Ylang-Ylang

lat. Cananga odorata

Group: FLOWERS

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
Odor profile: rich, floral, banana-toned, jasmine nuances, sweet and narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic.











Common Name: Ylang-Ylang 
Botanical Name: Cananga Odorata 

Plant Family: Anonaceae 

Genus: Cananga 

Species: odorata, latifolia

Ylang-ylang (pronounced as "ilang-ilang") is a highly appreciated flower in perfumery and aroma therapy. This flower is blessing in disguise for many health problems.

On his website Perfumer AbdeSsalaam Attar mentions its benefits:


"It is a highly valued essence both in perfumery for the power of its delicate flowery note, and in aromatherapy for its action on the nervous system in all symptoms derived from stress, such as hypertension, tachycardia and sleeplessness. From time immemorial the natives of the islands have used the flowers of ylang-ylang to treat their hair. In fact, this flower is the main ingredient of the famed Macassar oil. Ylang- ylang essence has an hormonal effect and is used in aromatherapy for the cure of many feminine problems."
 

The original home of Cananga is probably South East Asia. However, it is now naturalized in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands and the Philippines. It has been introduced into tropical countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas, specifically as an essential oil plant. The tree requires a moist tropical climate and grows well in rich volcanic soils or fertile sandy loams. It grows both in vine and tree form. The vine bears flowers early and more blooms with fragrance in the evening when the flowers get yellow. But both are slow growers. It also thrives well in my coastal city, Karchi.

Genus Cananga has two species; C. odorata, the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil and C. lotifolia, which produces an oil of commercial importance. The leaves are described as numerous, thin, alternate with a sharply pointed apex and a base rounded on light green petioles. Flowers are numerous, large, yellow-green, strongly scented and borne on slender,light green stalks in axillary clusters,  and have six petals with slightly recurved tips. The flowers start to droop when mature.

  Bird on the ylang-ylang tree by Desirade


Propagation is largely by seeds and usually takes place spontaneously by means of fruits (seeds) falling of the trees or by birds eating the fruit and dropping it elsewehere. The flowering of the plant also depends on the altitudes, as at low altitudes the trees require only a few years to give an economic flower harvest, whereas, at higher and cooler altitudes (500 m above sea level) they grow much more slowly and require seven to ten years to produce flowers in quantities sufficient for harvesting. Periodic pruning of the tree has to be undertaken to prevent growth of the tree beyond 2-3 m height. Trees of more than 20 years old reach a height of about 30 m.
 

The tree flowers throughout the year, however, the main flowering seasons are immediately after rain and during the dry season.

Talking of harvesting, the question is when to harvest flowers? Initially, the flowers have little fragrance when the petals are still green and are covered with fine white hairs (which disappear with maturity). After 14-21 days, the petals become pale green, then yellow and their scent becomes progressively stronger. When a small reddish tint appears on the base of the petals, the flowers are ready for picking. The harvesting should be done during early morning hours as the flowers contain more essential oil during night, particularly just before daybreak, and as the day progresses, especially in strong sunlight, the oil content rapidly diminishes.

  Cananga odorata by Tatters:)

Steam distillation is a preferred method for the extraction of oil. We will particularly talk about C. odorata as this is the source of cananga and ylang-ylang oil. The main use of cananga oil is in soaps, toiletries and less expensive perfumeries. Whereas, ylang-ylang oil is highly appreciated in perfumery because of its delightfuly sweet, heavenly and strong odor. Ylang-ylang oil is normally available in four grades, namely, extra, first, second and third. Extra grade oil is extensively used in high quality fragrances.

When Perfumer Anya McCoy spotted Ylang-Ylang flowers blooming in her garden she shared about it on her blog, and I loved the last part so much that I asked for her permission to share it with you all. She says:


''If you live in the tropics, I urge you to grow it. The flowers have a delicate sweetness that is not present in even the best distillation, the extra grade, nor is it in ylang concrete or absolute, created with solvents. My garden is perfume heaven right now, and if you can grow this, and keep it pruned to a reasonable size, you will have a perfume heaven in your garden, also.''
 

I would like readers share their favourite Ylang-Ylang fragrances or anything that they like about this flower or perhaps they have learnt about it for the first time.  

 



Author: Naheed Shoukat Ali (naheed)
Fragrantica Writer

 

 

 

 


 


 

Ylang-Ylang Perfumes

1.500905108432
Ylang Austral Givenchy
1.5002896346982
La Petite Mort Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab
1.5002172260237
Pure Love Oriflame
1.5001810216864
Ylang Ylang Companhia da Terra
1.5000724086746
Le Premier Parfum Coolife
1.5000724086746
Plaisir de Frederic Frederic Haldimann
1.5
Soon Germaine Monteil
1.5
Ylang-Ylang Demeter Fragrance
1.4802172260237
Rich Hippie Rich Hippie
1.4767016038521
Paper Flower Love & Toast
1.473684
Gardenia Melange Perfume
1.4707328173491
Nymph Nina`s Nature
1.4642497956627
Vanilla-Ylang Durance en Provence
1.4583692043373
Exotic Ylang Ylang 40 Notes Perfume
1.4547260216864
Zahira Bvlgari
1.4546174086746
Chypre Patyka
1.4401448173491
Vanilla Natural Scent Apivita
1.4288968390355
Sable d'Orient Adopt` by Reserve Naturelle
1.4288968390355
Ylang Ylang Nosy Be Extrait Perris Monte Carlo
1.428571
Cuir Ylang Elie Saab
1.4284985913254
Purple Haze Rich Hippie
1.4170652477101
Eau de Cartier Essence de Paradis Cartier
1.4147608741899
APOM Pour Femme Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.4137567956627
Deva des Fleurs Sama
1.4120908390355
Ylang Florascent
1.4091272043373
Avah Serge Normant
1.4049068173491
Layan Syed Junaid Alam
1.4007964954202
Bic Nuit Bic
1.4005430650592
Ilang Ilang Tsi-La Organic
1.4001448173491
L'Élu Marquay
1.3983095797401
Aqua Allegoria Ylang & Vanille Guerlain
1.3974866255385
Mi Corazon Oscar de la Renta
1.3875676563846
The Phantom of the Opera Parlux
1.384615
Cannes Croisette M. Micallef
1.3831132910829
Chakra 5 Creativity Aveda
1.3825340216864
Cybele Fresh Line
1.3760943333333
Coco Mademoiselle Chanel
1.3751086130118
Nada Yas Yas Perfumes
1.3750724086746
Notes from Michael Houndstooth Michael Kors
1.3750724086746
Anne of Avonlea Ravenscourt Apothecary
1.375
Giglio Dorato Bottega Verde
1.3668118173491
Moroccan Tuberose Illuminum
1.3642152693965
Yog Nog Lush
1.3613282260237
Coeur d'Ylang Comptoir Sud Pacifique
1.3584101518048
Aveda Love Aveda
1.3572154086746
Profumo delle Fate Erboristeria Magentina
1.3560990650592
Ombre D'Or Jean Charles Brosseau
1.3542952910829
J`Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3539531768582
J'Adore Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3528018081894
PG15 Ilang Ivohibe Pierre Guillaume
1.3437862043373
Nuvola Farfalla
1.3347449691539
Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3337312477101
Arboretum Library of Flowers
1.3336226346982
Night Musk Avon
1.3335502260237
Jasmine Renee
1.3334054086746
SnifSnif Nina`s Nature
1.3334054086746
Lake Flower La Via del Profumo
1.3334054086746
A Perfect Woman Lise London
1.3333692043373
Woman Basic Ariane Inden
1.3333692043373
Mama Nina`s Nature
1.333333
Men Inside Bi-es
1.333333
Pia Fragrantia Secrets
1.3332967956627
Songs of Solomon Ein Gedi
1.3332605913254
White Jasmine Bjork and Berries
1.3246136346982
Hana Miya Shinma
1.3222150216864
Chic Eudora
1.3205792693965
Magic Marilyn Miglin
1.3204706563846
Santalove Nishane
1.3180143127693
Sleep Knot 4160 Tuesdays
1.3169113344557
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.3165442260237
Givenchy Harvest 2010 Amarige Ylang Ylang Givenchy
1.3106708390355
Gigi Lulu Beauty
1.3105468824083
Les Creations de Monsieur Dior Diorissimo Extrait de Parfum Christian Dior
1.3077282043373
Leilani's Lei Stand Maoli
1.3077282043373
White Edition Light Powdery Gritti
1.3054668549292
Vanilia L`Artisan Parfumeur
1.3022128390355
Varens Original Borneo Dream Ulric de Varens
1.3015114554144
Acqua di Parma Profumo Acqua di Parma
1.3003982477101
Jungle Lush
1.3001810216864
Musc Venitien Des Filles a la Vanille
1.3001086130118
No. XV Pink Tubereuse Mad et Len
1.3000724086746
S`Eau Amazing Castle Forbes
1.3000724086746
Chape 75 Bachs
1.3000724086746
Montana en Turquoise Montana
1.3
Royal Garden Rose Alan Bray
1.2983116038521
Mon Parfum Gold M. Micallef
1.296956430361
Jasmin T Bruno Acampora
1.2964770216864
African Night La Via del Profumo
1.2944063561421
Velvet Love Dolce&Gabbana
1.294118
Soleil Sunrise CIEL Parfum
1.2920268824083
Amarige Ylang-Ylang de Mayotte 2006 Givenchy
1.291667
Dewmusk Montale
1.2911324520474
Cross of Asia Orlov Paris
1.2885052260237
Intriga No2 Dzintars
1.2858950216864
Matin d'Ete Place des Lices
1.2858588173491
Times Square Demeter Fragrance
1.2858588173491
Audace Les Fleurs De Bach
1.2804706563846
Tambourine Dreamer Pinrose
1.2784658824083
Oiseau Woman In Yellow Anthropologie
1.278289115166
Eau Moheli Diptyque
1.2779590216864
Eau Deux Castle Forbes
1.2778866130118
Call Me Nabeel
1.2769580433728
Musc Ambre Jeanne Arthes
1.2761753995149
Indra Ulric de Varens
1.2737602260237
Solo Dzintars
1.2736254288766
Naughty Alice Vivienne Westwood
1.2731976563846
Lyra Roxana Illuminated Perfume
1.2731252477101
Amande de Ble Acorelle
1.2729080216864
Le Deuxieme Parfum Coolife
1.2728718173491
APOM Pour Femme Elixir Maison Francis Kurkdjian
1.2727632043373
Moskovskiy Novaya Zarya
1.2727632043373
Skye Geo. F. Trumper
1.2692672043373
Floresta Amazonia Viva
1.2691734212013
Snow Gardenia MOR
1.2677146130118
Helianthe L`Atelier Boheme
1.2672568353789
Samsara Eau de Parfum Guerlain
1.2669566346982
Fresh Sweet Peas Jo Loves
1.2667756130118
Jasmin Le Jardin Retrouve
1.266667
Divine Ylang Aimee de Mars Parfums
1.2664638607219
Blu Bruno Acampora
1.2650318390355
Deux Amours Jean Patou
1.264968216864
Kisu Tann Rokka
1.2644962910829
Harvest 2008: Amarige Ylang-Ylang Givenchy
1.2643889474675
Tiffany Parfum Tiffany
1.263158
Divin - Divine Ajne
1.2622700393179
Chanel N°5 Eau Premiere Chanel
1.2620268968176
Lust Lush
1.2620212910829
Alguien Sueña Fueguia 1833
1.2609062043373
Il Mio Segreto Olibere Parfums
1.26087
Arabesque Gold Arabesque Perfumes
1.2594400216864
Musk by Yanbal Yanbal
1.2593314086746
Earth Natural Scent Apivita
1.2584825604793
Vie Privée 2007 Yves Rocher
1.258065
Persica Strange Invisible Perfumes
1.2567720433728
Courage One Seed
1.2565910216864
Natasha Novaya Zarya
1.2555826130118
New York Nights Demeter Fragrance
1.2552549040947
Talisman eau Transparente Balenciaga
1.2507240867456
Desert Pure-Fume Sand Verbena Aveda
1.2506154737338
World Of Your Own Grassroots
1.2506154737338
Classique Love Actually Jean Paul Gaultier
1.2503620433728
Hansa Yellow DSH Perfumes
1.250253430361
Geisha Hana-Cha Aroma M
1.2501810216864
La Reine Soleil Sabe Masson
1.2501086130118
Pink Kat Trance Essence
1.2500724086746
Frangipani Lili Bermuda
1.2500362043373
Zhirinovsky Red Zhirinovsky
1.2500362043373
No 51 M. Micallef
1.2500362043373
Lady Bozzini
1.25
Sexy Julie Burk Perfumes

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