Taif Rose

lat. Rosa damascena trigintipetala

Group: FLOWERS

Taif Rose Rosa damascena trigintipetala
Taif Rose Rosa damascena trigintipetala
Taif Rose Rosa damascena trigintipetala
Odor profile: variety of rose that has a faint tea-like tannic nuance to its powdery soft bouquet


Taif is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is located in the western part of Saudi Arabia, close to the holy city of Mecca. Taif is mentioned in all books on the Arabian Peninsula. Its heritage and ancient monuments have many stories to tell to visitors. Taif is known for its bazaar Okaz, one of the most famous Arabian bazaars. It is known for its valleys, such as Wadi Al-Naml. The legend says that this valley was visited by King Solomon. There is the valley named Wadi Wej where the Prophet Mohammed forbade all hunting, wood-cutting, and any other activity that might have harmed the wild life there. Some famous people lived there, such as Hajjaj Ibn Yusuf Thaqafi, the tyrant leader of Arabs, and Abdullah Ibn Abbas, the friend of the Prophet Mohammed.
 

Yet, Taif is known for something other than that. It is known for the famous Wardh Taifi, the Rose of Taif. The suburbs of Taif and its valleys Huda, al Shafa, al Ghadeerayn and Wadi Mahram, are known for cultivation of this rose, which creates more income than the cultivation of vegetables or crops. Taif is placed 2000 meters above sea level and due to its climate conditions (cooler than the climate in Jeddah and Mecca), qualitative irrigation systems, and fertile land, it is a great area for the cultivation of roses. In the time of the Ottoman Empire, this region was named the Arabian Rose.


Photo by Josef Türk Reit im Winkl Chiemgau


Taif Rose, WardhTaifi (Rosa damascena trigintipetala) belongs to the species Damask Rose. There are several varieties of Damask Rose, such as Autumn Damask Rose (R. damascena sempervirens) and Damask Rose Kazanlik (also Rosa damascena trigintipetala). Damask Rose grows as a small, 1-2 m, thorny bush with whitish hairy leaves, and pink and very fragrant 30-petal flowers. This rose is most commonly tied to Bulgaria and Turkey as countries of origin, or more precisely, to the valley Kazanlik in Bulgaria, where this rose has been cultivated for 330 years, and Isparta in Turkey.
 

It has never been completely clear how the 30-petal Damask rose appeared in Taif. Due to its close resemblance to Kazanlik rose, it has been suggested that the Taif Rose was brought to Taif from Balkans by Turks, who occupied this area in the 14th century. However, the rose Kazanlik, whose Turkish name means "suitable for the [distiller's] kettle," has its origins in the Persian Rose plantations around Shiraz and Kashan. The legends say that this rose actually originates from India.


In the West it is the Damask Rose that is known for its deep and intense fragrance, while in the Arabian World it is the Taif Rose that is famous for the same properties. Taif Rose flowers, whose fragrance is even more intense than the fragrance of the Damask Rose, are harvested in April, in the early morning hours, because the buds bloom at dawn. It is necessary to pick them before the Sun and the heat of the day destroy the essential oils needed for the production of rose water.
 


Photo by magnusfranklin


The first description of the distillation of rose petals in the Middle East was provided by al-Kindi, a 9th century philosopher. A somewhat more sophisticated distillation apparatus was described by al-Razi in the 10th century. One of the oldest centers for rose water production was Persia. In the 13th century rose water production was widespread in Syria, and it seems likely that Damask Rose was named after the city of Damascus.
 

The word "attar," today used by many as a synonym for rose oil, comes from the Arabic word ittr, which means "perfume" or "essence."  Although the Arabians were distilling rose water from the petals as early as the 9th century, the earliest sources documenting the origins of attar as rose derivate come from India. The fourth Mughal emperor Jahangir, whose reign took place at the end of 16th and the beginning of the 17th century, credited the discovery of attar to his mother-in-law, Asmat Begum, the mother of his wife, Noor Jehan. While making rosewater, when she poured hot water into a kettle with rose petals, a foam appeared. She was collecting it and discovered that the foam carried a scent as strong as a bouquet of blooming roses. The emperor, overjoyed with the beauty of the scent, rewarded Asmat Begum with a string of pearls, and in return, she named the oil itr-i-Jahangiri. Another legend says that attar was discovered by Noor Jehan herself, when a bath of rose petals was left overnight to cool. When she laid in the water she discovered the fragrant oil on the water's surface.


Photo by huangjiahui


More than two centuries ago, Taif Rose petals were collected, firmly sealed and brought to Mecca on camels' backs. It was there where attar was produced by Indian distillers. The distillation process was different from the one used today, and the distillers then eventually mastered the production of fine attar. Their technique was the infusion of rose distillate into sandalwood oil which resulted in fresh, floral and woody notes. It is interesting to note that this mix can still be found in India, and, even though very rarely, in Saudi Arabia, too.
 

About 200 years ago the Arabian distillers took their art to Taif and closer to the rose fields. Thus, the rose oil production was improved by preventing the loss of fragrant oil which used to occur during transport to Mecca as the fragrant rose oil evaporates from the petals in a short time. Soon after the distilleries were established in Taif, the Taif rose oil became famous across the Muslim world. The pilgrims coming from the East very often would take a route via Taif just to buy the rose oil, and each Muslim who could afford it would make sure to buy at least one vial of the precious rose oil as a souvenir of Hajj.


Photo by sheeshoo


Today, rose oil production in Taif, although of the highest quality, appears modest compared to quantities produced by the big exporters of Turkey, Bulgaria, Russia, China, Morocco, and Iran. However, the market is not oversupplied. Attar is still being diligently produced. Its fragrance is still strong and expensive, so that even a small amount, given as a gift, is considered the best compliment anyone could pay.
 

At the moment, the main producers of Taif rose in Taif are five families:  al Qadi, al Kamal, al Qureishi, al Ghuraybi and al Solhi. These families oversee most of the cultivation and rose oil laboratories in Taif. They produce authentic attar, with a unique and strong aroma and a yellow, sometimes slightly greenish color (green color reveals bad quality).


Despite popular belief Taif Rose fragrance is not long-lasting on skin as it is quickly absorbed. To produce one 11-gram bottle of attar takes about 40.000 rose flowers - which costs around $ 400.
 

Al-Rehab Parfums with taif rose:

Al Hanouf, Taif, Max and Rosy.

Author: noor_jehan
Fragrantica Member

Taif Rose Perfumes

1.5103754940711
Rosa Santa Maria Novella
1.5052700922266
Taif Roses Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5027997364954
Al Taef Rose Blend Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5024703557312
Taif Al-Rehab
1.5021409749671
Al Hajjar Al'Aswad Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5018115942029
Al Taef Rose Nakhb Al Arouss Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5013175230567
Glistening Boadicea the Victorious
1.5008234519104
Al Ward Al Taifi Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.5004940711462
Rose Taifi Al Haramain Perfumes
1.5003293807642
Soglie Tonatto Profumi
1.5
Mayaz Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.4678523333333
Very Irresistible Givenchy
1.4669686996047
Tresor In Love Lancome
1.4464655204216
Rose Essentielle Bvlgari
1.4431427114625
Al Hanouf Al-Rehab
1.4184785942029
Rouh Al Amber Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.4168316903821
Mukhallat Da’aim Ajmal
1.4083851884058
Nadine Al-Rehab
1.3998353096179
Rouh El Ward Al Taifi Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.3754940711462
Al Khalta Al-Sharqiah - Eastern Mukhallat Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.3638006903821
Jenan Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.3616050711462
Ajwad Amouage
1.3603109815547
La Petite Robe Noire Guerlain
1.3581335942029
Taifi Rose Amouage
1.3563994980237
Rosa Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.347826
April 2nd Anfasic Dokhoon
1.3453788537549
Wardia Al Haramain Perfumes
1.3336623807642
Al Eqd Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.3323354110672
Attar Al Kaaba Al Haramain Perfumes
1.3083823768116
Molook Amouage
1.2941373557312
Al Moulouk Blend Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.2901606403162
The Heritage Blend Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.2891659499341
Haneen Al Haramain Perfumes
1.2873358537549
Rose Glacee Armand Basi
1.2867021422925
Alhada Tola
1.2865374519104
Mukhallat Al-Manara Al-Makkeah Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.2810158787879
Salamah Amouage
1.2808942134387
Peacock Throne Thameen
1.2802700922266
Oud Couture Carolina Herrera
1.2789308326746
Nassak Thameen
1.2787661422925
King Fahad Blend Arabian Oud
1.2701254980237
Al Shomoukh Amouage
1.2674971172596
Bohemian Rose Ava Luxe
1.2648771422925
Matar Al Hub Al Haramain Perfumes
1.2636520711462
Luisa Luisa Spagnoli
1.2557457628458
Ta'if Ormonde Jayne
1.2555242766798
Rose de Taif Perris Monte Carlo
1.2518115942029
Royal White Musk Abdul Karim Al Faransi
1.2514822134387
Mukhallat At-Tabari Abdul Karim Al Faransi
1.2506587615283
Oudh Ma'Al Wardh Al Haramain Perfumes
1.2504940711462
Al Madina Al Mounawara Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.2501646903821
Akaber Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.24719556917
Noorolain Taif Thameen
1.2407323412385
Jimmy Choo Eau de Toilette Jimmy Choo
1.2381595230567
Al Ghar Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.2312630711462
Malik Al Atoor Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.2279469749671
Taif Rose Illuminum
1.227466284585
Floratta in Rose Belle O Boticario
1.2228807615283
Gutoof Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.2197381422925
Oud Oriental Al Musbah
1.2185679499341
Hind Abdul Karim Al Faransi
1.2180924980237
Safeena Al Arab Al Haramain Perfumes
1.2171225942029
Affaf Al Haramain Perfumes
1.2160975942029
Zuhoor Al Haramain Perfumes
1.2146153807642
Kaja Al Attar
1.2145379499341
Shams Al Doha Amouage
1.2137233820817
Attar de Roses Keiko Mecheri
1.2124508537549
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.2090407575758
A.Maze The People Of The Labyrinths
1.2089639038208
L'Eau De Rose Ramon Monegal
1.2081855533597
Amouage Homage Amouage
1.2015973109354
David Yurman Limited Edition David Yurman
1.1980375612648
Rosam Histoires de Parfums
1.197098284585
Rendez-Vous Michel Klein
1.1969429499341
Tahani Amouage
1.1966777364954
Rose Gold Ormonde Jayne
1.1950885942029
Rose de Taif Extrait Perris Monte Carlo
1.1912994519104
AL Kimiya Royal Crown
1.1899680711462
Al Lolo Al-Maknoon Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.1879940711462
The Party in Paris The Party
1.1862974268775
Pretty Butterfly Betty Barclay
1.1853461422925
Authent Menard
1.1846517325428
Or et Noir Caron
1.1728631422925
Amami per Sempre  Gianluca Bulega Couture
1.1725337615283
Arabian Rose Arabian Oud
1.172117259552
Afrah Amouage
1.1718676403162
Bal de Roses Keiko Mecheri
1.168643284585
Adghal Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.1673257615283
My Oud Royal Crown
1.1621134519104
Attar Al Zoujan Al Haramain Perfumes
1.1616193807642
Immortal Boadicea the Victorious
1.1584887364954
Wild Roses Aftelier
1.1581133017128
United Arab Emirates Spirit Of The Union Roja Dove
1.1543592187088
Tiffany Tiffany
1.1494625942029
Arabian Rose Bella Bellissima
1.1473855546772
Amber Mystique Estée Lauder
1.1443392134387
Mubakhar Al-Rehab
1.1441745230567
Ayah Al Haramain Perfumes
1.1431863807642
Amado Mio Gianluca Bulega Couture
1.1416123227931
Bvlgari Man Black Orient Bvlgari
1.1413390711462
Durra Al Attar
1.1410601172596
Musk Tahara Al Faransi Abdul Karim Al Faransi
1.1387684018445
Sultana Al-Rehab
1.1383931422925
Black Rose Illuminum
1.1370619749671
Lavander and Gold Amber Gandini 1896
1.1365374519104
Rose of Kali Neil Morris
1.1266708076416
Ottoman Rose Crabtree & Evelyn
1.126317916996
Thirty-three Ex Idolo
1.1261819235837
Habanita Eau de Parfum Molinard
1.1233411884058
Ohood Amouage
1.1231042134387
Tohfa Arabian Oud
1.1224450711462
Vintage Kosiuko
1.121764259552
Volare Forever Oriflame
1.1215459499341
Valentina Rosa Assoluto Valentino
1.1197524268775
Bed of Roses Velvet & Sweet Pea’s Purrfumery
1.1190238379447
Eclat Weekend Oriflame
1.1165378326746
Momentous Boadicea the Victorious
1.1151349749671
Al Nabha Al Haramain Perfumes
1.1143595744401
Tribute Amouage
1.1140153939394
I Puredistance
1.113402
Rose et Noir Dilis Parfum
1.1112756903821
Shumoa Majid Muzaffar Iterji
1.1026166745718
M by Marcel Marongiu Oriflame
1.1
Favorite Al Haramain Perfumes
1.0943911844532
Aqaba Classic Aqaba
1.0910736903821
Basile Style Femme Basile
1.0893077957839
Oui-Non Kookai
1.0857805942029
Chronos Lord`s Jester
1.085714
Art 07 Rosa del Deserto Profumi d`Art (Art Landi Profumi)
1.0805939038208
Queen Bess Ava Luxe
1.0771781422925
La Petite Robe Noire Macon&Lesquoy Edition Guerlain
1.0709198326746
Dionysus Lord`s Jester
1.067568
Mousseline Rochas
1.0660680711462
Bloom Al Haramain Perfumes
1.0655704980237
Daphne Lord`s Jester
1.0639822134387
Habibati Abdul Karim Al Faransi
1.0614822134387
Zephyr Lord`s Jester
1.060800284585
Phoebe Lord`s Jester
1.0510568998682
La Petite Robe Noire Eau de Parfum Collector Edition Guerlain
1.0490164519104
Jolie de Nonchalance Maurer & Wirtz
1.0488094268775
Pure Mariposa Ramon Monegal
1.0448760210804
Topaz Judith Leiber
1.0353408326746
Jinx Tommi Sooni
1.0301967364954
La Petite Robe Noire Eau de Parfum Limited Edition 2014 Guerlain
1.026366284585
White Musk Ramon Monegal
1.0031291172596
Khaltat Al Haram Abdul Samad Al Qurashi
1.0023056653491
Selene Lord`s Jester
1.0003293807642
Suhad Suhad Perfumes
1.0003293807642
Amiri Collection Al Haramain Perfumes
1.0001646903821
Princess Hamida Arabian Oud

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