Water Hyacinth

lat. Eichhornia, family Pontederiaceae

Group: FLOWERS

Water Hyacinth Eichhornia, family Pontederiaceae
Water Hyacinth Eichhornia, family Pontederiaceae
Water Hyacinth Eichhornia, family Pontederiaceae
Odor profile: a green floral with an aqueous nuance to its scent profile, less dramatic than regular hyacinth



Botanical Name:
Eichhornia crassipes                         

Family:
Pontederiaceae


 

COMMON NAMES

Akasa thamarai, German pana, jalkhumbi, kachuripana, kajor pati, kolavazha, kulavali, neithamarai, pisachi thanana, sokh-samundar, tagoi, vilayati pana, water orchid, water hyacinth (India), aguapey, camalotes, jacinto de agua (Argentina), lagunero, taruya (Nicaragua), pontederia azul (Mexico), jacinthe d'eau (France) and jacinto aquatic (Portugal).

ORIGIN AND DISTRIBUTION

Water hyacinth is widely recognized as the world's most persistent aquatic weed. The plant is indigenous to South America, particularly to the Amazonian basin. Because of its beautiful flowers, the species rapidly established and spread throughout the tropical, subtropical and warm and temperate regions of the world. The water hyacinth was first introduced into Africa through Egypt at some point between 1879 and 1882. Water hyacinths were first observed on the White Nile in March 1958. Its subsequent spread is helped by flooding, by wind and by boats in the River Nile.
 

BOTANY

The new emergent leaves of water hyacinth are elongated and strap-like, but soon they develop into spathulate shapes and swollen petioles, which ensure that, once dislodged, the seedlings will float from the mud into open water. The plant varies in size with seedlings growing leaves that are only a few centimeters across or high, whereas mature plants with a good nutrient supply may reach 1 m in height. Plants in an un-crowded habitat tend to have short, spreading petioles with pronounced swelling, while in a dense stand they are taller, more erect and with little or no swelling of the petioles. The plant system consists of individual shoots/crowns, each with up to ten expanded leaves arranged spirally and separated by very short internodes.

The inflorescence is a spike that grows up to 50 cm high and is subtended at the base by two bracts with 8-15 sessile flowers. Each flower has a 1.5 cm long perianth tube that is expanding into six mauve or purple lobes which are up to 4 cm long. The main lobe has a bright-yellow, diamond-shaped patch surrounded by deeper purple.

Once the inflorescence is fully emerged from the leaf sheath, the flowers open at the same time, starting at night and completing the process in the morning, and withering by the next night when the peduncle starts to bend down.The flowers are tristylous. They have six stamens and one style, arranged in three possible configurations (floral trimorphism):  short style (and medium and long stamens), medium style (short and long stamens) or long style (short and medium stamens).

The medium style form is genetically dominant and is by far the most common form in almost all infested areas. The short-styled form is known in South America only, whereas the long-styled form is commonly found in South America, rarely in South-East Asia and very rarely in Africa. The long-styled form is the most common one in Sir Lanka.


Water hyacinth is known as the one of the fastest growing plants. It also produces large quantities of seeds (450 small seeds per capsule, each about 1 x 3 mm.), which are viable for up to thirty years. The water hyacinth forms dense impenetrable mats across water surfaces and can hardly be accessed by man, fauna or machinery.

Moreover, navigation and fishing are obstructed and irrigation, as well as drainage systems, are blocked by these plants. Water hyacinths cause a variety of problems when their rapid, mat-like proliferation covers areas of fresh water. Mats of water hyacinth can seriously hinder water transport. Canals and freshwater rivers may become impassable as they clog up with densely intertwined carpets of the plant. Water hyacinths can grow so densely that a person is able walk on them.  When it takes hold in rivers and canals it can become that dense that it forms an herbivorous barrage and can cause damaging and dangerous flooding.

Some perfumes and colognes with the note water hyacinth are Malachite Special Edition perfume, launched in 2011 by Banana Republic and composed of sandalwood, peony and water hyacinth. Malachite, its predecessor, was launched in 2007 by Banana Republic and contains notes of water hyacinth, peony, sandalwood, musk, pepper, vanilla and green mango.

Photos: Maki_C30D, Eran Finkle, Ezra S F, kamonegi_jp, amore_perras
 


Author: Dr. Chandra Shekhar Gupta (cshekhar)

Fragrantica Writer

 

 




 

 

 

Water Hyacinth Perfumes

1.5078612089997
Clinique Happy Heart 2012 Clinique
1.501355380862
Malachite Special Edition Banana Republic
1.5011746634138
Aguape L`Occitane en Provence
1.4443803333333
Chance Eau Fraiche Chanel
1.401052545586
Body by Victoria 2014 Victoria`s Secret
1.3589501744827
Poolside Breeze Victoria`s Secret
1.3478583046896
Multiflor Line Blanche Jacinthe Il Profvmo
1.3248000431011
Clinique Happy Heart 2003 Clinique
1.3162713932412
Puma Aqua Woman Puma
1.2980492656546
See by Chloe Eau Fraiche Chloe
1.297297
Jardin de Genty Violet Parfums Genty
1.2782695260685
Malachite Banana Republic
1.2248162630342
Enchanted Apple Victoria`s Secret
1.2216466217584
Simple Elements Meadow Dew Avon
1.2008707572061
Chloe Innocence Chloe
1.1906622175838
Hugo Woman Hugo Boss
1.1810097076895
Bath Bobbi Brown
1.1810077936207
Varens Desire Ulric de Varens
1.1579163223096
Fleur d`Eau Rochas
1.1567857395862
Lysval Girard
1.1564384570344
Miss Jaguar Jaguar
1.1545970983103
Essence Pure Ocean pour Femme S.T. Dupont
1.153846
Moon River Sherod Marquez Artisan Perfumes
1.1513947936207
Le Cirque de Popy Moreni Popy Moreni
1.1483240221379
Potion Prescriptives
1.1469207076895
Tourmaline Charriol
1.1446399459655
Blue Wonders Oriflame
1.1398874844131
Lucky You for Women Lucky Brand
1.1335391654468
O Oui! Lancome
1.1313510078612
Sensi White Notes Giorgio Armani
1.125
Atlantica Femme Behind The Destiny Dilis Parfum
1.1236202285172
Ghiaccio Byblos
1.119931740309
L Gwen Stefani
1.1196805110689
Sheer Tiffany Tiffany
1.1194933587241
Sunshine Lys Princesse Marina De Bourbon
1.1178277174483
Samba Sport Woman Perfumer`s Workshop
1.113099272793
Arbo Female O Boticario
1.1110898378964
Shades Dana
1.1011814844131
Divine Oriflame
1.0960201425861
Frosty Couture Shimmering Eau de Parfum Juicy Couture
1.0955474844131
Ferre Rose Gianfranco Ferre
1.093023
Satomi White Parfums Genty
1.0926609459655
Ethere Vicky Tiel
1.0900636634138
Princesse Chipie Chipie
1.089590380862
Sonata Eclectic Collections
1.0880885384476
Frangipane Chantecaille
1.0820907395862
Solar Impulse
1.077645818379
Adora Kat Von D
1.0746590221379
Jean Baptiste 1717 Niven Morgan
1.0637828307581
Ashoka Neela Vermeire Creations
1.0591854348965
Miss Erreuno Erreuno
1.0547157936207
Paradiso Bi-es
1.0513723587241
Loverdose CFFC Fragrances
1.0444322975513
Fleurs d`Orlane Orlane
1.0384755553447
Catherine Rasasi
1.0209233587241
Croyance Charrier Parfums
1.0209233587241
Believing Phuong Dang
1.0006325110689
Nativa Spa Violet + White Sandal O Boticario
1
Sensual Style TianDe
1
Yukata Kenji Tanaka
1
La Rotta del Mare Sinfonia di Note
1
Reserve America Danny Seo
0.99990964127587
The University of Tennessee Men Masik Collegiate Fragrances

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