4007955449483
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
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Bic Nuit Bic
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Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
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Nymph Nina`s Nature
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Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
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Aveda Love Aveda
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Skye Geo. F. Trumper
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Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.3701733333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
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Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3651810843278
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
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Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.3581153327146
Mini Flirt Ulric de Varens
1.3546973632989
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
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J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
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Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
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Fire Leo CnR Create
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Blu Bruno Acampora
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Sheer Passion The Healing Garden
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Magic Marilyn Miglin
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Aqua Floralis Ylang Florascent
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Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
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OH ± Denim UER MI
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Ala Baali Nabeel
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Pink Kat Trance Essence
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SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
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Magic to Love Sakuraberry 2007 Expand
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Yu Perfect Sense Mane
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D Rouge Luciano Soprani
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White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
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PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Parfumerie Generale
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J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
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Gigi Lulu Beauty
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Hello Kitty Spring Demeter Fragrance
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Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
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Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
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Be Bop Kesling
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Laawan S4P
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Palimpsest Aftelier
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Montana en Turquoise Montana
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Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
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Gardenia Melange Perfume
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A Scent by Issey Miyake Eau de Parfum Florale Issey Miyake
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Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
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Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
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Ming Shu Fleur de l'Aube Yves Rocher
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White Rose Natural Shiseido
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Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
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Flor D'Arancio Laura Tonatto
1.285714
Divin - Divine Ajne
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Deva des Fleurs Sama
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Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
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Sweetheart Bud Parfums
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Lily Dior Christian Dior
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Ylang Ylang Nosy Be Perris Monte Carlo
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Nani Saffron James
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Blu Bruno Acampora
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Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
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Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
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Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
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Diptyque Eau Moheli Diptyque
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Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
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Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
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160 Molinard
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Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
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Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
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Lust Lush
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Cocktail Lush
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Millesime 1849 Creed
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Panache Original Lentheric
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ShanghaiJava Blue Orchidee Crazylibellule and the Poppies
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Layali Swiss Arabian
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Histoire d'un Reve Hubert Maes Creations
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Courage One Seed
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Groovy Life by Esprit Summer Edition Woman Esprit
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Celestial Maracuja Molton Brown
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Pisces Strange Invisible Perfumes
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Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
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Scarlet Bud Parfums
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Caldo Fruttato Officina delle Essenze
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Puro Neroli Officina delle Essenze
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Harvest 2008: Ange ou Demon Jasmin Sambac Givenchy
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Bronze NANADEBARY
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Vanille Fleurie de Tahiti La Maison de la Vanille
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Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
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Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
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Velvet Rose Anglia Perfumery
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Fleur de Peau Keiko Mecheri
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Iris Pourpre Keiko Mecheri
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Charming C. Darvin
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CK One Scene Calvin Klein
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Heliotrope Ylang Ylang Citron Korres
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Songes Annick Goutal
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Manoumalia Les Nez
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A Demi-Mot Galimard
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Loverly Coeur d’Esprit Natural Perfumes
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Trance Essence Pink Kat C.O.Bigelow
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Tsun Lai Oriflame
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Endless Love Victoria`s Secret
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Snow Gardenia MOR
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Passion Flower Eau Fraiche Bronnley
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Note Ambree M. Micallef
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Voilette de Madame Guerlain
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White Musk Montale
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Juicy Jasmine Krigler
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Ex`cla-ma`tion Dare Coty
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Capricorn CnR Create
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Brume d'Automne Guerlain
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Lavanda Imperiale Santa Maria Novella
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Notre Temps Galimard
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Akords Dzintars
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Creme Drift Parfum de Terre
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Mini Varens 31 Ulric de Varens
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Tuberosa Acqua di Genova
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Elixir de Muguet ID Parfums
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J`Adore L`Absolu Christian Dior

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