Myrrh

Group: RESINS AND BALSAMS

Myrrh
Myrrh
Myrrh



COMMON NAME:
Myrrh, mur, moyao (in Chinese) 


PLANT FAMILY:
Burseraceae 


GENUS: Commiphora 

SPECIES:
There are various species, the most common amongst them are Commiphora myrrha, C.gileadensis syn.Commiphora opobalsamum. 


USES:
Used as incense material,
medicine and perfume


For centuries, whenever there has been a mention of Frankincense, Myrrh has been the one to be written next to it. Myrrh, like frankincense, has always been consumed in large quantities, both in the preparation of domestic and religious incense, in perfumed oils and as medicine, and was at periods prized much higher than Frankincense. In medical terms, myrrh has antiseptic and sedative properties. It has been mentioned in Egyptian medical texts, and in ancient Egypt it was also used for embalming alongside Frankincense.

The word mör or mur, from which myrrh is derived, means "bitter." The word probably comes from old Hebrew and Arabic. Aroma of Myrrh can be described as woody, warm, aromatic and pungent, and slightly medicinal. Like Frankincense, it is an aromatic oleo-gum-resin (Oleoresin: a natural blend of essential oil and resin). It comes from various species of the genus Commiphora of the plant family . Commiphora is a genus of flowering  plants. Species in this genus have thorny and armed trees and shrubs which are native to northeast Africa and the adjacent areas of the Arabian Peninsula.

Commiphora myrrha is the species which is commonly used in the production of myrrh. It is found in the shallow, rocky soils of Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia and Somalia. It boasts spiny branches with scanty leaves that grow in groups of three, and can reach a height of 9 feet. Another species, Commiphora gileadensis, which is also known as balsam of Mecca or Balm of Gilead, is native to the Arabian Peninsula and has been used in the diseases of urinary tract. Its odor is faintly woody, oily-sweet and balsamic. Some other species are Commiphora erythraea, which is one of the species of opoponax, and Commiphora wightii (Mukul, Guggul), also known as Indian bdellium. It is distributed in arid areas of Bangladesh, India and Pakistan, and its use in the treatment of diseases occupies an important place in Ayurveda, the traditional medicine system of India.

BITTER MYRRH and SWEET MYRRH

There is a close connection between myrrh and opoponax since both come from the genus Commiphora, hence sharing a lot of similar characteristics. However, talking of their aroma, they are like the two end points of a line. Myrrh is bitter while opoponax is sweet and a bit more pleasant and that's the reason it usually referred to as sweet myrrh.

HARVEST and CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS


Tapping is the method to extract resins which is done twice a year. To extract resins, an incision is made in the trunk of the tree, which pierces gum resin reservoirs located in it. The incisions are made all the way up from the root to those of the branches that are strong enough to bear it. The sap slowly oozes from the incisions and drips down the bark, forming tear-shaped droplets that are left to harden on the side of the tree. These droplets flow as pale yellow liquid, but harden to reddish-brown masses of many sizes, the average being that of a walnut.

These hardened beads like droplets are then collected after two weeks. Myrrh is said to be of good quality if it comes in small pieces of irregular shape, the surface is rough and powdered, the pieces are brittle and show white marks like fingernails when they are broken.
 

Chemical constituents are volatile oil, resin (myrrhin), gum, ash, salts, sulphates, benzoates, malates, and acetates of potassa. Resinous materials like Frankincense and Myrrh are used either to make essential oil or resin absolute. The oil is extracted by steam distillation and the absolute by alcohol extraction.

MYRRH in FRAGRANCES

The myrrh note is best used in oriental fragrances and complements well, with a little darkness, the luminous and cheerful characteristics of the oriental vibe. Myrrhiad by perfumer Pierre Guillaume is all about myrrh. It has been made with three more notes to complement which are licorice, vanilla and black tea absolute.



PERFUMES:

Myrrhiad Huitieme Art Parfums
Myrrhe Ardente Annick Goutal

Frankincense and Myrrh Czech & Speake
Myrrhe & Merveilles Keiko Mecheri
Myrrhae L`Erbolario
No10 Myrrhe Prada
Frankincense - Myrrh - Rose Maroc Regina Harris
La Myrrhe Serge Lutens

 

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 

 

Myrrh Perfumes

1.5740799158506
Eau Sauvage Parfum Christian Dior
1.5282916213275
Eau d'Iparie L`Occitane en Provence
1.5012694958288
Amber & Myrrh Kuumba Made
1.5010881392818
Frankincense & Myrrh Kuumba Made
1.5008161044614
Myrhha dello Yemen Compagnia Delle Indie
1.5005440696409
Myrrh & Sandalwood Kuumba Made
1.5004533913674
Arabian Myrrh The Merchant of Venice
1.500181356547
Tunisian Myrrh Kuumba Made
1.500181356547
Patchouly Incubus Teufels Kuche
1.500181356547
Resin D.S. & Durga
1.5
Deep Island Simone Andreoli
1.4621727479144
Maiyet Barneys New York
1.4598633482046
Asp Viper Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.4595944359811
Opium Légendes de Chine eau de Parfum Yves Saint Laurent
1.4128338871962
Harem Soiree Arte Profumi
1.4080323333333
Gucci Pour Homme II Gucci
1.400181356547
Divine: Isis Opus Oils
1.400181356547
Breath of Hope Angela Flanders
1.3997279651795
Bois Precious Luxury Perfumes
1.3874597130939
Profumo Imperiale Nobile 1942
1.3849113579978
Incense Norma Kamali
1.3795915654697
Oud Al Sahraa Parfums Berdoues
1.3782549561117
Fahrenheit Absolute Christian Dior
1.3753627130939
Godking Aziza World Fragrances
1.3744396601378
Alien Essence Absolue Mugler
1.3710226615887
Frankincense - Myrrh - Rose Maroc Regina Harris
1.3639080348205
Ondine Artemisia Natural Perfume
1.3422723721436
Myrrhe Impériale Giorgio Armani
1.3392239568371
No10 Myrrhe Prada
1.3351106964091
Santalum Profumum Roma
1.334465943054
Ambra Aurea Profumum Roma
1.3336590087051
Boyfriend Kate Walsh
1.3336050348205
Sacred Ava Luxe
1.3334236782735
Eau d`Anvers Libertin Louison Technique Indiscrete
1.3332423217265
Bois Tendre ArteOlfatto
1.3325697986942
Opium Yves Saint Laurent
1.329902273123
Opium Yves Saint Laurent
1.3296517925281
Icon Lush
1.3262081309394
Rume Slumberhouse
1.3222302829162
Myrrhe Ardente Annick Goutal
1.3216310123322
Ambre Sultan Serge Lutens
1.3172379416032
Myrrhiad Pierre Guillaume
1.3095200638375
Prada Amber Pour Homme (Prada Man) Prada
1.3048385933986
Olibanum Profumum Roma
1.3006501022851
La Collection M7 Oud Absolu Yves Saint Laurent
1.300181356547
Amirat Al Gharam Nabeel
1.2995056942329
Prada Amber Pour Homme Intense Prada
1.2959258092129
Om Miller et Bertaux
1.294118
Cedro e Vinho Charme Essência
1.2865301044614
Oud Vanille Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.2861696216902
Cologne of the Missions Le Couvent des Minimes
1.2859860348205
Mistraal Pecksniff`s
1.285895356547
Encanto D'Charme Charme Essência
1.285714
Aspens Drift Parfum de Terre
1.2832910348205
Dance of Death Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.2819754261879
Tulipano Nero I Profumi di Firenze
1.2809554820457
Battito d`Ali Profumum Roma
1.2773506543344
Jubilation for Men Amouage
1.2754773558215
Comme des Garcons Series 3 Incense: Avignon Comme des Garcons
1.2751661922379
Incensed Smell Bent
1.2734548092129
Valentina Myrrh Assoluto Valentino
1.2730897130939
Vintage Patchouli West Third Brand
1.2730597312296
Eau Provocateur Agent Provocateur
1.272727
Shanghai Sweetheart 香海甜心 Scents & The City 寻味地图
1.272727
Cuero de Mexico Arts&Scents
1.2716393913674
Passum Profumi di Pantelleria
1.2706894874864
Myrrhe & Merveilles Keiko Mecheri
1.2675679401523
Mirra Tesori d`Oriente
1.266848356547
Red Tara Ava Luxe
1.2640649484947
Breathe Romance Bath and Body Works
1.2631273576351
Antaeus Chanel
1.2589666002902
Tigre Du Bengale Malbrum Parfums
1.2586997479144
Mirra e Anice Stellato Borsari
1.2577777479144
1499 S-Perfume
1.2575888175553
Terminator LR
1.2569618915488
Messe de Minuit Etro
1.2566306002902
Oud Mokhallat Momayaz Arabian Oud
1.2532898835691
Voile d'Ambre Yves Rocher
1.2507254261879
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.2504533913674
Tama Hendley Perfumes
1.2503627130939
Space Cathy Carden
1.2502720348205
Respiro MONOM
1.25
Vanyl Vaniglia Bruno Acampora
1.2499093217265
Lucky Ajne
1.248350820457
Persian Rose Pacifica
1.2453073663402
Myrrhae L`Erbolario
1.2426960348205
Darkness Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.2424790696409
Song of Songs Ayala Moriel
1.2409108803047
Mesmerize for Women Avon
1.2404901741023
Happy Baby House of Matriarch
1.2399961741023
Sanctum Perfume Ramón Béjar
1.2353744961915
Parfum Sacre Caron
1.2324199753355
Perfume Calligraphy Rose Aramis
1.231724854552
Timbuktu L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.2308596782735
Mystique Amethyste Aimee de Mars Parfums
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Oxiana Profumum Roma
1.2303776496192
Ambre Gris Pierre Balmain
1.2292576782735
Estelle Oud Western Valley Avenue London
1.2274312448313
Vetiver Guerlain
1.2271737859993
Bois d'Argent Christian Dior
1.2268034610083
To Be Honest Diane Pernet
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Mesmerize Avon
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Velvet Orchid Tom Ford
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Layal Arabian Oud
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Lolita Lempicka Au Masculin Eau de Parfum Intense Lolita Lempicka
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Diane Diane von Furstenberg
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L'Ether IUNX
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03 Century Odin
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Genua Paglieri
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Oud Robert Piguet
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Vanitas Profumum Roma
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La Myrrhe Serge Lutens
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Man Amber Halston
1.2182326565107
Roma Laura Biagiotti
1.2179341505259
Anubis Papillon Artisan Perfumes
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Vinyle Yves Saint Laurent
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Poltergeist Heretic Parfums
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Souffle Sauvage Bissoumine
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Diane Eau de Toilette Diane von Furstenberg
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Lailat Al Omer Al-Rehab
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Parfum Sacre Caron
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Londinium Molton Brown
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Alf Zahra Al Haramain Perfumes
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Terra Rossa Salvatore Ferragamo
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Quest Neil Morris
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Elle L'aime A La Folie Lolita Lempicka
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Voile d'Ambre Eau Fraiche Yves Rocher
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Amber Empire Atkinsons
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Precious Eau de Parfum Oriflame
1.2072597130939
Al Hajes Nabeel
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Eau d'Iparie L`Occitane en Provence
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L'Agent Agent Provocateur
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Fair Verona Strange Invisible Perfumes
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Fireside Sonoma Scent Studio
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Opium Eau D'ete Summer Fragrance 2003 Yves Saint Laurent
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Sultan`s Elixir Dua Fragrances
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Platinum Armaf
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Alkemi Laboratorio Olfattivo
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Opium Eau D'ete Summer Fragrance Yves Saint Laurent
1.2020876840769
Songe d'un Bois d'Ete Guerlain
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Ambre Precieux Maitre Parfumeur et Gantier
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Sander for Men Summer Cologne Jil Sander
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03 Arbol de la Noche Body Conjure
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L'Examen de Minuit Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Wings of Azrael Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
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Pour Lui 3 Teana
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