Incense

Group: RESINS AND BALSAMS

Incense
Incense
Incense



''Incense (from Latin: incendere, "to burn") is composed of aromatic biotic materials, which release fragrant smoke when burned. The term "incense" refers to the substance itself, rather than to the odor that it produces. It is used in religious ceremonies, ritual purification, aromatherapy, meditation, for creating a mood, and for masking bad odors. The use of incense may have originated in Ancient Egypt, where the gum resins and oleo gum resins of aromatic trees were imported from the Arabian and Somali coasts to be used in religious ceremonies.'' from Wikipedia

Commiphora myrrha tree and myrrh resin, which is a natural gum

Since the beginning of time incense has played a significant role in the human existence.The exact origin of incense cannot be traced but ancient writings provide insight into how religions and cultures of old used the aroma of burning herbs, flowers, tree leaves and other natural sources in their spiritual practices. Early incense contained nothing other than ground herbs, plant gums, and honey. Some experts believe that the burning of items such as cedar, berries, roots, and resins gave us our first true incense. Incense relics that are thousands of years old have actually been found all over the world. So, it can be believed that incense has been a part of many different cultures for a very long time.


Another interesting fact of incense is that when the tomb of Tutankhamun was found, they made an amazing discovery. In the Valley of the Kings at Thebes, archeologists found huge quantities of oils, perfumes, and incense around his mummified body.

Incense has appeared in many forms: raw woods, chopped herbs, pastes, powders, and even liquids or oils. And its basics are really quite simple. It is a combination of aromatic elements and a heat source.

The name Incense is actually derived for the Latin verb incendere, meaning to burn. According to the historian al-Mas'udi, guests of the ninth-century caliph al-Ma'mun (r. 813-33 CE) were offered an incense burner to perfume themselves before meeting with him. It has always had ties to the religious and medical aspects of various cultures, and still does today.
 

History and uses of incense:


It is hard to tell what the incense was first used as but it is believed to have been used for religious purposes for the first time. With time people learned the use of other herbs, trees, plants and resins in the incense and that's how incense saw its many facets of use. As the time passed, people also discovered the medicinal importance of some herbs and in came herbalists who discovered the mdecinal use of incense. They found that by combining certain herbs the fragrant scent entered the nose and pores of the body and then traveled to the parts of the body that needed the help.
 

With herbs such as sage and lavender and other flowers, berries and plants the effects of these on the body were amazing. Herbal incense is blended primarily for effect. Scent is the secondary consideration in many cases, but in all cases, the scent is designed for the burn. Many natural incense ingredients have almost no aroma until they are heated. Notably, Aloes wood as well as many other resins have little or no aroma until they are smoldered over the incense fire.

The father of medicine, Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.), is believed to be the first person to establish and set down a scientific system of medicine. In this system, the use of aromas through incense is said to play a significant role. Legend says Hippocrates freed Athens from the plague by burning aromatic plants through out the city.
 


Incense and Aromatherapy go hand in hand. With the correctly scented incense, one can actually use its healing powers to: reduce and calm anxiety, stress, and fear, alleviate insomnia, accelerate healing. You can also help stimulate and renew energy, cleanse the atmosphere, and prepare for meditation and prayer. The aromatic smell that burning incense releases stimulates the olfactory nerves. This stimulation is able to produce effects of various states such as physical, emotional, and psychological based on the fragrance. One interesting fact to note is that many of the ingredients used in incense don't have any smell unless they are burned. 
 

Talking further of its use in different cultures, Buddhists provide offerings of incense to spread its fragrance to remind practitioners to cultivate good conduct. This activity symbolizes the fragrance of pure moral conduct. The ancient Greeks provided a scientific approach to the use of incense. According to the Japanese, incense purifies the mind and body, improves communication, acts as a companion in the midst of solitude, and brings moments of peace amidst chaos. Agarwood (Jinkō) and sandalwood (Byakudan) are the two most important ingredients in Japanese incense. Incense was first brought to China around 200 AD. It slowly transitioned during the Tang dynasty (618 - 607) from a spiritual or medical tool to an every day common item used by the general public. It was the Chinese who developed the first method of stick incense during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644).

Today we can see many uses of incense and in many forms like joss sticks, incense cones, powder and so on. It can be divided into two main types: indirect burning incense and direct burning incense. Indirect burning incense or non-combustible incense is not capable of burning on its own and requires separate heat source. While direct burning incense or combustible incense is lit directly by a flame and then fanned or blown out, leaving a glowing ember that smoulders and releases fragrance. The most common example of it is incense sticks. When I was child, I remember my mother burning incense in the evening and it was a combination of Frakincense and myrrh. That created a very clean and calm atmosphere in our home.

There can be many combinations of items to make in incense. The most common materials that are used raw and also used as raw materials in the making of incense are Borneol camphor, Benzoin, Frankincense, Makko powder, Tolu Balsam, Myrrh, Labdanum, Opoponax and white Indian sandal powder.


Here is the list of some fragrance materials used as direct burning and indirect burning incense, however the purpose of all is the same and that's to be used as incense.
 

WOODS and BARKS

   
SEEDS and FRUITS


RESINS and GUMS


   


    
ROOTS and RHIZOMES


LEAVES


FLOWERS and BUDS


Talking of incense in fragrances, we don't find any mention of the notes used in the incense accord. The reason is there can be many combinations let's say woody, floral, herbal, spices or of resins, so in that case it is left on the wearer's nose as what she/he gets when there's an incense note in a fragrance.
 


 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Incense Perfumes

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L`orpheline Serge Lutens
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Incense Matthew Williamson
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Holy Smoke Demeter Fragrance
1.5010538994279
Magnetic Blend 8 Initio Parfums Prives
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Incense Demeter Fragrance
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Misiones Fueguia 1833
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oM House of Matriarch
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Incense Lavender Compagnie de Provence
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No. XLIII Encens Mad et Len
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Nudo Morph
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Cathedral (Holiday no.3) DSH Perfumes
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Prophecy DSH Perfumes
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Frankincense Demeter Fragrance
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Georges Feghali Monte Carlo Coup de Foudre Mansfield
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Eau de Noir Bourbon French Parfums
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Venus in Fur Anna Zworykina Perfumes
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BOM Incense Ys-Uzac
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Bakhur Aquaflor Firenze
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Alleluia Les Cakes de Bertrand
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Unholy Teufels Kuche
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Aged Cambodian Agarwood Oil Majid Muzaffar Iterji
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Stelle di Pace Hilde Soliani
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Incense Mist The Merchant of Venice
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Celos Yanbal
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Incense Norma Kamali
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Bleu de Chanel Chanel
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Burning Roses Alkemia Perfumes
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Oliban Phaedon
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Encens Fève Tonka Fragonard
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Encens et Lavande Serge Lutens
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Mystra Aesop
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Dehn Al Oud Al Ameeri Lattafa Perfumes
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Panthere John Mac Steed
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La Coquette La Bouquetiere
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Shalimar Guerlain
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Incense Flash Tauerville
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Hallow Blackbird
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Passage d'Enfer L`Artisan Parfumeur
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Sequoia Abbott New York City
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Sex Tape The Bohemian Society
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Hexennacht Alkemia Perfumes
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Aflaaj Asgharali
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Armani Prive Encens Satin Giorgio Armani
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Incense & Musk Henri Bendel
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Smoke Goti
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Mystico Triquetra
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Full Incense Montale
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Ecclesiae Arte Profumi
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Essenza di un'Isola Altrove Acqua dell Elba
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Nafeas Lattafa Perfumes
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Lazulia Bvlgari
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Fahrenheit Absolute Christian Dior
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Study No. 23 / Newsletter Miller et Bertaux
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Perfect Night Bella Bellissima
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Eau de Madeleine Au Pays de la Fleur d’Oranger
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Levitation Platinum Cuarzo The Circle
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Vinaigre de Toilette Diptyque
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Eau d'Iparie L`Occitane en Provence
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Black Orchid Tom Ford
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Jawad An Aura of Purity Khalis
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Incense & Cedrat Limited Edition Jo Malone London
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Bint Al Sultan Lattafa Perfumes
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Neiges de Russie Parfums et Senteurs du Pays Basque
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ShanghaiJava Encens Mystique Crazylibellule and the Poppies
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Mood Indigo La Folie a Plusieurs
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Encens Liquide Memoire Liquide
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Flower by Kenzo Oriental Kenzo
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Norne Slumberhouse
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Night Oud Lattafa Perfumes
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Chic Michael Kors
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Al Azea Lattafa Perfumes
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Majestic Cedar Bella Bellissima
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Just Oud Lattafa Perfumes
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Cuoio Di Russia I Profumi di Firenze
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Envol Tiens
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Black & White Ne`emah For Fragrance & Oudh
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Kataleya I Profumi di Firenze
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Rose Infernale Terry de Gunzburg
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Mississippi Medicine D.S. & Durga
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Day of the Dead Lush
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Infusion d'Iris Prada
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This is Him Zadig & Voltaire
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Cardinal James Heeley
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Olibanum Profumum Roma
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Chergui Serge Lutens
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Sanctum Perfume Ramón Béjar
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Body Kouros Yves Saint Laurent
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Ambra Aurea Profumum Roma
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Velvet Desert Oud Dolce&Gabbana
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Le Cinquieme Parfum Coolife
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Loewe 7 Loewe
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The President`s Hat Lush
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Mirror Ball Smell Bent
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Fille en Aiguilles Serge Lutens
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Inner Sanctum DSH Perfumes
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Campfire Rebel Pinrose
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Energy Fusion for Men Avon
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Ayour Neil Morris
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Eau des Baux L`Occitane en Provence
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Shanaan M. Micallef
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Holy Shit Pekji
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Kingdom of Dreams LM Parfums
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White Leather N°17 The Master Perfumer
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Encens Flamboyant Annick Goutal
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Alpha House of Matriarch
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Midnight in Paris Van Cleef & Arpels
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05 Incense Extreme Tauer Perfumes
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Custom Alfred Dunhill
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Captain Lattafa Perfumes
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Comme des Garcons 2 Man Comme des Garcons
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Incense Suede Salvatore Ferragamo
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Alchemico Mazzolari
1.292627561879
Gucci pour Homme Gucci
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Witchblade Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Diamond Water Jar Parfums
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Precious Oud Trish McEvoy
1.2858143713741
Encens Les Sens de Marrakech
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Musk Al Ghazal Lattafa Perfumes
1.285714
Oud Khasian Luxury Perfumes
1.285714
Seher Al Gharam Lattafa Perfumes
1.285714
Autumn Defoliation Art Deco Perfumes
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Paradise Lili Bermuda
1.2825094507678
Casbah Robert Piguet
1.282079009736
La Liturgie des Heures Jovoy Paris
1.2797345902841
Comme des Garcons Series 3 Incense: Kyoto Comme des Garcons
1.2785812093747
M Mariah Carey
1.2785430696577
Preludio d'Oriente Cale Fragranze d’Autore
1.2780289284352
Mmm Hilde Soliani
1.2777188704206
Shaman MiN New York
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Acqua di Gio Profumo Giorgio Armani
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Tawanna Regency Cosmetics
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The Holy Mountain Apoteker Tepe
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№ 4 SWITCH Perfumes
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Enemy Nickel
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Danhal Oud Kambodi Lattafa Perfumes
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Vintage Patchouli West Third Brand
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Eucalypcense Fitzgerald and Guislain
1.272727
Lucky Nugget Lindo Ganarin
1.272727
Ahlam Khalis
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Incensed Smell Bent
1.2698257286962
Poison Christian Dior
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Nomadic Him Oriflame
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Musc Botanique Strange Invisible Perfumes
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Khurafi Lattafa Perfumes
1.2668677427482
Ma Folie de Noel (My Christmas Folly; Holiday no.6) DSH Perfumes
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Amber Absolute Tom Ford

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