Musk

lat. Moschus Moschiferus

Group: MUSK, AMBER, ANIMALIC SMELLS

Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Musk Moschus Moschiferus
Odor profile: Naturally the essence derived by the perineal glands of the Tibetan musk deer, now endangered and protected. Synthetically replicated in a plethora of variations for fixation and warming fragrance compositions.

Musk is a whole class of fragrant substances used as base notes in perfumery. This wonderful animalistic note creates a groundwork on which the rest of the aromatic shades and nuances of the composition rest. Musk is the most commonly used raw material, present in almost all fragrant compositions. You can easily check this claim by using our search for notes. What makes it so indispensible in the perfume industry is its unique property to balance the composition and add a subtle touch of sensuality and warmth. It is also prized as a wonderful fixative, which reduces the evaporation rate and allows the original composition to last longer while keeping its true fragrance.


Musk
is a name that originally designated a strong-smelling brownish substance secreted by the male of the musk deer of the genus Moschus. Each of the adult male representatives of this animal species has a musk gland that lies in a sac positioned between the genitals and the umbilicus, and secretes powerful pheromones used to attract mates. It has been rumored since ancient times that wonderful musk odor works as an excellent aphrodisiac, and modern science has offered an explanation for this. Even though the debate on the existence of sex pheromones continues, there are scientists who believe that the smell of musk closely resembles the smell of testosterone, which may act as a pheromone in humans.

The term "musk" is often used to describe a wide range of musky substances, typically animalistic notes such as Civet, Castoreum, and Hyrax, or various synthetic musks, known as white musks, which are created in chemical laboratories. The original deer musk has been used and prized for thousands of years as one of the most precious raw materials in perfumery. This lovely animal is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, Siberia and Mongolia, even though classified as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The musk deer populations could be driven out of existence because of the black-market price for the musk from their glands that reaches almost $45,000 per kilogram. This is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more valuable than gold—the all-time highest price of gold ever recorded is $1,913.50 per ounce (there are 0.0284 kilograms per ounce). What is really worrying is that only a few tens of grams can be extracted from a single animal and around 160 deer need to be killed for each kilogram of musk collected. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the animal but, unfortunately, this is hardly ever done.


Deer musk has been used since antiquity and some of the first references of its use in the perfume industry point to Arab and Byzantine perfume makers of the 6th century. It was generously used by the caliphs of Baghdad and highly regarded among the Arabs. This fragrant material was even added to mortared walls of mosques during their construction, to emanate the wonderful fragrance whenever it’s warmed by the sun. Al-Kindi, the famous Philosopher of the Arabs, who wrote hundreds of original treatises on a range of subjects, including perfumes, mentioned this ingredient in many of the perfume recipes, making it one of the mostly prized luxury goods imported from the East. However, musk was not used only for its olfactory features but also because of its curative properties. The Arab and Tibetan healers used it as a stimulant for male health; Ayurvedic practitioners used it in the treatment of cardiac, mental and neurological disorders, and it still holds as one of the most important ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, being included in the recipes of more than 300 different medicines.
 

In perfumery, the term “musk” doesn’t always apply to a concrete perfume component, but rather designates the overall impression of the fragrant composition. Natural aroma of musk is very complex and usually described with so many contradictory attributes. It's description may range from sweet, creamy or powdery, to rich, leathery, spicy and even woodsy. Most typically, the musk note is described as an animalistic nuance, with a lively and oscillating, often contrasting nature. The typical musky smell develops from the natural musk tincture once the volatile parts have evaporated, allowing the sensual and warm “true musky” notes to come up to the surface.

Angelica archangelica

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was extensively used in the creation of perfumes before it became much too expensive and controversial. Luckily, there are some plants that share similar olflactory properties with musk, capable of producing musky-smelling macrocyclic lactone compounds.

Ambrette by Bob Richmond

Many of these plants, such as Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica), Musk Flower (Mimulus moschatus) Abelmosk  or Ambrette seeds (Abelmoschus moschatus), are now widely used as a substitute for animal musks.

Musk Flower by alexlomas


In 1888, the scientist Albert Baur was the first to discover an artificial musk. This was a completely accidental discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives. After an attempt to produce a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, he suddenly noticed a very pleasant musky-like odor in the air and attributed it to, what was later named, nitro-musk. This was the first member of the family of synthetic musks, but it was banned from use due to its instability and potential toxicity. Later on, polycyclic musk and macrocyclic musk classes were developed, of which the first one is most commonly used in modern perfumery. Macrocylic musks are derived from plants and they most closely resemble the natural scent of musk, but their production is more costly. Another interesting fact about macrocylic musks is that around half of the population cannot detect their smell in a fragrant composition. For this reason, successful perfumers usually combine a variety of musks in the formula in order to truly convey the original idea behind the fragrance.
 

The use of natural musk was prohibited in 1979, when the musk deer was protected as an endangered species. Today, white musk note is one of the most commonly used in creation of perfumes, offering a more ethical approach and being less expensive than the natural musk. Some of the wonderful perfumes highlighting this note are Serge Lutens' Clair de Musc, Montale's White Musk, Il Profvmo's Musc Bleu, and Narciso Rodriguez For Her. Michael Boadi’s musky quartet from the Illuminum collection plays with the musk olfactory group in four different compositions and perfectly illustrates the broadness of this term: Cashemere Musk, Rajamusk , Piper Leather and Wild Berry Blossom.


Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Musk Perfumes

1.5114095898325
Clean Skin Clean
1.5070768341999
White Musk Tesori d`Oriente
1.5055964760254
Body Fantasies Signature Fresh White Musk Parfums de Coeur
1.5055603697285
Silver Musk Nasomatto
1.5049104563836
Musc Tonkin Parfum d`Empire
1.5038994800693
White Musk Montale
1.5028885037551
White Musk Al-Rehab
1.5027079722704
Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5020580589255
Royall Muske Royall Lyme Bermuda
1.5020580589255
L'Antimatiere Les Nez
1.5020219526285
Silent St. Derek Lam 10 Crosby
1.5019858463316
Princess Musk Ajmal
1.50176920855
Black Musk Jovan
1.5015164644714
Egyptian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5014442518775
Felce Azzurra Paglieri
1.5012637203928
Angel Face Ava Luxe
1.501191507799
Moschus Wild Love Sophie Nerval
1.501155401502
Ruehl No.925 Ruehl No.925
1.501155401502
Muschio (Musc) Santa Maria Novella
1.5011192952051
Define Next
1.5011192952051
Werewolf Lumberjack Smell Bent
1.5010470826112
Musk al Madinah Al-Rehab
1.5010109763143
Deer Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5009387637204
Asalat Al Musk Arabian Oud
1.5009026574235
Khalis Musk (Pure Musk) Lattafa Perfumes
1.5008665511265
Musc Solinotes
1.5008304448296
Egyptian Musk Ava Luxe
1.5007943385326
Clean Lather Clean
1.5007943385326
Aoud Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5007943385326
Cristal de Musc Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.5007582322357
Fleur Poudree de Musc Les Nereides
1.5007221259388
Sula Stiletto Musk Susanne Lang
1.5006860196418
Musk Tahara Arabian Oud
1.5006860196418
Oud & Musc Cartier
1.5006499133449
Pearl Musk Ava Luxe
1.5006138070479
Magic of the Orient - White Body Musk Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5006138070479
Commando Smell Bent
1.5006138070479
Moschus Love Fever Sophie Nerval
1.500577700751
Lago del Desierto Fueguia 1833
1.500577700751
Musk C.O.Bigelow
1.5005415944541
Talc Douceur Monotheme Fine Fragrances Venezia
1.5005415944541
Jasmine Musc Zara
1.5005415944541
Gold Lily Shanghai Tang
1.5005054881571
G7 Mixed Gap
1.5005054881571
Musk For a Perfect Walk Zara
1.5005054881571
CBMUSK CB I Hate Perfume
1.5005054881571
Musk Mazzolari
1.5004693818602
Magnetic Blend 7 Initio Parfums Prives
1.5004693818602
Musk Bettina Barty
1.5004693818602
Kabuki Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5003971692663
Musc Blanc Nejma
1.5003971692663
Jamoca Soft Musk Avon
1.5003971692663
Tea Rose Mesk Perfumer`s Workshop
1.5003971692663
Rue Royale Hové Parfumeur, Ltd.
1.5003610629694
Guapo Al-Rehab
1.5003610629694
Floral Bouquet For a Sunset in The Market Zara
1.5003610629694
Musk Kaaba Arabian Oud
1.5003249566724
Fascinator Hové Parfumeur, Ltd.
1.5003249566724
Water Goddess Kuumba Made
1.5003249566724
06 Clean Musk Fred Segal
1.5003249566724
Royal Dark Musk Arabian Oud
1.5003249566724
Eaudesalpes Mora & Almizcle (HIDRATANTE) IVR Swiss Group
1.5002888503755
Dragon's Musk Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002888503755
Night Musk Avon
1.5002888503755
Benetton White Night Man Benetton
1.5002527440786
Gant Summer Gant
1.5002527440786
Silver Musk Syed Junaid Alam
1.5002527440786
Batch No. 46 Abercrombie & Fitch
1.5002527440786
Divine Goddess Musk Alkemia Perfumes
1.5002527440786
Dehn al Oudh Abiyad Afnan Perfumes
1.5002527440786
Jasmin Musk Al-Rehab
1.5002166377816
White Musk Musk Collection
1.5002166377816
Huemul Fueguia 1833
1.5002166377816
Egyptian Musk Michelle Michini
1.5002166377816
$ D.S. & Durga
1.5002166377816
Agua de Almiscar Companhia da Terra
1.5001805314847
Imperial Asiatic Musk Abdul Karim Al Faransi
1.5001805314847
Vice Ajmal
1.5001805314847
Kalemat Musk Arabian Oud
1.5001805314847
Anfas Al Musk Al-Rehab
1.5001805314847
Muschi Bianchi del Tibet Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5001805314847
Disclosure Adventure Sapil
1.5001444251878
Amazing Grace 20th Birthday Special Edition Philosophy
1.5001444251878
Musc Gold Bruno Acampora
1.5001444251878
Musk Al Ghazal Al-Rehab
1.5001444251878
Dragon's Hide Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001444251878
Myski Arabian Oud
1.5001444251878
Dark Entity Aziza World Fragrances
1.5001444251878
America Musk Milton Lloyd
1.5001444251878
Jaathbia Collection White Musk Ajmal
1.5001444251878
Mukhallat Al Haram Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5001444251878
Satyr Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5001444251878
Pure Oil Of Musk Carolina Herrera
1.5001083188908
Levitation White Gold Cuarzo The Circle
1.5001083188908
Cashmere Musk Ava Luxe
1.5001083188908
Dynamo Sapil
1.5001083188908
Ghair 1 Ajmal
1.5001083188908
Respiro MONOM
1.5001083188908
Pavo Lily Lambert
1.5001083188908
Saltwater Portland General Store
1.5001083188908
Tristan Pierre Cardin
1.5001083188908
Kalgoorlie Bud Parfums
1.5001083188908
Supreme Modigliani
1.5001083188908
No. XXV Red Musc Mad et Len
1.5001083188908
Ménage à Trois Zarkoperfume
1.5001083188908
Jade East Musk Regency Cosmetics
1.5001083188908
Arabian Musk Kuumba Made
1.5001083188908
Power Musk Oriflame
1.5000722125939
Musk Musk Collection
1.5000722125939
White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000722125939
Musk Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.5000722125939
Yujin Ectasy Ella Mikao
1.5000722125939
Taiga DayNa Decker
1.5000722125939
Rose Nerolita Eau Jeune
1.5000722125939
Black Musk Pino Silvestre
1.5000722125939
Durrat Al Khaleej Reehat Al Atoor
1.5000722125939
Eau de Noir Bourbon French Parfums
1.5000722125939
Fetish: Toro Opus Oils
1.5000722125939
Nike Urban Musk Nike
1.5000722125939
Musc Refan
1.5000722125939
La Vie Nouvelle Bourbon French Parfums
1.5000722125939
Amber Musk Shiara
1.5000722125939
Lurid Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5000722125939
Oriental Musk Ava Luxe
1.5000722125939
Cotone-muschio bianco Dr. Taffi
1.5000722125939
Globos De Chicle Haught Parfums
1.5000722125939
White Musk Nemat International
1.5000722125939
♥ Invisible Musk Slumberhouse
1.5000722125939
Superior White Musk Arabian Oud
1.5000722125939
Icon Musk Oil Ga-De
1.5000722125939
Pearl Al Battash Concepts
1.5000361062969
Woman Basic Ariane Inden
1.5000361062969
Fawakeh Shirley May
1.5000361062969
Champion Al-Rehab
1.5000361062969
Six Scents 2 Bernhard Willhelm: Wicken 3000 Six Scents
1.5000361062969
It`s Candy Time Mel Merio
1.5000361062969
Bouquet d'Amour Malicieuse Mariella Burani
1.5000361062969
Brisas Sedução do Musk Eudora
1.5000361062969
Wild Denim No. 14 The Master Perfumer
1.5000361062969
Miriam Ocariz Eau de Toilette Miriam Ocariz
1.5
After 9 Silver Emper
1.5
Anna Karenina Novaya Zarya
1.5
Midnight Frost Avon
1.5
Musc YanFroloff Perfumer
1.5
Musk Al Sheikh Al-Rehab
1.5
Original White Musk Zuma
1.5
Tybee Fulton & Roark
1.5
Vitesse pour Homme Novaya Zarya
1.5
Ascension Kuumba Made
1.5
Shuhaiyah Syed Junaid Alam

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